Each and every individual will not experience symptoms from duodenal ulcers; and those who do mostly complain of pain and burning sensation in the abdominal region. The other signs and symptoms are discussed below:
- Nausea accompanied by vomiting
- Weight loss
- Decreased appetite
- Undue fatigue
- Anemia due to bleeding ulcers
- Abdominal bloating and belching
In addition to these, individuals may experience other serious symptoms such as:
- Blood in stools
- Pain in the chest
- Blood in vomiting
Entire Body System
Eight months later, he complained of general fatigue and anorexia. Gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed a duodenal ulcer at the third portion close to the superior mesenteric artery. [ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Duodenal ulcers can cause a myriad of unpleasant symptoms, including nausea, upper abdominal pain, weight loss and fatigue. Occasionally, an ulcer perforates, causing a hole that goes all the way through the duodenum. [livestrong.com]
[…] eating (duodenal ulcer) Pain which is aggravated by eating (stomach ulcer) Pain which can last anywhere from a few minutes to hours Pain which can disappear for days or weeks at a time Other symptoms may include belching, bloating, nausea, vomiting, fatigue [familyhealthdiary.co.nz]
[…] include: Nausea and vomiting Poor appetite Weight loss Bloating Burping Symptoms that require immediate medical attention are associated with bleeding and they include: Sudden sharp abdominal pain Blood in the stool or vomit Dark-colored stool or vomit Fatigue [innerbody.com]
Stop hovering to collapse... Click to collapse... Hover to expand... Click to expand... [forums.studentdoctor.net]
[…] common finding in this patient group usually with poor nutritional intake Symptoms Abdominal Pain usually centrally in the upper abdomen Anaemia usually showing Iron deficiency Indigestion Vomiting Vomiting blood (haematemesis) Black stools (melaena) Collapse [sussexsurgical.co.uk]
The common symptoms of duodenal ulcer are: Abdominal pain usually centrally in the upper abdomen Anaemia usually showing Iron deficiency Indigestion Vomiting Vomiting blood (haematemesis) Black stools (melaena) Collapse and shock There may be some symptoms [pacificcross.com.vn]
In the Lancet of December 1, 1888, Mackensie reported two patients operated on for perforated ulcers: one was a 35 year old alcoholic who presented with indefinite epigastric pain, one week followed by sudden acute pain, vomiting and collapse[23,72]. [wjgnet.com]
Collapse all Expand all Antecedentes La úlcera péptica es causa de dispepsia en cerca del 10% de los pacientes. El 95% de las úlceras duodenales y el 70% de las úlceras gástricas se asocian al Helicobacter pylori. [cochranelibrary.com]
- Feeding Difficulties
difficulties blood in vomit or bowel movements, which may appear dark red or black These signs and symptoms are common in many childhood illnesses and don't necessarily indicate an ulcer, but they should be reported to your doctor. [kidshealth.org]
[…] for bleeding As part of Helicobacter pylori eradication therapy Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD or GORD) including symptomatic endoscopy-negative reflux disease and associated laryngopharyngeal reflux causing laryngitis and chronic cough [en.wikipedia.org]
At the same time common infectious diseases such as whooping cough, tuberculosis, measles, and diarrheal disease all underwent rapid declines in incidence and death rates and other diseases increased in prevalence even to the point of appearing to be [wjgnet.com]
Less common symptoms include: Belching Nausea Vomiting Poor appetitie Weight loss Difficulty feeding Blood in the stools or vomit Feeling tired and weak A person of any age can get an ulcer. [giforkids.com]
Abstract Typical symptoms of duodenal ulcers include epigastric pain, nausea, vomiting, chest pain and shortness of breath. [ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Duodenal PTLD Endoscopic photograph of a large mass (M) visualized in a patient with vomiting and abdominal pain who previously had a renal transplant. [naspghan.org]
Abstract Typical symptoms of duodenal ulcers include epigastric pain, nausea, vomiting, chest pain and shortness of breath. [ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Sometimes there are no signs or symptoms of stomach cancer or duodenal or gastric ulcers, and when they do occur, they may include nausea and loss of appetite with no clear cause. [emedicinehealth.com]
Less common ulcer symptoms include: belching nausea vomiting poor appetite loss of weight feeling tired and weak [childrenshospital.org]
Less common symptoms include: belching a bloated feeling nausea, vomiting loss of appetite With a duodenal ulcer, nausea, vomiting, or pain that is worsened by eating usually indicate swelling or obstruction of the narrow channel that connects the stomach [health.harvard.edu]
[…] is more common than gastric ulcers. typically in age 25-30 what is duodenal ulcer associated with smoking alcholo NSAIDs H.pylori (85%) cyclical pain develops 1-3h after meal hunger pain and central back pain pain is relieved by eating or anatacids nausea [quizlet.com]
- Abdominal Pain
Intestinal Lymphangiectasia Endcoscopic photograph of the 3rd portion of the duodenum in a 15 yo who presented with abdominal pain and diarrhea. [naspghan.org]
Abstract A young man presented with a sudden onset of severe abdominal pain and vomiting. He also had shortness of breath with right-sided pleuritic chest pain. On examination he was found to have a rigid and diffusely tender abdomen. [ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Links: gastric ulcer (comparison with a duodenal ulcer) epigastric pain right hypochondrial pain abdominal pain relieved by food burning, boring abdominal pain haematemesis melaena right iliac fossa pain (RIF) [gpnotebook.com]
In the last 2 weeks, the patient suffered from abdominal pain and dyspepsia. Oesophagogastroduodenoscopy showed an ulcerative lesion of the duodenum due to traction of the jejunal tube; the end of the jejunal tube was wrapped in a phytobezoar. [ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
RIGHT: 48 year-old woman with hematemesis and melena. Endoscopy revealed a sentinel clot attached to an underlying ulcer in the duodenal bulb, with active bleeding. [endoatlas.com]
Gastrointestinal manifestations are commonly encountered, however hematemesis and gastric outlet obstruction are rarely reported. [ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
(CAL) Duodenal ulcers (NSAIDs) 4 yo male with long history of NSAID exposure secondary to recurrent otitis who presented with abdominal pain and hematemesis. Duodenal ulcer Duodenal ulcer. [naspghan.org]
[…] arteriolar occlusion as part of a longstanding vascular disease, seen especially in women in late middle age, and presenting as a red painful plaque on the lower limb or ankle that later breaks down into a superficial ulcer surrounded by a zone of purpuric erythema [medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]
Prompt diagnosis of duodenal ulcers is required to figure out the nature of the condition. A complete medical history is taken and a thorough physical examination conducted. The other diagnostics tests include:
Treatment regime is based on the cause of the duodenal ulcers. It is also dependent on the age of the individual and the extent of disease condition. Primary treatment is focused on medications to eliminate the bacterial infection.
In addition, individuals are put on acid suppressing drugs that work by suppressing the acid contents of the stomach. In the United States, the recommended primary treatment of Helicobacter pylori is proton pump inhibitor which also suppresses acid secretions . Patient should be put on bland diet and strictly advised against smoking. They are also advised to stay away from coffee to allow the medications to work.
If the ulcers have aggravated and are diagnosed at later stages then, surgery is often the preferred treatment plan. It is also the method of choice, when the patients do not respond to medications and lifestyle changes. The use of emergency transcatheter arterial embolization techniques has been successfully used in the control of acute duodenal ulcer hemorrhage .
With prompt diagnosis and timely medications, duodenal ulcers get better over time. If the cause of ulcers is infection, then antibiotics form the basis of the treatment plan. Prognosis of the disease is usually good if treatment is initiated quickly.
Meta-analysis studies have shown that duodenal ulcers bleeding dramatically lessens with prompt intravenous proton pump inhibitors after a successful endoscopic procedure . However, one must also understand the fact that modification in lifestyle factors and leading an active lifestyle is also necessary to prevent the recurrence of ulcers. Failure to do so can aggravate existing ulcers and slow down the healing process.
Untreated ulcers can turn life threatening causing the following complications:
- Gastrointestinal bleeding. Bleeding maybe induced by medications like aspirin, ibuprofen and spironolactone .
- Perforation due to untreated ulcers. This may further cause peritonitis characterized by inflammation of the cavity and wall of the abdomen.
- Inflammation and scarring of untreated ulcers can cause narrowing of the intestinal opening.
Causes of duodenal ulcer are many; however research has indicated that bacterial infection is the most common factor leading to development of ulcers. Other factors include:
- Infection due to Helicobacter pylori that weakens the mucous membrane making it susceptible to damage by acids and pepsin.
- Tea and coffee: Excessive consumption of these can also make one prone to develop duodenal ulcers. The substance present in these beverages is known to stimulate the production of acidic substances causing destruction of the mucous lining.
- Smoking is yet another causative factor for ulcers. It is also known to worsen existing ulcers and delay the healing process as well.
- Medications such as non–steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (like ibuprofen) also reduce the stomach’s natural ability to defend itself against the harmful effects of acid and pepsin even in children .
- Stress: Both physical and emotional also triggers the development of ulcers.
- Stomach contents: The incapacity of the stomach to protect itself against acid and pepsin also causes ulcers to develop.
- Previous history of duodenal ulcer or gastric ulcer predisposes one for relapse .
Duodenal ulcers are a common complaint amongst individuals of all age groups. It has been estimated that in the United States, as high as 25 million suffer from duodenal ulcers at least once in their life time. It has also been calculated that the health costs for treating ulcers that includes hospitalization, work loss and outpatient care costs about $5.65 billion in the United States.
Muslim nations who practice the Ramadan has an increased risk for duodenal ulcer due to the 24 hour daytime fasting practices during these days .
When food is consumed it passes down the esophageal canal and reaches the stomach. Once the food reaches the stomach, it produces acids that aids in the digestion process. The acid mixes with the food and reaches the duodenum wherein the organ produces enzymes for absorption of the digested food.
Under normal circumstances, the acid that is produced usually does not disturb the lining of the stomach as it is protected by a mucosal barrier. Also, there is certain amount of balance maintained between this mucosal barrier and the amount of acid produced. But, when this balance is disturbed, the corrosive nature of the stomach acids disrupts the mucosal lining causing ulcers.
In duodenal ulcer, histologic examinations have revealed that the acid-secreting parietal cells have doubled in size and have significantly increased basal acid output .
It is always best to prevent ulcers rather than getting it treated in the later stages. The following measures can be taken to prevent ulcers from developing:
- It is best to avoid non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. If one is at risk of developing ulcers then use of such drugs should be discontinued. A test for Helicobacter pylori should be conducted before taking these medications. If the result is positive it is best to discontinue these medications.
- Patients who must take low dose aspirin or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for other medical conditions may warrant the use proton pump inhibitors to prevent duodenal ulcers and gastro-intestinal bleeding .
- Modification of certain lifestyle factors can go a long way in preventing ulcers. These include cessation of smoking, drinking less tea and coffee and avoiding excessively spiced foods. Studies have shown that smoking increases the risk for duodenal ulcer relapse .
Ulcers are basically open sores that generally develop on the skin and mucous membrane. Such open sores that develop in the duodenum are termed as duodenal ulcers.
Ulcers that develop in the duodenum are termed as duodenal ulcers. These are common and about 25 million individuals of United States fall prey to this disease condition. Prompt diagnosis and treatment can correct the condition; however lifelong precautions are necessary to prevent recurrence of it.
Individuals with duodenal ulcers generally complain of burning sensation and pain in the abdomen. Other symptoms include weight loss, feeling of tiredness, and blood in stools, nausea, vomiting, chest pain and loss of appetite.
Complete physical examinations with X-rays of the abdomen are usually the diagnostic tools employed for confirming duodenal ulcers. In addition, endoscopy may also have to be carried out for studying the nature of the ulceration.
Treatment of duodenal ulcers generally depends on the nature and severity of the condition. In initial stages, the ulcers can be taken care of by modification in lifestyle factors and medications. Antibiotics to treat infection and acid suppressants are given for treating the ulcers. In more severe cases, operative procedures may have to be carried out for treating the ulcers.
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