Edit concept Question Editor Create issue ticket

Duodenitis

Duodenal Inflammation


Presentation

  • The epithelial cells may present various stages of degeneration. The serosa is usually only slightly[jamanetwork.com]
  • More pronounced neutrophilic inflammation, including cryptitis and crypt abscesses, can also be present.[archivesofpathology.org]
  • This management was under reciated according to data presented in the medical records of HUPES.[scielo.br]
  • Konjetzny, in 1924, declared that in every one of twenty-two cases of duodenal ulcer pronounced chronic, gastritis and duodenitis were present, and in 54.5 per cent of them there were also fine and coarse mucosal defects.[pubs.rsna.org]
  • […] causes, associated with dyspepsia Microscopic (histologic) description Increased plasma cells, edema, intraepithelial neutrophils Severe cases have villous atrophy, more neutrophils but fewer plasma cells Gastric metaplasia, Helicobacter pylori may be present[pathologyoutlines.com]
Pathologist
  • The biopsies are reviewed either by a pediatric pathologist with expertise in gastrointestinal pathology or by a gastro-intestinal pathologist.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • All blocks of biopsy selected as case were retrieved and reviewed by an experienced pathologist. Clinical, laboratorial and endoscopic data were collected.[scielo.br]
  • If the results of serologic testing for gluten sensitivity are not available to the pathologist evaluating a duodenal biopsy, this should be noted in the report, along with a statement that the histopathologic diagnosis of suspected celiac disease should[archivesofpathology.org]
Falling
  • Generally, a higher titer of anti-tTG antibodies indicates a higher probability of a true-positive test result. 7,15 A falling anti-tTG antibody titer parallels the elimination of gluten from the diet and largely obviates the need for additional duodenal[archivesofpathology.org]
Whipple Disease
  • Two cases of mycobacteria and a case of Whipple's disease were found and excluded, limiting the cases to protozoa and helminths.[scielo.br]
Localized Pain
  • The two conditions have many symptoms in common, but an intense, localized pain is much more likely to occur with an ulcer. A peptic ulcer also carries a higher risk of bleeding and cancer, and it can lead to stomach perforation.[medicalnewstoday.com]
Sepsis
  • Moreover, Kishimoto found the presence of sepsis in 12% of cases.[scielo.br]
Aspiration
  • […] with histologically normal areas intervening. 58 It is often impossible to distinguish bacterial overgrowth syndrome from celiac disease by morphology alone. 59 The definitive diagnosis of bacterial overgrowth can be made by culture of small intestine aspirates[archivesofpathology.org]
Abdominal Pain
  • She suffered from intractable abdominal pain and elected to undergo palliative celiac plexus neurolysis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Symptoms include vomiting and abdominal pain.[sideeffects.embl.de]
  • Duodenitis can lead to peptic ulcers and cause abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting. Keep in Mind Some causes of duodenitis disappear over time. Most cases of duodenitis can be treated effectively with medications or lifestyle and diet changes.[kidshealth.org]
  • You have severe abdominal pain. You have bloody or black, tarry bowel movements or vomit. When should I contact my healthcare provider? You have new or worsening symptoms, even after treatment.[drugs.com]
Dyspepsia
  • Dyspepsia management guidelines. Links: duodenal ulcer[gpnotebook.co.uk]
  • Definition / general Inflammation of duodenum due to various causes, associated with dyspepsia Microscopic (histologic) description Increased plasma cells, edema, intraepithelial neutrophils Severe cases have villous atrophy, more neutrophils but fewer[pathologyoutlines.com]
  • Duodenitis in 7% of children was associated with features of functional dyspepsia and functional abdominal pain.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Flatulence
  • […] years. 9 Many individuals with celiac disease are asymptomatic (latent celiac disease) or minimally symptomatic (occult celiac disease), whereas others may present with a wide variety of symptoms, including diarrhea, steatorrhea, weight loss, bloating, flatulence[archivesofpathology.org]
Cutaneous Manifestation
  • manifestation of celiac disease, as 75% to 90% of patients with this skin condition have either symptomatic or latent celiac disease. 10 Almost all patients with dermatitis herpetiformis will have positive serologic testing for anti–tissue transglutaminase[archivesofpathology.org]
Neglect
  • Indeed, in 11 cases of HUPES, 80% of patients had stool sample examination positive for the agent found in biopsy, showing that intestinal parasitosis are a common neglected differential diagnosis.[scielo.br]
Burning Sensation
  • Symptoms Gastritis and duodenitis can cause a burning sensation in the stomach. Some cases of gastritis and duodenitis cause no symptoms, and doctors may only find and diagnose the issue while looking for other digestive disorders.[medicalnewstoday.com]

Workup

Helicobacter Pylori
  • ‘Endoscopy is useful in evaluating symptoms of pain, dysphagia, and hematemesis, and to differentiate GERD from peptic ulcer disease, Helicobacter pylori infection, gastritis, and duodenitis.’[lexico.com]
  • pylori may be present Microscopic (histologic) images Images hosted on other servers: Back to top[pathologyoutlines.com]
  • pylori : considered the most common infectious cause giardiasis tropical sprue Others NSAIDs alcohol diverticulitis gastric hypersecretion ectopic gastrinoma ( Zollinger-Ellison syndrome ) Radiographic features Findings include thickening of folds (if[radiopaedia.org]
  • […] n J 2013 45 Herpes simplex virus duodenitis accompanying Crohn's disease. ( 24262595 ) Lee BH...Jin SY 2013 46 Co-existence of Sarcina Organisms and Helicobacter pylori Gastritis/Duodenitis in Pediatric Siblings. ( 25664331 ) Sauter JL...Wilcox RL 2013[malacards.org]
  • Causes of duodenitis The most common cause of duodenitis is infection by Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) bacteria. Another common cause is long-term use of NSAIDs (such as aspirin and ibuprofen).[vidanthealth.com]

Treatment

  • The success of each treatment and the recovery time will depend on the underlying cause and whether or not the individual can follow their treatment plan.[medicalnewstoday.com]
  • Your symptoms may go away without treatment. You may need treatment if your symptoms are severe or become chronic. Treatment will depend on what is causing your duodenitis. Your healthcare provider may recommend changes to the medicines you take.[drugs.com]
  • […] health care provider can tell you more about what treatments are needed.[vidanthealth.com]
  • The treatment for duodenitis is usually based on treating the accompanying condition. Therefore the treatment could involve such varied remedies as using antacids, a proton pump inhibitor or a combination of antibiotics.[irishhealth.com]
  • They can help determine the cause and get you the treatment you need.[healthline.com]

Etiology

  • Etiology of duodenitis was correlated with the patient's clinical diagnosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Pathology Etiology A duodenitis can result from both intrinsic processes within the duodenum as well as from processes occuring outside the duodendum. It can occur from infective as well as non-infective inflammatory processes.[radiopaedia.org]
  • Thus, the etiology of duodenitis is more complex than previously believed.[kjim.org]
  • Then the positive cases were selected according to the description of the presence of parasites, either as eggs or larvae in any portion of the duodenum and others etiologies were excluded.[scielo.br]

Epidemiology

  • Epidemiological data are poor and, in most cases, all gastroenteritis are displayed together. Thereby, the relevance of works outlining the parasitic duodenitis profile is clear.[scielo.br]
  • Binding of deamidated gluten to human leukocyte antigen (HLA) on antigen-presenting cells in the duodenal lamina propria triggers a gliadin-specific, CD4 T-lymphocyte–mediated immune response. 11 Genetic predisposition is an important determinant of the epidemiology[archivesofpathology.org]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Prevention

  • ‘A 67-year-old woman was prescribed ticlopidine for the primary prevention of heart disease after endoscopy revealed severe erosive gastritis and duodenitis caused by aspirin therapy.’[lexico.com]
  • To prevent dehydration, drink plenty of fluids. Choose water and other caffeine-free clear liquids until you feel better.[myhealth.alberta.ca]
  • A doctor should examine you to make an accurate diagnosis to prevent more severe damage to the stomach. They can also determine whether or not medication may resolve the issue.[medicalnewstoday.com]
  • What can I do to manage or prevent duodenitis? Do not smoke. Nicotine and other chemicals in cigarettes and cigars can cause blood vessel and lung damage. Ask your healthcare provider for information if you currently smoke and need help to quit.[drugs.com]
  • Antacid options include: calcium carbonate (Tums) magnesium hydroxide (milk of magnesia) calcium carbonate and magnesium hydroxide (Rolaids) Antacids can prevent your body from absorbing other medications, so it’s recommended you take antacids at least[healthline.com]

Ask Question

5000 Characters left Format the text using: # Heading, **bold**, _italic_. HTML code is not allowed.
By publishing this question you agree to the TOS and Privacy policy.
• Use a precise title for your question.
• Ask a specific question and provide age, sex, symptoms, type and duration of treatment.
• Respect your own and other people's privacy, never post full names or contact information.
• Inappropriate questions will be deleted.
• In urgent cases contact a physician, visit a hospital or call an emergency service!