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Dysphoric Mood

Dysphoria


Presentation

  • Duration: Criteria A-C have been present for at least 12 months. Throughout that time, the person has never been without the symptoms of Criteria A-C for more than 3 months at a time. E.[psychcentral.com]
  • CONCLUSION: The results of the present study indicate that a specific gait pattern characterizes individuals in dysphoric mood.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Participants were presented with each of the scenario endings in one of eight pseudo-random orders such that no two endings from the sample scenario were presented consecutively (to reduce any carry-over effects).[journals.plos.org]
Fatigue
  • Major depressive disorder, five or more criteria • Decreased appetite or loss of weight; • Decreased concentration; • Decreased interest-in pleasurable activities; • Dysphoric mood—sad, anxious, irritable; • Fatigue or decreased energy; • Guilt or excessive[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]
  • Some of the symptoms of PMS include: Bloating Headaches Irritability Weight gain Food cravings Mood swings Fatigue Breast tenderness Tearfulness.[mooddisorders.ca]
  • Symptoms of dysphoric depression can include extreme fatigue, irritability, feelings of guilt and anxiety, and panic attacks.[study.com]
  • We've all experienced the rollercoaster that is PMS : snappy outbursts, crying spells, insomnia, fatigue, breast tenderness, abdominal pain, bloating , headaches, potato chip cravings…it’s a wild ride.[womenshealthmag.com]
  • The maximum change score from baseline was calculated for Tension-Anxiety, Confusion, and Fatigue.[nature.com]
Weight Gain
  • Some of the symptoms of PMS include: Bloating Headaches Irritability Weight gain Food cravings Mood swings Fatigue Breast tenderness Tearfulness.[mooddisorders.ca]
  • Signs and symptoms of PMS Bloating Headaches Irritability Weight gain Food cravings Mood swings Fatigue Breast tenderness Tearfulness Every woman affected by PMS will present a different combination of some of these symptoms.[checkupfromtheneckup.ca]
  • Physical symptoms such as breast tenderness or swelling, joint or muscle pain, a sensation of “bloating” or weight gain. The above symptoms must have been met for most menstrual cycles that occurred in the preceding year. 4.[psychcentral.com]
  • It may cause side-effects (such as weight gain, excess hair, acne and a deeper voice) so it is not used very often.[patient.co.uk]
  • Herbal Relief ProSoothe herbal formula contains synergistic herbs chaste tree, wild yam, dandelion, bupleurum which act together to respond to hormonal changes, helping a woman with bloating, weight gain, cramps, irritablility, depression and headaches[womenlivingnaturally.com]
Infectious Mononucleosis
  • ., Addision’s disease, Cushing’s disease), hypothyroidism, infectious mononucleosis, influenza, malnutrition, multiple sclerosis, drugs (e.g., alpha-methyldopa, benzodiazepines, cimetidine, clonidine, corticosteroids, INH, OCs, propranolol, reserpine,[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]
Acute Intermittent Porphyria
  • DiffDx AIDS, acute intermittent porphyria, amphetamine withdrawal, CA, endocrine disease (e.g., Addision’s disease, Cushing’s disease), hypothyroidism, infectious mononucleosis, influenza, malnutrition, multiple sclerosis, drugs (e.g., alpha-methyldopa[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]
Italian
  • The SVARAD (acronym for the Italian name 'Scala per la VAlutazione RApida Dimensionale', i.e. scale for rapid dimensional assessment) is a 10-item instrument specifically developed for the rapid assessment of the main psychopathological dimensions [ 22[cpementalhealth.biomedcentral.com]
Blurred Vision
  • vision; I feel sleepy; I am having difficulty concentrating; I have muscle pain; I am yawning; I feel energetic; I have a runny nose; I feel jittery; I feel content; I have a headache; I have flu-like symptoms; I am sweating; I am having trouble sleeping[nature.com]
Withdrawn
  • This form of dysphoria is typically associated with people with withdrawn personalities that are experiencing major depressive episodes.[study.com]
  • Ladies become forgetful, distracted, withdrawn, clumsy, unable to make simple decisions, hopeless, easy to anger, frustrated.... Some can't bear loud noises or anything repetitive.[meetmypmdd.blogspot.com]
  • We had expected that realism, or an improved awareness of the causal effectiveness of actions, would result in less of a decrement in performance when reinforcement was withdrawn.[journal.frontiersin.org]
  • I feel suicidal; I have gooseflesh; I have stomach pain; I feel forgetful; I feel mellow; my heart is pounding or beating faster than usual; I feel clumsy; I have numbness or tingling in my extremities; noises or sound seem louder than usual; I feel withdrawn[nature.com]
Fidgeting
  • Dictonary.com describes Dysphoria as: dys·pho·ri·a [dis-fawr-ee-uh, -fohr-] noun Pathology: a state of dissatisfaction, anxiety, restlessness, or fidgeting.[meetmypmdd.blogspot.com]
Headache
  • Some of the symptoms of PMS include: Bloating Headaches Irritability Weight gain Food cravings Mood swings Fatigue Breast tenderness Tearfulness.[mooddisorders.ca]
  • We've all experienced the rollercoaster that is PMS : snappy outbursts, crying spells, insomnia, fatigue, breast tenderness, abdominal pain, bloating , headaches, potato chip cravings…it’s a wild ride.[womenshealthmag.com]
  • Signs and symptoms of PMS Bloating Headaches Irritability Weight gain Food cravings Mood swings Fatigue Breast tenderness Tearfulness Every woman affected by PMS will present a different combination of some of these symptoms.[checkupfromtheneckup.ca]
  • Changes in diet Regular exercise Stress management Vitamin supplements Anti-inflammatory medicines Some over-the-counter pain relievers such as aspirin , ibuprofen , and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs ( NSAIDs ) may help some symptoms such as headache[webmd.com]
Clumsiness
  • Ladies become forgetful, distracted, withdrawn, clumsy, unable to make simple decisions, hopeless, easy to anger, frustrated.... Some can't bear loud noises or anything repetitive.[meetmypmdd.blogspot.com]
  • I’m anxious and clumsy. I make stupid mistakes and I feel like everyone hates me.” Another says, “It’s more debilitating than people imagine. It’s not just a little bit of a bellyache and a bad mood.”[medium.com]
  • […] unmotivated; I feel restless; I have the chills; I am dreaming more; I feel nauseous; I have been vomiting; I feel suicidal; I have gooseflesh; I have stomach pain; I feel forgetful; I feel mellow; my heart is pounding or beating faster than usual; I feel clumsy[nature.com]
Behavior Problem
  • Dysphoria, parenting stress, child behavior problems, and maladaptive parenting were positively correlated with EA. Further, EA mediated the relationship between dysphoria and parenting stress.[eric.ed.gov]
  • Dysphoria, parenting stress, child behavior problems and maladaptive parenting were positively correlated with EA. Further, EA mediated the relationship between dysphoria and parenting stress.[contextualscience.org]
Screaming
  • With arms full of groceries, I ran as fast as I could and screamed his name in desperation. I never heard from him again.[medium.com]

Workup

  • Laboratory studies should include the following: Thyroid function tests Complete blood count (CBC) Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) level See Workup for more detail.[emedicine.medscape.com]
Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2
  • The intervention also decreased herpes simplex virus-Type 2 (HSV-2) immunoglobulin G antibody titers. The control group showed no significant changes in either mood or antibody titers.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Treatment

  • Early intervention is often key to treatment success. Thanks for your feedback![bipolar.about.com]
  • Many individuals seek treatment or are recommended for treatment after showing signs of dysphoria, to avoid the risk of suicide or self-harm.[wisegeekhealth.com]
  • The data collected may also be linked with data from other PMD protocols (e.g., DNA, psychophysiology tests, treatment studies, etc.) for the purposes of better understanding the diagnosis, pathophysiology, and treatment response of women with PMD.[clinicaltrials.gov]
  • Finally, while women with PMDD may benefit from serotonin antidepressant treatment, many women discontinue treatment or request treatments that better target the hormonal causes of the disorder.[sciencedaily.com]

Prognosis

  • What is the outlook (prognosis)? How troublesome or otherwise PMS is seems to fluctuate. So there may be times in your life when you are not affected by it, and other times when it is very severe.[patient.co.uk]
  • Pain featured most highly in a sample of Chinese women in Hong Kong. [16] Prognosis PMDD is a multifactorial syndrome that occurs with varying degrees of severity and thus may have a range of potential adverse effects on work, social activities, and interpersonal[emedicine.medscape.com]

Etiology

  • Some are classified in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders , Fifth Edition (DSM-5) by specific symptoms: Others are classified by etiology: Depressive disorder due to another medical condition Substance/medication-induced depressive[msdmanuals.com]
  • […] complications/epidemiology — Humans — Mental Disorders/complications/epidemiology — Mentally Ill Persons/psychology/statistics & numerical data — Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological/complications/epidemiology — Sexual Dysfunctions, Psychological/epidemiology/etiology[archive-ouverte.unige.ch]
  • Premenstrual disorders: prevalence, etiology and impact. Journal of Reproductive Medicine ; 51(4 Suppl):339-347 Yonkers, K. A., & Casper, R. F. (2018, January 15).[womensmentalhealth.org]
  • Primary and secondary dysmenorrhea, premenstrual syndrome, and premenstrual dysphoric disorder: etiology, diagnosis, management. In: Lobo RA, Gershenson DM, Lentz GM, Valea FA, eds. Comprehensive Gynecology . 7th ed.[medlineplus.gov]
  • Stressful life events and previous episodes in the etiology of major depression in women: an evaluation of the “kindling” hypothesis. Am J Psychiatry . 2000;157(8):1243-1251. 10. Feighner JP, Robins E, Guze SB, Woodruff RA, Winokur G, Munoz R.[medicographia.com]

Epidemiology

  • Keywords Feeding and Eating Disorders/complications/epidemiology — Humans — Mental Disorders/complications/epidemiology — Mentally Ill Persons/psychology/statistics & numerical data — Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological/complications/epidemiology — Sexual[archive-ouverte.unige.ch]
  • Angelo Picardi 2 , Azzurra Speca 1 , Valerio Orlandi 1 , Lorenzo Tarsitani 1 , Pierluigi Morosini 2 , Isabella Cascavilla 2 and Massimo Biondi 1 Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health 2007 3 :3 Pasquini et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.[cpementalhealth.biomedcentral.com]
  • United States statistics Epidemiologic studies indicate that as many as 80% of women in the United States experience emotional, behavioral, or physical premenstrual symptoms. [9] Between 3% and 8% of women meet the diagnostic criteria for PMDD.[emedicine.medscape.com]
  • Bromberger, Departments of Epidemiology and Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh, 3811 O’Hara Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 (e-mail: brombergerjt@upmc.edu ). TABLE 1.[aje.oxfordjournals.org]
  • Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology, 42(1): 57-60 [ CR ] [ PM ] [ EČ ][ GS ] Baldassin, S., de Alves, T.C.T.F., de Andrade, A.G., Nogueira, M.L.A. (2008) The characteristics of depressive symptoms in medical students during medical education[scindeks.ceon.rs]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that the pathophysiology in neural-hormonal responses to negative affective stimuli is shared across healthy and clinical populations and varies as a function of sex and dysphoric mood.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The relevance of changes in ovarian steroids in the pathophysiology of menstrually-regulated mood disorders (MRMD [the term Premenstrual Dysphoria (PMD) will be employed in the text instead of MRMD] remains to be fully characterized.[clinicaltrials.gov]
  • View Article PubMed Google Scholar Lyndenmayer JP: The pathophysiology of agitation. J Clin Psychiatry. 2000, 61 (14): 5-10.[cpementalhealth.biomedcentral.com]
  • Pathophysiology and Etiology Major theories developed to explain the pathophysiology of PMDD include the following [5] : Ovarian hormone hypothesis Serotonin hypothesis Psychosocial hypothesis Cognitive and social learning theory Sociocultural theory[emedicine.medscape.com]

Prevention

  • Prevention of relapse/recurrence in major depression by Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology , 68 , 615–623. CrossRef PubMed Google Scholar Velten, E. (1968).[link.springer.com]
  • Major depression is disabling and prevents a person from functioning normally. An episode of major depression may occur only once in a person's lifetime, but more often, it recurs throughout a person's life. Q.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]
  • Surgery to remove the womb and both ovaries (hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy) also prevents ovulation and will cure PMS, although is a drastic option.[patient.co.uk]
  • If you or someone you know is considering suicide, get help from a crisis or suicide prevention hotline. Try the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 800-273-8255. Bipolar disorder isn’t fully understood, and no single cause has been identified.[healthline.com]
  • Can PMDD be prevented? Since PMDD is thought to result from interactions between ovarian hormones and neurotransmitters in the brain, there is no known way to prevent its occurrence.[medicinenet.com]

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