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Endoscopy

Endoscopy ( Scopy)


Presentation

  • Meckel's diverticulum is present in 2% of the general population and its inverted presentation is rare. The most frequent complications are gastrointestinal hemorrhage, obstruction, intussusception and perforation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • CASE PRESENTATION: Here, we present a case of a 42-year-old female patient with esophageal leiomyoma who was initially diagnosed with achalasia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • They are less commonly detected in remaining gastrointestinal tract, and when present, metastatic origin must always rule out.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • CASE PRESENTATION: We describe an 18 year old male who first presented with cutaneous atrophic papulosis but became critically ill from small bowel microperforations. He had an almost immediate and dramatic response to treatment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The EUS characteristics initially led to the suspicion of digestive neuroendocrine tumors, since MCL presenting as submucosal tumors on EUS is rarely reported.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
El Salvador
  • The Atlas of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy endoatlas.com El Salvador Atlas of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Gastrolab: Site in English, Swedish and Finnish with gastrointestinal endoscopy photolibrary Preventing cross-contamination from flexible endoscopes[en.wikipedia.org]
Chest Discomfort
  • We present a 74-year-old man who arrived to the emergency department with substernal chest discomfort that began shortly after upper and lower endoscopy the previous day.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Intestinal Disease
  • Ensuing therapeutic interventions were mostly medical (66%), and to a minor extent surgical (4.4%) as well as endoscopic (4%).In conclusion, small intestinal CE is a secure method to clarify small intestinal diseases, especially obscure gastrointestinal[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Epigastric Tenderness
  • Physical examination revealed abdominal distension with mild epigastric tenderness.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Right Upper Quadrant Pain
  • We present 2 cases of DCF from a hepatic flexure adenocarcinoma demonstrated initially by endoscopy. 2 adult male patients were admitted due to a 2-3-month history of right-upper quadrant pain, vomiting, diarrhoea and a palpable right upper quadrant mass[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Diplopia
  • A 54-year-old woman presented orbital floor fracture with diplopia and extraocular muscle entrapment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Leg Pain
  • The VAS score for leg pain improved from 7.5 1 to 1.7 0.9. The ODI improved from 70 8.3 to 23 5.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Skin Lesion
  • Patients typically present with distinctive skin lesions reflective of vascular drop out. The small bowel is the most common internal organ involved, resulting in considerable morbidity and mortality attributable to ischemic microperforations.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Thin Skin
  • This in turn increases fracture comminution requiring placement of additional hardware associated with the risk for bony malalignment, infection, plate palpability, and visibility, especially in thin-skin individuals.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Distractibility
  • distraction alone and visual distraction alone were effective, a combination distraction was more effective than any other distraction by subjective and objective assessments.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Radiculopathy
  • Clinical examination showed a bilateral L5 radiculopathy with normal perianal sensation. Investigations excluded other causes of bilateral foot drop.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • A total of 184 consecutive patients with unilateral lower limb radiculopathy due to lumbar disc prolapse were operated on with the mobile outside-in technique of PETLD.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Foot Drop
  • A 46-year-old male presented with sudden-onset severe back pain with bilateral foot drop. Clinical examination showed a bilateral L5 radiculopathy with normal perianal sensation. Investigations excluded other causes of bilateral foot drop.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Workup

  • Cardiac workup was otherwise negative; the patient improved with conservative measures. In this case report, we describe a little known complication after upper endoscopy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • CE should be performed early in the workup course of OGIB. Positive CE findings enhance the diagnostic yield of subsequent DBE, and the effective therapeutic intervention improves the clinical outcomes of OGIB patients.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Treatment

  • Cyanoacrylate glue injection is an effective treatment for acute bleeding of gastric and ectopic varices.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The use of endoscope may improve the treatment; however, it is a high-sensitivity technique.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Endoscopy-assisted Coblation appears to be a safe, effective, and less painful option for the treatment of nasopharyngeal stenosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Surgical treatment was tailored individually upon the basis of sleep endoscopy findings: performance of any surgery other than tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy (T&A) was considered as a change of the treatment plan.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Surgery has been most commonly used for the treatment of oesophageal inflammatory myofibroblastic tumours but there are no definite guidelines for their diagnosis and treatment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Prognosis

  • Tumor location within the head and neck predispose to its benign character and improves prognosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Compared with NETs, NECs have been reported to be rarer and have a poorer prognosis. We present a rare case of small bowel NEC diagnosed using double-balloon endoscopy (DBE) and the long-term survival accomplished via intensive therapy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Primary malignant melanoma of the esophagus (PMME) is a rare disease with an extremely poor prognosis. In contrast, melanocytosis is a benign condition defined as melanocytic proliferation with melanin deposition.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • We herein present this case to suggest clinician to include MCL in the differential diagnosis of submucosal intestinal lesions, as early diagnosis and timely treatment may improve patient prognosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Primary signet ring cell adenocarcinoma is a rarely histopathological variety of adenocarcinoma with poor prognosis, usually identified in esophageal or gastric locations (95%).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Etiology

  • The chest pain, odynophagia, dysphagia, and perhaps the motor abnormalities of DES may be simulated in persons with drug-induced esophageal disease and infectious esophagitis such as those of monillal and viral etiology.[hon.ch]
  • The aim of this study was to examine the differences in the etiology of gastrointestinal bleeding and management of antithrombotic agents during endoscopic procedures between Japan and other Asian countries (OAC).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Epidemiology

  • INCLUSIVE of 55,- examination fee exclusive of VAT Subject areas covered according to the framework curriculum of the German/Swiss Society of Sterile Supply: Introduction Statutory and normative foundations Principles of microbiology and epidemiology[mmmgroup.com]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • The etiology and pathophysiology of these disorders is poorly understood and is not discoverable by endoscopy. Therefore, the role of endoscopy is to search for conditions that either may simulate or provoke true idiopathic disorders of motility.[hon.ch]

Prevention

  • He had hypertension and dyslipidemia for several years, and was taking aspirin to prevent heart disease. CT and colonoscopy revealed a diverticulum in the third portion of the duodenum, rectal polyps, and internal hemorrhoids.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • METHODS: Clear gel with the appropriate viscosity to prevent rapid mixing is injected through the accessory channel, instead of water. A vinyl tube was used as an in vitro GI bleeding model.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Laparotomy view also prevented of injury to the pouch itself and entrapment of the mesentery of the afferent and efferent limbs of the pouch between the stapler anvils. 2016 Japan Society for Endoscopic Surgery, Asia Endosurgery Task Force and John Wiley[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • However, the use of endoscopes may help to prevent injury.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • […] enabled us to clearly image the relationship among the bulging septum, the expected myectomy area, and the structures deep in the left ventricle, such as the papillary muscle and abnormal muscular bundles, which are hidden by the hypertrophic septum, thus preventing[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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