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Enema

Giving Patient Enema


Presentation

  • The first child presented with abdominal pain and difficulty intubating the ACE site. Over the subsequent day, his pain worsened, and radiographs depicted a colonic obstruction.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Patients who had undergone barium enema were more likely to present a higher Hinchey grade at recurrence than that observed in the index presentation (30.8% vs 9.1%, P 0.024).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The predictor variable included duration of presenting symptoms. RESULTS: Successful treatment by hydrostatic saline enemas had 58/102 (57%) patients.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The aim of this paper was to present a brief review of Avicenna's 11th century views on bowel obstruction and to present his description of an enema device that has remained relatively unnoticed until now.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Acute renal failure was present in all patients. Two patients required urgent hemodialysis. Five patients died (45%). One patient was autopsied. Calcium-phosphate deposition within the renal tubular lumens was found.[doi.org]
Wound Infection
  • Pelvic abscess formation (6% vs 2%, P 0.63) and wound infection (8% vs 15%, P 0.55) were also comparable.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Developmental Delay
  • Children with developmental delay often display bowel dysfunction and chronic constipation and are therefore high-risk patients. The accepted opinion-that these enemas are not absorbed and therefore systemically inactive-is not true.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Workup

Multiple Colonic Polyps
  • A 61-year-old woman with diarrhoea had multiple filling defects on a barium enema and was assumed to have multiple colonic polyps. However, colonoscopy showed colonic varices and relatively few true polyps.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Treatment

  • The control group applied basic treatment plan. The observational group applied the same treatment combined with somatostatin retained enema, conducted twice every day and at least 30 minutes every time. Every 7 days' treatment made a course.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The treatment of choice is nonoperative hydrostatic or air enema reduction.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • This treatment is not illegal at the moment but we need to get rid of it,’ said the mother-of-six.[metro.co.uk]
  • BACKGROUND: Antegrade continence enema is a proximal colonic stoma that allows antegrade lavage of the colon for the treatment of fecal incontinence and functional constipation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • These findings suggest that YXJ enema may be an alternative treatment of ARIP.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Prognosis

  • No patient had poor prognosis because of delayed treatment. CONCLUSION: Intussusception patients older than 1 year tend to have greater early recurrence rate after pneumatic enema reduction; 92.1% of the early recurrent cases happened in 48 h.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Etiology

  • Data collected included age, sex, weight (obese/not obese), stomal location, presence of a permanent button/catheter in the stoma, open vs. laparoscopic surgery, and etiology of fecal incontinence/constipation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Vata is the main etiological factor in the manifestation of diseases. It is the motive force behind the elimination and retention of feces, urine, bile and other excreta.[chakrapaniayurveda.com]
  • Both Hippocrates and later Galen viewed " autointoxication " as a major etiologic factor of disease (1).[jcge.com]
  • TREATMENT OF GASTROINTESTINAL DISEASES: INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASE Specific infectious agents, such as Mycobacterium paratuberculosis and invasive E. coli, have been etiologically linked to Crohn's disease, however, isolation of a causative pathogen is[journals.lww.com]

Epidemiology

  • Author information 1 From the *Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, †The Hope Clinic of the Emory Vaccine Center, Emory University School of Medicine; and ‡Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Hiltermann JT, Lapperre TS, van Bree L, Steerenberg PA, Brahim JJ, Sont JK, Sterk PJ, Hiemstra PS, Stolk J: Ozoneinduced inflammation assessed in sputum and bronchial lavage fluid from asthmatics; a new noninvasive tool in epidemiologic studies on air[springerlink.com]
  • Clinical practice guidelines for Clostridium difficile infection in adults: 2010 update by the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America (SHEA) and the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA).[journals.lww.com]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • It is emphasised that although TAI can be used in the treatment of several disorders, the pathophysiology, being both different and having a wide spectrum of severity, may sometimes warrant other therapeutic interventions than TAI.[doi.org]

Prevention

  • We identified the risk factors for complications and effective preventive measures for treating complications after TRUS biopsy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • ABs given during or before the procedure prevent this complication. Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • We review the literature on this rare, but serious, complication of barium enema examination and suggest measures by which intravasation can be prevented.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • We recommend the use of alternative enema preparations, such as simple tap water or saline solution enemas, which can prevent fatal complications in high risk patients.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Although diet and nutrition are recognized as important adjuncts in cancer therapy, 1 conventional medicine rejects the concept of cancer therapy relying solely on dietary changes, and unlicensed practitioners of such therapy have been discouraged or prevented[doi.org]

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