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Enterococcus

Enterococcus Species


Presentation

  • These bacteria-reactive responses were not primarily induced by TLR ligand, but were dependent on the presence of antigen-presenting monocytes, and were MHC class I-restricted.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • We report the case of an 80-year-old pacemaker-dependent female patient with complete heart block, who presented with subfebrile temperatures and chills due to a pacemaker lead infection by Enterococcus faecalis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Origin Indigenous Geo Schema Political Region Geo Region New Zealand Occurrence Present Scientific Name Authority (ex Thiercelin & Jouhaud 1903) Schleifer & Kilpper-Bälz Rank genus Year 1984 Governing Code ICNB Is Recombination Yes Taxon Concept NZOR[nzor.org.nz]
  • We describe a 87-year-old Caucasian male who presented with a MAAP of the right leg due to an enterococcus mitral valve endocarditis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • 78-year-old G2P2 with Stage III uterovaginal prolapse and genuine stress urinary incontinence who underwent laparoscopic-assisted vaginal hysterectomy, high uterosacral ligament suspension, tension-free vaginal tape-obturator approach, and cystoscopy presented[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Fever
  • LESSONS: This case indicated that EGM could also occur in neonate and fever could be the only obvious manifestation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The patient developed fever with chills on the second postoperative day. The blood cultures of the patient showed growth of Enterococcus faecium for which he was given vancomycin.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Common symptoms include episodic low-grade fever and chills, headache and body aches, night sweats and fatigue.[livestrong.com]
  • You have a fever. You have new symptoms. Your symptoms do not improve with treatment. You have questions or concerns about your condition or care. Care Agreement You have the right to help plan your care.[drugs.com]
Chills
  • We report the case of an 80-year-old pacemaker-dependent female patient with complete heart block, who presented with subfebrile temperatures and chills due to a pacemaker lead infection by Enterococcus faecalis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The patient developed fever with chills on the second postoperative day. The blood cultures of the patient showed growth of Enterococcus faecium for which he was given vancomycin.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Common symptoms include episodic low-grade fever and chills, headache and body aches, night sweats and fatigue.[livestrong.com]
  • If you get sick from VRE, you might have these symptoms: fever general sick feeling fast heart rate redness, swelling, or pain in your body chills Most VRE infections happen in people who are in the hospital.[healthline.com]
  • They can include: fever chills fatigue headache abdominal pain pain or burning when you urinate nausea vomiting diarrhea fast breathing or shortness of breath chest pain when you breathe stiff neck swollen, red, tender, or bleeding gums Related infections[healthline.com]
Hypertension
  • […] patient was an 84-year-old woman, a nursing home resident with underlying medical problems including tracheostomy for ventilator-dependent end-stage chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, chronic indwelling Foley catheter, atherosclerotic heart disease, hypertension[journals.lww.com]
Jaundice
  • The patient was doing well during follow-up with the subsidence of the jaundice and Iiver enzymes.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Workup

  • , a system involved in regulation of the cell stress response. 29 These mutations are frequently found in E. faecium possessing MIC values of 2–4 mg/L. 16 It is possible that several of these isolates may possess these mutations, and further genetic workup[academic.oup.com]
Gram-Positive Bacteria
  • […] en·tero·coc·cus \ ˌen-tə-rō-ˈkä-kəs \ plural enterococci \ ˌen-tə-rō-ˈkäk-ˌ(s)ī , -ˈkäk-(ˌ)(s)ē \ Definition of enterococcus : any of a genus ( Enterococcus ) of gram-positive bacteria that resemble streptococci and were formerly classified with them[merriam-webster.com]
  • En·ter·o·coc·cus ( en'ter-ō-kok'ŭs ) Genus of facultatively anaerobic, generally nonmotile, non-spore-forming, gram-positive bacteria.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]
  • It is a gram positive bacteria, which means that it has a rigid outer cell wall (gram positive means that it is stained by gram staining, which only happens if the bacteria has this rigid wall).[sciencing.com]
  • Explore these free sample topics: -- The first section of this topic is shown below -- MICROBIOLOGY Enterococci are facultative anaerobic, Gram-positive bacteria in short chains; may grow under extreme conditions, i.e., 6.5% NaCl, pH 9.6, temperature[hopkinsguides.com]
Hepatocellular Carcinoma
  • KEYWORDS: CD8( ) T cell; HBV-related hepatocellular carcinoma; Microbiome[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Treatment

  • The relacin (14 mM) and NaOCl combined treatment resulted in significantly higher treatment efficacy than NaOCl treatment alone. At 0.05% NaOCl, the combined treatment resulted in 5.65 ( 0.19) log reduction in biofilm viability.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • A Charlson comorbidity score 5, corticosteroid treatment, placement of catheters or other prosthetic devices and history of antibiotic use were found more frequently in E. faecium BSI patients than in E. faecalis patients (P 0.017, P 0.027, P 0.008 and[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • In contrast to ampicillin treatment, the effect of vancomycin treatment on the microbiota was less uniform among individual mice.[doi.org]
  • It remains controversial whether enterococci warrant an altered treatment approach with regard to antimicrobial treatment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Abstract: Background: Post-treatment apical periodontitis are persistent infections in tissues surrounding teeth roots, which are the consequence of an endodontic treatment failure.[eurekaselect.com]

Prognosis

  • Septicaemia with E. casseliflavus portends a poorer prognosis, and treatment usually involves administration of antienterococcal beta-lactams or anti-VRE medications such as linezolid or daptomycin.[casereports.bmj.com]
  • Reasons for not performing colonoscopy were poor clinical status or prognosis irrespective of colonic disease or refusal of the patients or relatives.[revespcardiol.org]
  • Intravitreal Corticosteroids 11 (79) NR NR Visual Acuity Outcomes 20/50 1 (7) 2 (7) 3 (23) 20/400 1 (7) 5 (17) 7 (54) 13 (93) 24 (83) 6 (46) Enucleation/Evisceration 2 (14) 1 (3) 0 (0) The tissue destructive effects of E. faecalis may explain the worse visual prognosis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • What is the prognosis of a vancomycin-resistant enterococcal (VRE) infection? VRE infections can be cured in most patients, and the outcome is often more dependent on the underlying disease than on the infecting organism.[medicinenet.com]

Etiology

  • These secondary diseases are mainly caused by etiological pathogens from endodontic origin, especially Enterococcus feacalis and Candida albicans.[eurekaselect.com]
  • This latter species has scarcely been found in clinical samples and even less frequently as etiologic agent of endocarditis (8) .[scielo.org.ar]
  • Clinical presentation, etiology, and outcome of infective endocarditis in the 21st century: the International Collaboration on Endocarditis-Prospective Cohort Study. Arch Intern Med . 2009 ; 169 :463–473. Crossref Medline Google Scholar 2.[ahajournals.org]
  • General Concepts Microbemia Etiology Gram-negative enteric bacilli, Staphylococcus aureus , and Streptococcus pneumoniae are the most common pathogens in the United States.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Mayor trends in the microbial etiology of nosocomial infection. Am J Med 91;(suppl 3B):72S-75S. [ Links ] 2. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Nosocomial enterococci resistant to vancomycin-United States, 1989-1993.[scielo.org.mx]

Epidemiology

  • Understanding the ecology, epidemiology and virulence of Enterococcus species is important for limiting urinary tract infections, hepatobiliary sepsis, endocarditis, surgical wound infection, bacteraemia and neonatal sepsis, and also stemming the further[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Key Coverage Of this Report • Understanding historical and forecasted epidemiological data for Vancomycin Resistant Enterococcus Faecium Infections covering 7MM from 2015-2025. • Segment level epidemiology and market split for Vancomycin Resistant Enterococcus[austriantribune.com]
  • "The ecology, epidemiology and virulence of Enterococcus". Microbiology . 155 (Pt 6): 1749–57. doi : 10.1099/mic.0.026385-0 . PMID 19383684 . Schleifer KH, Kilpper-Balz R (1984).[en.wikipedia.org]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • Useful For Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful Identifying carriers of vancomycin-resistant enterococci Clinical Information Discusses physiology, pathophysiology, and general clinical aspects, as they relate to a laboratory[mayomedicallaboratories.com]
  • Resistant Enterococcus Faecium Infections for 7 MM in 2016 and Total Market Share Distribution of Vancomycin Resistant Enterococcus Faecium Infections for 7 MM in 2025 Chapter 3: Vancomycin Resistant Enterococcus Faecium Infections Overview, Symptoms, Pathophysiology[austriantribune.com]

Prevention

  • Abstract Selective intestinal decontamination (SID) with norfloxacin has been widely used for the prophylaxis of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) because of a high recurrence rate and preventive effect of SID for SBP.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Preventing infection Practicing good hygiene, especially in a hospital setting, can help prevent the spread of E. faecalis infection.[medicalnewstoday.com]
  • If you do have VRE, you can help prevent transmission to others by letting your doctor know. Hospitals can use special precautions to help prevent the infection from spreading to other patients.[healthline.com]
  • This high salt concentration prevents the growth of gram negative bacteria (those without the outer wall) as it causes them to become dehydrated and die.[sciencing.com]
  • In contrast, the standard recommended intravenous antibiotics used in patients undergoing colorectal surgery did not eliminate E. faecalis at anastomotic tissues nor did they prevent leak in our rat model.[stm.sciencemag.org]

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