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Epithelial Cyst

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Presentation

  • The literature reporting this lesion as well as this mode of presentation has been reviewed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • This case is briefly compared with the few other brain-stem cysts presented in the literature and the concept of their "origin" is discussed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • We present a case of a 14-month-old Middle Eastern male with a right infraorbital respiratory epithelial cyst.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • We present a case of an epithelial cyst in the interatrial septum of a premature infant in association with a persistent atrioventricular canal defect.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Abstract An 88-year-old woman presented with a longstanding superomedial cyst of the orbit complicated by recurrent acute infection. Despite a clinical picture typical for a sino-orbital mucocele, no sinus abnormality was demonstrated.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Collapse
  • Repeated Neodymium:YAG (Nd:YAG) laser treatments failed to eradicate this cyst; it later extended into the sclera together with the collapse of the anterior chamber cyst. The possible mechanism underlying the development of these cysts is discussed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • On follow-up 3 months later, the IPE cyst had deflated and AS-OCT showed an irregular collapsed surface with no lumen and optical shadowing.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • A spontaneous collapse and healing of a corneoscleral cyst are possible. IVCM could be useful for the diagnosis and choice of the surgical treatment in the case of a recurrence.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • One week after surgery, the corneal cystic lesion had completely collapsed, and no fluid was observed.[bmcophthalmol.biomedcentral.com]
Esotropia
  • The subject of this report is the management of a congenital orbital epithelial cyst by needle aspiration in a newborn with ipsilateral esotropia and severe unilateral proptosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • A 3-year-old girl with a history of esotropia and presumed lipodermoid who subsequently developed an abduction deficit and worsening of her visual acuity to 20/70 from a baseline of 20/50 is described.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Unilateral Proptosis
  • The subject of this report is the management of a congenital orbital epithelial cyst by needle aspiration in a newborn with ipsilateral esotropia and severe unilateral proptosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Strabismus
  • Although choristomatous cystic orbital lesions are not uncommon in the pediatric population, these lesions rarely cause strabismus without being clinically obvious.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Subcutaneous Mass
  • Cyst of eyelid typically present during adolescence and late adulthood, as a solitary, elevated, round, freely mobile subcutaneous mass with smooth overlying skin [ 3 ]. Epidermal cyst is common in cases of men.[omicsonline.org]
Facial Numbness
  • Lesions in this region usually present with hearing loss, tinnitus, dysequilibrium, headaches, facial numbness and occasionally trigeminal neuralgia. Our patient presented with the unusual phenomenon of episodic facial palsy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Meningism
  • Abstract A case of a 29-year-old woman with a cystic lesion in the right cerebellopontine angle, who had three bouts of chemical meningitis in 1 year, is reported.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • 297 10443 Phtisis Bulbi 298 10452 Lymphoid 300 10454 Glial 301 10457 Metastatic Tumours 302 1062 Tumours and TumourLike Conditions 303 1072 Inflammatory Processes 304 10723 Necrobiotic Xanthogranuloma 305 10813 Pseudotumour 306 10822 Optic Nerve and Meningeal[books.google.com]
  • Some epidermoid cysts can rupture and result in a meningitis-type reaction from inflammation. Diagnosis These cystic tumors are typically diagnosed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computer tomography (CT) scans of the brain.[pacificneuroscienceinstitute.org]
Cerebellar Sign
  • A 63-year-old male presented with a rare epithelial cyst in the left cerebellopontine angle manifesting as left facial nerve paresis and left cerebellar signs.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Paresis
  • A 63-year-old male presented with a rare epithelial cyst in the left cerebellopontine angle manifesting as left facial nerve paresis and left cerebellar signs.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Workup

Posterior Fossa Cysts
  • Unless immunohistochemistry and electron microscopy are used in the final diagnosis of such cysts, all posterior fossa cysts lined by a single layer of epithelium should be described simply as epithelial cysts.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Enlargement of the Spleen
  • Ultrasonography proved the cystic nature of the enlargement of the spleen in all the cases. Marsupialization was performed in one patient and removal of the cysts in the other two.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Treatment

  • The current report should not be taken as an argument against cyst removal, which is the established way of treatment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Repeated Neodymium:YAG (Nd:YAG) laser treatments failed to eradicate this cyst; it later extended into the sclera together with the collapse of the anterior chamber cyst. The possible mechanism underlying the development of these cysts is discussed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The authors report a case of epithelial cyst, which recurred 32 years after the initial surgical treatment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The aetiology, diagnostic modalities and treatment options are discussed in the case report.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Cysts in this location often cause cranial nerve impairment, but the symptoms are usually resolved by surgical treatment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Prognosis

  • MRI Well-defined cystic lesions with internal homogeneous fluid signal intensity: T1: low signal intensity T2: very high signal intensity Treatment and prognosis Small and asymptomatic cysts do not require treatment or followup.[radiopaedia.org]
  • […] decade location the distal phalanx is commonly involved Pathophysiology results from a penetrating injury that drives keratinizing epithelium into subcutaneous tissues or bone cells grow slowly to produce an epithelial cell-lined cyst filled with keratin Prognosis[orthobullets.com]
  • The treatment for fallopian tube cancer is much like that for ovarian cancer, but the outlook (prognosis) is slightly better. Ovarian germ cell tumors Germ cells usually form the ova or eggs in females and the sperm in males.[cancer.org]
  • Mucinous cystic tumors of the pancreas: clinicopathological features, prognosis, and relationship to other mucinous cystic tumors. Am J Surg Pathol 1999; 23 : 410–422. 9 Wilentz RE, Talamani MA, Albores-Saavedra J, Hruban RH.[nature.com]

Etiology

  • In practice, both primary and secondary cysts are often described simply as "splenic cyst" for the sake of simplicity, as often the specific etiology is not evident.[radiopaedia.org]
  • There is no proven etiology, although patients with cysts along the free edge of the fold often are vocally hyperactive. Treatment of cysts, except for those arising on the free edge of the vocal fold, is simple unroofing (marsupialization).[bumc.bu.edu]
  • Corneoscleral epithelial cysts: evidence of developmental etiology. Cornea. 1998;17:446–50. View Article PubMed Google Scholar Javadi MA, Sharifi A, Hashemian SJ, Yazdani S, Parvizi G, Kanavi MR.[bmcophthalmol.biomedcentral.com]

Epidemiology

  • Introduction A painless, benign, slow-growing soft tissue tumor that often occurs in the hand occurs months to years after a traumatic event Epidemiology incidence third most common hand tumor demographics more common in men than women occurs in the third[orthobullets.com]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • However, considering that the pathogenesis and pathophysiology of these cysts are unclear, VP shunting should be considered especially for recurrent cases accompanied by hydrocephalus.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • […] often occurs in the hand occurs months to years after a traumatic event Epidemiology incidence third most common hand tumor demographics more common in men than women occurs in the third to fourth decade location the distal phalanx is commonly involved Pathophysiology[orthobullets.com]

Prevention

  • To prevent spontaneous rupture, laparotomy was performed, and the cyst was pathologically diagnosed as a splenic epithelial cyst.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Recurrence could be prevented after removal of the cystic tissue located in the sclera area outside of the limbus. No recurrence was noted during the 4-year follow-up.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Recurrence can be prevented after removal of the cyst that is located in the sclera outside of the limbus.[bmcophthalmol.biomedcentral.com]
  • This type of cancer can occur in women who still have their ovaries, but it is of more concern for women who have had their ovaries removed to prevent ovarian cancer. This cancer does rarely occur in men.[cancer.org]

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