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Erythromycin


Presentation

  • To present a system-level understanding of erythromycin stress and degradation, proteome, phospholipids and membrane potentials were investigated after the erythromycin degradation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • CONCLUSIONS: The present results suggest dissemination of polyclonal groups of S. pneumoniae with the M phenotype carrying resistance genes attributed to transposon 2009.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Post-operative seroma can present the clinician and patient with a chronic and difficult problem. The authors present their experience of managing refractory seroma with the antibiotic erythromycin, administered for its properties as a sclerosant.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The speA gene was present only among emm1 isolates, and the ssa gene was associated with emm4 and emm78 types. All emm78, emm28, and emm11 strains harbored speC gene.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • A 9-year-old girl, with rheumatic heart disease, on secondary prophylaxis with erythromycin 250 mg BD, presented with acute rheumatic fever. Responded to steroids and started on a higher dose (250 mg TDS) of erythromycin for secondary prophylaxis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Intravenous Administration
  • On the basis of the postmortem findings, patient history, and analytical-toxicologic results, we conclude that erythromycin precipitation can occur in vivo after intravenous administration in patients with impaired blood flow.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Recurrent ventricular tachycardia associated with QT prolongation after mitral valve replacement and its association with intravenous administration of erythromycin. Am J Cardiol. 1984; 54:922-3. 307. Guelon D, Bedock B, Chartier C et al.[drugs.com]
  • Recurrent ventricular tachycardia associated with QT prolongation after mitral valve replacement and its association with intravenous administration of erythromycin. Am J Cardiol. 1984; 54:922-3. [IDIS 192779] [PubMed 6486045] 307.[web.archive.org]
Amyloidosis
  • Low-dose erythromycin therapy may be helpful in terms of its anti-inflammatory effects for patients with bronchial amyloidosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Camping
  • CONCLUSIONS: The erythromycin resistance rate of Camp. coli (58·56%) was much higher than Campylobacter jejuni (0·67%).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Respiratory Distress
  • However, despite these treatments, he developed acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). He was administered the combination of intravenous pazufloxacin and erythromycin, corticosteroid, and sivelestat for two weeks.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Anaphylaxis and acute respiratory distress appear in the literature as case reports. We report a 24-year-old man who presented 12 years ago a systemic allergic reaction to penicillin, confirmed by skin tests and detection of specific IgE (RAST).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Epigastric Tenderness
  • Her physical examination was normal except for epigastric tenderness. Her serum lipase was 2024 U/L (normal, 60). She was treated with intravenous fluids and an opiate analgesic.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Periodontitis
  • METHODS: In this randomized clinical trial, 80 patients with periodontitis are distributed randomly into two groups.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Hunger
  • CONCLUSIONS: Motilin-induced phase III contractions induced hunger feelings through a cholinergic pathway.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Treatment

  • Finally, treatment for 12 months may be more effective than treatment for 6 months.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • After erythromycin treatment, 22 of the 27 (81.5%) patients showed clinical improvement, of whom six suffered a relapse. Four of these six patients clinically improved after a second course of erythromycin treatment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • RESULTS: Following the treatment with an inhibitory dose of Ery, 139 genes were up-regulated and 119 were down-regulated.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • A number of different topical treatments have been used for the treatment of acne. In this study, we investigated the efficacy and safety of the topical treatment with 5% benzoyl peroxide and 3% erythromycin gel in patients with papulopustular acne.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Erythromycin phonophoresis has potential as an effective treatment for CRS.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Prognosis

  • Keywords Hepatic encephalopathy Liver cirrhosis Erythromycin Neomycin Background Hepatic encephalopathy (HE) is one of the major complications in patients with hepatic cirrhosis, and plays a crucial role in the prognosis.[bmcgastroenterol.biomedcentral.com]

Etiology

  • There are numerous theories about the pathogenesis of PG, but the etiology is not clear. Although the occurrence of PG after trauma to the skin is very common, multiple lesions of PG secondary to burn are rare in the literature.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Etiology is complex, while genetic background significantly affects the risk.[clinicaltrials.gov]
  • The major etiology of cirrhosis in the sample was alcohol abuse (six subjects in each group). In seven individuals the cirrhosis etiology was not diagnosed (4 in the NEO group an 3 in the ERY group).[bmcgastroenterol.biomedcentral.com]
  • Role of bottle feeding in the etiology of hypertrophic pyloric stenosis. JAMA Pediatrics 2013 ; 167 : 1143 -9. Cooper WO, Griffin MR, Arbogast P, Hickson GB, Gautam S, Ray WA.[doi.org]

Epidemiology

  • The increasing resistance rate might give a rise to a new epidemiological situation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • KEYWORDS: Clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats; epidemiology study; erythromycin; group A streptococcus; macrolide [Indexed for MEDLINE] Free full text[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • BACKGROUND: We determined the epidemiological characteristics of erythromycin (EM)-resistant Streptococcus pyogenes (group A streptococci, GAS) strains isolated from Korea and Japan, using emm genotyping and multilocus sequence typing (MLST).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Japan. 6 Respiratory Medicine, Oita Prefectural Hospital, 476 Bunyo, Oita 870-8511, Japan. 7 Respiratory Medicine and Infectious Diseases, Oita University Faculty of Medicine, 1-1 Idaigaoka, Hasama, Yufu, Oita 879-5593, Japan. 8 Center for Clinical Epidemiology[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • In the absence of such data, local epidemiology and susceptibility patterns may contribute to the empiric selection of therapy. E.E.S.[rxlist.com]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • View Article PubMed Google Scholar Shawcross D, Jalan R: The pathophysiologic basis of hepatic encephalopathy: central role for ammonia and inflammation. Cell Mol Life Sci. 2005, 62: 2295-2304. 10.1007/s00018-005-5089-0.[bmcgastroenterol.biomedcentral.com]

Prevention

  • The rate of infection was analyzed according to the criteria of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • CONCLUSION: Penicillins are more effective than erythromycin in preventing neonatal GBS infection in women with PPROM who were active GBS carriers.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • E-mycin 400mg tablets are also used to prevent infections of rheumatic fever in people with a history of rheumatic fever, and to prevent bacterial endocarditis in people with congenital heart disease, who are allergic to penicillin antibiotics.[inhousepharmacy.vu]
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Epidemiology and prevention of vaccine-preventable diseases. 7th ed. Public Health Foundation; 2002 Jan:39-48,58-70. 262. Abbott Laboratories.[drugs.com]
  • Mexiletine, an inhibitor of the tetrodotoxin-sensitive window Na( )-current, may prevent IKr-blocking drug-induced torsade de pointes ventricular tachycardia by abolishing APD prolongation and EADs.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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