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Exposure to Zinc Oxide Fumes


Presentation

  • Despite preventative strategies sporadic cases are likely to continue to present to emergency departments. metal fume fever Statistics from Altmetric.com metal fume fever A 55 year old man presented to the emergency department at 9 pm.[emj.bmj.com]
  • Material safety data sheets (MSDS) and a description of the composition of the base metal and electrodes can help you identify which contaminants may be present.[thefabricator.com]
  • Yellowish-green smoke, white powdery particles floating in the air and white residue around the weld are sure signs that zinc oxide is present while welding.[healthfully.com]
  • Chronic poisoning when certain materials are present in welding fumes such as zinc or cadmium, polychlorinated biphenyls (from decomposition of anti-corrosion oils), or decomposition products from paints Factors that affect worker exposure to welding[threesixtysafety.com]
  • Information contained in this blog post is presented for general educational and information purposes and to increase overall safety awareness.[metalsupermarkets.com]
Fever
  • Metal Fume Fever is the name for an illness that is caused primarily by exposure to zinc oxide fume (ZnO) in the workplace. Approximately 1500 to 2000 case of metal fume fever are reported yearly in the United States.[online-vitamins-guide.com]
  • How Long “Metal Fume Fever” Lasts Metal fume fever is short-lived and the symptoms begin to fade within four hours of exposure and generally completely fade within 24 hours.[healthfully.com]
  • […] of metal fume fever are very similar to those of common influenza.[sentryair.com]
  • DISCUSSION Metal fume fever (MFF)—“brass founders ague”, “zinc shakes”, “Monday morning fever”—is a self limiting inhalation fever attributed to a number of metal oxide fumes.[emj.bmj.com]
  • "Metal fume fever and polymer fume fever". Clinical Toxicology . 53 (4): 195–203. doi : 10.3109/15563650.2015.1013548 . PMID 25706449 . Cain, J. R; Fletcher, R. M (2010). "Diagnosing metal fume fever--an integrated approach".[en.wikipedia.org]
Fever
  • Metal Fume Fever is the name for an illness that is caused primarily by exposure to zinc oxide fume (ZnO) in the workplace. Approximately 1500 to 2000 case of metal fume fever are reported yearly in the United States.[online-vitamins-guide.com]
  • How Long “Metal Fume Fever” Lasts Metal fume fever is short-lived and the symptoms begin to fade within four hours of exposure and generally completely fade within 24 hours.[healthfully.com]
  • […] of metal fume fever are very similar to those of common influenza.[sentryair.com]
  • DISCUSSION Metal fume fever (MFF)—“brass founders ague”, “zinc shakes”, “Monday morning fever”—is a self limiting inhalation fever attributed to a number of metal oxide fumes.[emj.bmj.com]
  • "Metal fume fever and polymer fume fever". Clinical Toxicology . 53 (4): 195–203. doi : 10.3109/15563650.2015.1013548 . PMID 25706449 . Cain, J. R; Fletcher, R. M (2010). "Diagnosing metal fume fever--an integrated approach".[en.wikipedia.org]
Malaise
  • Symptoms of Metal Fume Fever MFF is a self-limited illness characterized by fever, chills, cough, dyspnea, headache, myalgias, and malaise, most commonly occurring within 4-12 hours of exposure to zinc, copper, or iron oxide fumes.[online-vitamins-guide.com]
  • He complained of malaise, nausea, vomiting, and cough. He had no previous medical history. Examination and investigation were unremarkable.[emj.bmj.com]
  • Fatigue Muscle Ache Joint Pain Thirst “The initial symptoms include a sweet metallic taste associated with throat irritation, dyspnea [shortness of breath] and thirst followed by chills, a low-grade fever, myalgia [muscle pain], arthralgias [joint pain], malaise[sentryair.com]
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
  • CNS depression was evident even in the early stages which indicates a diagnosis of Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (Chronic Fatigue Syndrome). Various symptoms lasted for days but the lower back pain lasted longest.[finishing.com]
Rigor
  • Written in an accessible style with just the right amount of technical rigor, the book covers: General fundamentals and specific hazards and effects of chemical substances The basics of exposures and responses to chemical substances in the work environment[books.google.com]
Cough
  • Symptoms of Metal Fume Fever MFF is a self-limited illness characterized by fever, chills, cough, dyspnea, headache, myalgias, and malaise, most commonly occurring within 4-12 hours of exposure to zinc, copper, or iron oxide fumes.[online-vitamins-guide.com]
  • He complained of malaise, nausea, vomiting, and cough. He had no previous medical history. Examination and investigation were unremarkable.[emj.bmj.com]
  • Zinc oxide poisoning can cause these symptoms: Fever, chills Cough Diarrhea Mouth and throat irritation Nausea and vomiting Stomach pain Yellow eyes and skin Most of the harmful effects of zinc oxide come from breathing in the gas form of zinc oxide at[medlineplus.gov]
  • They include fever (rarely exceeding 102o F), chills, nausea, dryness of the throat, cough, fatigue, and general weakness and aching of the head and body.[pirate4x4.com]
  • […] initial symptoms include a sweet metallic taste associated with throat irritation, dyspnea [shortness of breath] and thirst followed by chills, a low-grade fever, myalgia [muscle pain], arthralgias [joint pain], malaise, fatigue, and a nonproductive cough[sentryair.com]
Chest Pain
  • Patients also frequently complain of a sweet or metallic taste in the mouth, irritated or dry throat, and chest pain. flu-like illness with a metallic taste in the mouth, leucocytosis (high white blood cell count) throat irritation, and dry cough;[online-vitamins-guide.com]
  • Symptoms of metal fume fever include a metallic taste in the mouth, fever, headache, chest pain, and shortness of breath. Symptoms start about 4 to 12 hours after breathing in the fumes and may result in serious injury to the lungs.[medlineplus.gov]
  • Symptoms of ozone exposure include headache, chest pain, and dryness of the upper respiratory tract. Excessive exposure can cause fluid in the lungs (pulmonary edema).[pirate4x4.com]
  • Irritation of respiratory system, sore and dry throat, chest pain and breathing difficulty. Chronic effects include kidney damage and emphysema. Suspected carcinogen. Chromium Most stainless-steel and high-alloy materials, welding rods.[ccohs.ca]
  • Examination of the upper gastrointestinal tract should be conducted for mucosal burns and bleeding if hematemesis or guaic-positive stools are encountered or if symptoms include abdominal or chest pain.[digitalfire.com]
Quickening
  • Drinking milk can quicken the recovery process as calcium helps remove the zinc build-up from your body.[healthfully.com]
  • We recommend upon exposure that you drink milk in order to quicken your recovery. The calcium in milk helps remove the zinc build-up from your body.[bakersgas.com]
Irritability
  • الصفحة 128 - Irritant: A chemical, which is not corrosive, but which causes a reversible inflammatory effect on living tissue by chemical action at the site of contact.[books.google.com]
  • Irritating to the eyes and respiratory tract. Overexposure can cause lung, kidney, bone and liver damage. Chronic exposure can result in chronic irritation of the nose, throat and bronchi. Nitrogen Oxides Formed in the arc.[ccohs.ca]
  • Patients also frequently complain of a sweet or metallic taste in the mouth, irritated or dry throat, and chest pain. flu-like illness with a metallic taste in the mouth, leucocytosis (high white blood cell count) throat irritation, and dry cough;[online-vitamins-guide.com]
  • EXPOSURE LIMITS (ACGIH) 10 milligrams per cubic meter of zinc oxide dust 5 milligrams per cubic meter of zinc oxide fumes TOXICITY DATA 500 milligrams/24hours/skin-rabbit: light irritation 500 milligrams/24hours/eyes-rabbit: light irritation 600 milligrams[ucalanka.com]
  • Some of these are certain creams and ointments used to prevent or treat minor skin burns and irritation. Zinc oxide overdose occurs when someone eats one of these products. This can be by accident or on purpose. This article is for information only.[medlineplus.gov]

Treatment

  • More than 300 well-organized chapters written by eminent authorities guide clinicians through the diagnosis and treatment of every poisoning or drug overdose.[books.google.com]
  • State Medical Society describes the following as treatment of metal fume fever: “Treatment of mild MFF consists of bed rest and symptomatic therapy (eg, analgesics, oxygen therapy, and antipyretics) as indicated.[sentryair.com]
  • By GRETCHEN REYNOLDS Photo Credit Getty Images You asked How to Stop a Hot Flash Effective treatments are available to stop the discomfort of menopause symptoms.[nytimes.com]
  • Typical Presentation of the Most Commonly Encountered Metals and Their Treatment (Open Table in a new window) Metal Acute Chronic Toxic Concentration Treatment Arsenic Nausea, vomiting, "rice-water" diarrhea, encephalopathy, MODS, LoQTS, painful neuropathy[emedicine.medscape.com]
  • C-Treatment : Treatment for acute zinc toxicity is supportive. 1-Zinc or zinc salts ingestion : Treatment should be directed toward control of : -nausea, -vomiting, -diarrhea.[digitalfire.com]

Epidemiology

  • الصفحة 69 - Epidemiology is defined as the study of the distribution and determinants of health-related states or events in specified populations, and the application of this study to control of health problems. ‏[books.google.com]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • Approximately 2000 cases are reported annually in the United States. 2, 3 The pathophysiology is unclear but seems to reflect a direct toxic effect.[emj.bmj.com]

Prevention

  • MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET (MSDS) Flammability & Explosion Hazard First Aid & Preventive Measures Disposal Toxicological Properties & Health Effects Environment Health & Safety Policy Reactivity Preventive Measures Leakage of Product Section 313 Supplier[ucalanka.com]
  • Cadmium also injures the renal tubules resulting in acute renal dysfunction. 1 Preventative strategies for MFF are aimed at reducing fume exposure concentrations. 7 “Toxic” levels have not been established.[emj.bmj.com]
  • Welding Equipment That Prevents Metal Fume Fever The most important element in any welding workshop or welding space is proper ventilation.[kemperamerica.com]
  • Some of these are certain creams and ointments used to prevent or treat minor skin burns and irritation. Zinc oxide overdose occurs when someone eats one of these products. This can be by accident or on purpose. This article is for information only.[medlineplus.gov]
  • Zinc is also added to foodstuffs in the form of zinc acetate (E650) to prevent zinc deficiency in humans.[nanopartikel.info]

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