Edit concept Question Editor Create issue ticket

Extreme Fetal Immaturity

Extreme Immaturity of Fetus


  • Features of the Color Atlas of Pediatric Pathology include: Comprehensive coverage of pediatric surgical and autopsy pathology Each chapter is presented by a recognized expert Practical presentation: concise text highlights diagnostic features making[books.google.com]
  • Summary These tables present data on deaths that occurred before one completed year of life, and which were registered with Births, Deaths and Marriages in 2010.[health.govt.nz]
  • The diagnosis of PROM is assumed if one of the following is present: Amniotic fluid appears to be escaping from the cervix. Vernix or meconium is visible.[merckmanuals.com]
  • In some cases, the umbilical cord may also slip out of the birth canal in front of the baby, becoming compressed between the presenting part of the baby (usually the head) and the mother’s vaginal canal. This is known as cord prolapse.[abclawcenters.com]
  • Infants with TTN and pneumonia or meconium aspiration may have similar clinical presentations.[anestesiarianimazione.com]
  • Elsevier Health Sciences, ١٤‏/١١‏/٢٠١٣ - 233 من الصفحات This issue is expected to be in high demand, being extremely valuable to both neonatologists and maternal-fetal medicine physicians.[books.google.com]
  • Some physicians induce labor immediately, but prevention of Group B Strep (GBS) transmission to the baby must be considered.[abclawcenters.com]
  • Code assignment is based on physician documentation of the diagnosis.[fortherecordmag.com]
  • Presentation Am Fam Physician. 2002 Feb 15; 65 ( 4 ):599-606. Clin Perinatol. 2013 Dec;40(4):679-88. CMAJ. 2015 Mar 17;187(5):335-43. Semin Fetal Neonatal Med. 2015 Feb;20 ( 1 ):6-13.[pathophys.org]
  • The Color Atlas of Pediatric Pathology is a practical working resource for every pathologist who sees pediatric cases as well as the pathology trainee.[books.google.com]
  • […] phosphatidylserine 3.0 3 lecithin:sphingomyelin 3.0 4 lecithin:sphingomyelin 1.5 5 lecithin:phosphatidylserine 1.5 M1 Select Answer to see Preferred Response PREFERRED RESPONSE 4 Sorry, this question is for PEAK Premium Subscribers only (M1.PL.71) A pathologist[medbullets.com]
  • Placental examination by perinatal pathologists was performed using a standardized protocol. Data were weighted to account for the sampling design.[journals.plos.org]
  • Neonatal Hyperbilirubinemia; Mechanistic Aspects of Phototherapy for Neonatal Hyperbilirubinemia; Cerebellar Development; Pathophysiology of Neonatal Sepsis; Pathophysiology of Persistent Pulmonary Hypertension of the Newborn; Pathophysiology of Meconium Aspiration[books.google.com]
  • P2420Neonatal aspiration of blood without respiratory symptoms P2421Neonatal aspiration of blood with respiratory symptoms P2430Neonatal aspiration of milk and regurgitated food without respiratory symptoms P2431Neonatal aspiration of milk and regurgitated[cms.gov]
  • "Early surfactant guided by lamellar body counts on gastric aspirate in very preterm infants". Neonatology. 104 (2): 116–22. doi : 10.1159/000351638. PMID 23942627.[en.wikipedia.org]
  • Infants with TTN and pneumonia or meconium aspiration may have similar clinical presentations.[anestesiarianimazione.com]
  • Some of the risk factors contributing to this injury include positive pressure/ventilator support (barotrauma), oxygen (oxygen toxicity), infections, and aspiration.[hawaii.edu]
Respiratory Disorders
  • Disorders in Moderately Preterm, Late Preterm and Early Term Infants; Metabolic and Neurologic Issues in Moderately Preterm, Late Preterm and Early Term Infants; and Quality Initiatives Related to Moderately Preterm, Late Preterm and Early Term Births[books.google.com]
  • Pulmonary Hypertension of the Newborn; Pathophysiology of Meconium Aspiration Syndrome; Pathophysiology of Ventilator Dependent Infants; Pathophysiology of Hypoxic-Ischemic Brain Injury; Pathophysiology of Neonatal White Matter Injury; Pathophysiology of Meningitis[books.google.com]
  • If left untreated, it can develop into a deadly infection or lead to sepsis or meningitis. Apnea and Bradycardia – Apnea is the absence of breathing.[americanpregnancy.org]
  • Maternal infection: Without the protection of the amniotic sac, maternal infections can be easily transmitted to the baby, potential leading to sepsis, meningitis, and permanent brain damage.[abclawcenters.com]
  • Infection : Sepsis, meningitis, TORCH infections and others can all cause liver impairment. Liver dysfunction disrupts normal bile flow from hepatocytes through the biliary tree to the duodenum (i.e. cholestasis).[pathophys.org]
  • The mesoderm was represented from the meninge, the smooth muscle fasciae in developmental phase and organising in smooth muscle layer, the striated muscle fibres of embryonal type, the multiple sites of immature mesenchyma, the areas of embryonal and[oapublishinglondon.com]


  • An additional workup for hyperbilirubinemia may include: Blood group and direct Coombs testing in babies who are at risk of Rh or ABO isoimmunization.[pathophys.org]
  • […] genetic physician or genetic counselor who will be evaluating your family health history for possible inheritable conditions that would cause hydrops Any other specialists as necessary to address underlying issues or abnormalities uncovered by the overall workup[chw.org]
  • From a practical viewpoint, when one is confronted with a fetus with IUGR, an etiologic workup is in order, and close fetal surveillance with ultrasonography is necessary.[glowm.com]


  • The only treatment for mirror syndrome is immediate delivery of the baby How do you treat hydrops fetalis? Treatment for hydrops depends on the determined cause, if any.[chw.org]
  • […] a complication of the treatment is Figure C 5 The chest x-ray would reveal ground glass opacities and the fundoscopic image depicting a complication of the treatment is Figure B M1 Select Answer to see Preferred Response PREFERRED RESPONSE 5 (M1.PL.75[medbullets.com]
  • Treatment For Premature Rupture Of The Membranes (PROM) Treatment for PROM at Term In a term pregnancy where PROM has occurred, allowing labor to occur spontaneously is often the standard of care.[abclawcenters.com]
  • Treatment should be stopped once total bilirubin is below the treatment threshold. Phototherapy is usually able to decrease bilirubin by 17-34 umol/L within 4-6 hours.[pathophys.org]


  • It is important to remember the complication of hydrops has a poor prognosis of survival except for those cases that have a definite cause with established fetal treatment. What is my baby's long-term prognosis? Long-term prognosis is guarded.[chw.org]
  • Conclusion Prenatal diagnosis and ultrasonographic follow-up are needed for the good prognosis of sacrococcygeal teratomas.[oapublishinglondon.com]
  • Prognosis: Prognosis is excellent. Asthma: Schaubel et al looked at neonatal characteristics as risk factors for preschool asthma.[anestesiarianimazione.com]
  • The cardiologist must present both the pre and postnatal prognosis of the disease. This information should be objective, based on local as well as other centers’ experience.[revespcardiol.org]
  • Portal vein thrombosis and portal hypertension may occur in children undergoing exchange transfusion. [ 12 ] One meta-analysis showed a significant link between feto-maternal rhesus incompatibility and schizophrenia. [ 13 ] Prognosis Overall survival[patient.info]


  • (Phototherapy) Treatment depends on the severity of hyperbilirubinemia, its etiology, and the risk of developing serious neurological complications. Phototherapy The mainstay of treatment for hyperbilirubinemia is phototherapy.[pathophys.org]
  • The reported racial and ethnic differences in risk factors for and presentations of preterm birth suggest that the etiologies of preterm birth may play a role ( Ananth et al., 2005 ; Reagan and Salsberry, 2005 ).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The etiology of BPD is problematic and may be due to oxygen, overventilation or underventilation.[en.wikipedia.org]
  • The etiology is multifactorial. Risk factors include systemic infection, rapid advance of enteral nutrition, decreased intestinal blood flow (relative ischemia), the presence of catheters in umbilical vessels, and poor gut motility.[hawaii.edu]
  • Chronic chorioamnionitis was not included in this analysis, because it is clinically significant only if it is associated with diffuse chronic villitis (of unknown etiology).[journals.plos.org]


  • Late Preterm and Early Term Births: Epidemiology and Trends; Stillbirth Reduction Efforts and Impact on Early Births; Management of Indicated Early Term and Late Preterm Births; Physiological Underpinnings for Clinical Problems in Moderately Preterm,[books.google.com]
  • Epidemiology The incidence of haemolytic disease of the newborn (HDN) depends on the proportion of the population who are RhD negative.[patient.info]
  • The STROBE checklist is best used in conjunction with this article (freely available on the Web sites of PLoS Medicine at , Annals of Internal Medicine at , and Epidemiology at ).[journals.plos.org]
  • Epidemiologically, when a disease has a low prevalence (i.e., perinatal mortality in the USA), the false-negative rate of monitoring tests will be low regardless of the test's sensitivity or specificity.[glowm.com]
Sex distribution
Age distribution


  • […] of Neonatal White Matter Injury; Pathophysiology of Meningitis; Pathophysiology of Preeclampsia; and Pathophysiology of Chorioamnionitis.[books.google.com]
  • The acquired form is more common, and pathophysiology has not been fully elucidated.[pathophys.org]
  • Pathophysiology: Noninfectious acute respiratory disease develops in approximately 1% of all newborn infants and results in admission to a critical care unit. TTN is the result of a delay in clearance of fetal lung liquid.[anestesiarianimazione.com]
  • Pathophysiology [ edit ] The lungs of infants with respiratory distress syndrome are developmentally deficient in a material called surfactant, which helps prevent collapse of the terminal air-spaces (the future site of alveolar development) throughout[en.wikipedia.org]
  • Neonatology: Pathophysiology and Management of the Newborn, 5th Edition. 1999, Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Publishers. 2. Behrman RE, Kliegman RM, Jenson HB (eds).[hawaii.edu]


  • Can low birthweight be prevented? Prevention of preterm births is one of the best ways to prevent babies born with low birthweight. Prenatal care is a key factor in preventing preterm births and low birthweight babies.[childrenshospital.org]
  • Women with diabetes need special care during pregnancy to prevent problems. Controlling blood sugar can prevent many problems.[medlineplus.gov]
  • Your doctor may be able to suggest additional preventive measures that can help lower your risk of giving birth prematurely.[healthline.com]
  • How can I prevent baby caries? Hi, I’m pregnant on my 34 week and my older son had baby caries, I would like to prevent that this time. A.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]
  • Hospital for Sick Children Health A-Z Search a complete list of child health articles expand_more View All Drug A-Z Search a list of articles about medications expand_more View All Learning Hubs Browse a complete list of content groups Healthy Living & Prevention[aboutkidshealth.ca]

Ask Question

5000 Characters left Format the text using: # Heading, **bold**, _italic_. HTML code is not allowed.
By publishing this question you agree to the TOS and Privacy policy.
• Use a precise title for your question.
• Ask a specific question and provide age, sex, symptoms, type and duration of treatment.
• Respect your own and other people's privacy, never post full names or contact information.
• Inappropriate questions will be deleted.
• In urgent cases contact a physician, visit a hospital or call an emergency service!