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Eye Muscle Disorder

Disease (or Disorder) Eye Muscle


Presentation

  • The book provides presentations of participants relating to selected aspects of immune regulation and its role in autoimmune thyroid diseases.[books.google.com]
  • Some eye muscle disorders are due to genetic problems that are present at birth. Other times, an eye injury or another medical condition can result in the development of eye muscle disorders later in life.[nicklauschildrens.org]
  • If the strabismus has been present since early childhood, the symptoms are usually minimal. If it develops later, the most common symptom is double vision.[northbayeye.com]
  • Nystagmus - fast, uncontrollable movements of the eyes, sometimes called "dancing eyes" Some eye movement disorders are present at birth. Others develop over time and may be associated with other problems, such as injuries.[medlineplus.gov]
  • It may be present at birth (congenital ptosis), or it may develop gradually over decades. Sometimes ptosis is an isolated problem that changes a person's appearance without affecting vision or health.[health.harvard.edu]
Movement Disorder
  • Also known as: eye movement disorders, strabismus, nystagmus What are eye muscle disorders? The motion of the eyes as a person moves them to look around is controlled by muscles.[nicklauschildrens.org]
  • Eye Movement Disorders When you look at an object, you're using several muscles to move both eyes to focus on it. If you have a problem with the muscles, the eyes don't work properly. There are many kinds of eye movement disorders.[icdlist.com]
  • There is no cure for some kinds of eye movement disorders, such as most kinds of nystagmus. Adult Strabismus (American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus)[medlineplus.gov]
  • The results of this early study are very exciting, and could have an impact on the approach to treating eye movement disorders and other nerve wiring defects in the future.”[medicine.exeter.ac.uk]
  • We work with people of all ages who have eye movement disorders. Our goal is to identify the cause of your eye movement disorder and help you receive the most effective treatment.[dukehealth.org]
Falling
  • In this condition, the border of the upper eyelid falls to a lower position than normal. In severe cases, the drooping eyelid can cover all or part of the pupil and interfere with vision. Ptosis can affect one or both eyes.[health.harvard.edu]
  • Some of the symptoms a person with a balance disorder may experience are: A sensation of dizziness or vertigo (spinning) Falling or a feeling of falling Lightheadedness or feeling woozy Visual blurring Disorientation Some individuals may also experience[masseyeandear.org]
  • People with RBD typically remember little nothing of this activity, unless they fall out of bed, bump into the furniture, or injure themselves and wake up. But they can usually remember and tell the dreams they were having during an episode.[healthcommunities.com]
  • When questioned, people will say, “I seem to catch my foot when I walk” or “I seem to fall over my own feet.” Trouble with stairs and with uneven surfaces is common. Not everyone with FSHD develops this lower leg problem.[mda.org]
  • Since the weak muscle is unable to bring the eye to a position in which the object is focused on the macula, the image falls on a more peripheral part of the retina.[dartmouth.edu]
Pathologist
  • Endocrinologists, physicians, pathologists, physiologists, and medical researchers will find the book interesting.[books.google.com]
Loss of Hair
  • The hypermetabolic state is characterized by fast pulse/heartbeat, palpitations, profuse sweating, high blood pressure, irritability, fatigue, weight loss, heat intolerance, and loss of hair and alterations in hair quality.[umkelloggeye.org]
Fracture
  • Orbital Fracture -- Blow-Out Fracture Traumatic contusion to the orbit (the bone surrounding the eyeball) may result in a fracture of the floor of the orbit known as a blow-out fracture. Diagnosis is best made with a CAT scan not a MRI.[strabismus.org]
  • Examples include entrapment of an eye muscle in a fracture of the eye socket and deposition of abnormal tissue in the eye socket as can occur with the form of hyperthyroidism called Graves disease.[msdmanuals.com]
Myopathy
  • Charlotte Thompson, a leading authority in pediatric neuromuscular disorders, draws on her 38 years of experience treating children with muscular dystrophy, spinal atrophy, congenital and mitochondrial myopathies, Charcot-Marie-Tooth, and all the childhood[books.google.com]
Strabismus
  • Treatment for strabismus may include eyeglasses, prisms, vision therapy, or eye muscle surgery. If detected and treated early, strabismus can often be corrected with excellent results.[marioneye.com]
  • Strabismus in adults as discussed earlier, strabismus is a condition in which the eyes are misaligned and pointed in different directions. Most adults that have strabismus have had it since childhood.[northbayeye.com]
  • Also known as: eye movement disorders, strabismus, nystagmus What are eye muscle disorders? The motion of the eyes as a person moves them to look around is controlled by muscles.[nicklauschildrens.org]
  • It is now being reviewed by the Journal of American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus as a new surgical procedure for Monocular elevation deficiency, said hospital executive director Dr Ashvin Agarwal.[timesofindia.indiatimes.com]
  • What Is Strabismus? Strabismus is when eyes don't line up or when one or both eyes wander.[kidshealth.org]
Diplopia
  • Neuro-Ophthalmology Diplopia – Double Vision Diplopia, also known as double vision, occurs in one of two ways. The double vision is either present with one eye open (monocular diplopia) or only with both eyes open (binocular diplopia).[eye.uci.edu]
  • What is the significance of horizontal diplopia (where the images are side-by-side) as opposed to vertical diplopia? Answer 4-5.[dartmouth.edu]
  • Strabismus can cause vision loss, trouble with depth perception, or double vision (which doctors call diplopia).[everydayhealth.com]
  • This visual condition is the leading cause of eyestrain, blurry vision, double vision (diplopia), and/or headaches.[strabismus.org]
Esotropia
  • Reoperations for esotropia. J Ped Ophthalmol and Strab. 1987; 24(3):136-140. 6. Mims, et al. Variability of strabismus surgery for acquired esotropia. Arch Ophthalmol. 1986; 104:1780-1782. 7. Kennedy R. McCarthy J. Surgical treatment of esotropia.[vision-therapy-pa.com]
  • Esotropia is an eye misalignment where the eye turns inward towards the nose. It can affect one or both eyes and can alternate between the two eyes. Exotropia is a misalignment in which the eye turns outward, away from the nose.[northbayeye.com]
  • Esotropia The most common type of strabismus is esotropia, which occurs when either one or both eyes turn in toward the nose. Some children are born with this condition. More frequently, it starts at about age 2 1/2.[shileyeye.ucsd.edu]
  • esotropia, accommodative esotropia, esophoria, exophoria, exotropia, exotropic, esotropic, hyperphoria, hypophoria, hyperphoria, hypertropia.[children-special-needs.org]
  • It is important to note that horizontal saccadic velocities are normal in SES, whereas there will be slowing of abducting saccades with incomitant esotropia due to sixth nerve palsy.[webeye.ophth.uiowa.edu]
Red Eye
  • Browse the articles below to learn how to treat your red eyes, why you should see a doctor if your blurry vision comes on suddenly, and so much more. All Other Conditions, A-Z Articles[allaboutvision.com]
  • You may notice your child has headaches or exhaustion after reading or other intense visual activities, complaints that their eyes hurt or feel tired, or excessively dry, watery eyes, or red eyes.[visuallearningcenter.com]
  • Twenty to forty percent of people suffering from this and other thyroid abnormalities develop Graves' ophthalmopathy: a case of bulging, red eyes surrounded by swollen and highly irritated tissue.[news.stanford.edu]
  • It is sometimes called "pink eye" or "red eye." It can cause redness, itching, burning, tearing, or a feeling of something in the eye.[my.clevelandclinic.org]
Excessive Tearing
  • Childhood Tearing : Epiphora is the term for excessive tearing. Childhood epiphora is often noted soon after birth, but can be acquired later. When noted during infancy, it is usually due to blockage of the tear drainage system.[dmei.org]
  • Conjunctivitis is usually associated with redness of the white part of the eyes, light sensitivity (photophobia), excessive tearing, ocular discomfort (gritty sensation, itching, burning), and/or discharge.[afb.org]
Dyslexia
  • For further information, we strongly recommend a review of the policy statement on learning disabilities and dyslexia published by the American Academy of Ophthalmology and American Academy of Pediatrics. Q. My child complains of headaches.[northbayeye.com]
  • The Dyslexia Research Trust (www.dyslexic.org.uk) offers free testing and coloured glasses.[dailymail.co.uk]
  • This is why parents often suspect dyslexia. You may also notice that your child confuses similar looking words or substitutes words while reading. 3.[visuallearningcenter.com]
  • Teachers Suspected Dyslexia - Diagnosed w/ Convergence Insufficiency - Successfully Treated w/ Vision Therapy Eye Exercises Learning Disabled Child w/ Headaches Diagnosed w/ Convergence Insufficiency - Reading and School Troubles Solved![convergenceinsufficiency.org]
  • Optometrists do not claim that vision therapy is a direct treatment for learning disabilities, such as LD, dyslexia or ADD. Vision therapy is directed toward resolving visual problems which interfere with educational instruction.[visiontherapy.org]
Anger
  • Thompson discusses how to cope with the initial diagnosis of a neuromuscular disorder and then suggests ways to get beyond the shock, numbness, and anger that may occur.[books.google.com]
Visual Hallucination
  • Visual disturbances, such as visual hallucinations can also occur. Although it is difficult to treat the sensory deficits which at times can affect people with PD, sometimes certain lens tints can be helpful.[apdaparkinson.org]
Confusion
  • At first, this may create double vision and confusion, but over time the brain will learn to ignore the image from the turned eye.[marioneye.com]
  • Reversing or getting confused Children with visual processing problems commonly confuse their left with their right, or reverse letters , numbers, or words. This is why parents often suspect dyslexia.[visuallearningcenter.com]
  • If we cannot do this easily, objects can appear double or move, creating a confusing uncomfortable view of the world.[drgallaway.com]
  • Weakness Muscles that weaken when they are used repeatedly Strength testing after a drug that relieves symptoms of myasthenia gravis is injected (edrophonium test) Wernicke syndrome History of long-term alcohol abuse Clumsiness, poor coordination, and confusion[msdmanuals.com]
  • Eye muscle surgery often creates confusion in the brain and makes eye teaming even more difficult unless vision therapy is done.[vision-therapy-pa.com]
Dizziness
  • Labyrinthitis -- an infection or inflammation of the inner ear causing dizziness and loss of balance.[masseyeandear.org]
  • It’s this movement in and out of fusion that can throw you off-balance and bring on feelings of being lightheaded or dizzy.[vision-specialists.com]
  • Symptoms can also include sensitivity to light, dizziness and trouble seeing in the dark. Most cases of nystagmus are present at birth or develop in infancy, usually between six weeks and three months of age.[drweil.com]
  • If you experience blurred vision, double vision, “floaters” in your vision, a sudden escalating headache, or dizziness, contact your doctor. Ophthalmoplegia is most often a symptom of another syndrome or disease.[healthline.com]
  • When blurred vision, double vision, or a sudden increase in headaches or dizziness occur, it’s important to seek medical attention.[belmarrahealth.com]
Chronic Progressive External Ophthalmoplegia
  • Chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia Chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia typically appears in adults between the ages of 18 and 40 years.[healthline.com]
  • Types of Ophthalmoplegia There are two different types of ophthalmoplegia: chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia and internal ophthalmoplegia (INO).[belmarrahealth.com]
Paresis
  • H51.9 Unspecified disorder of binocular movement Approximate Synonyms A pattern strabismus Disorder of eye movements Eye movement disorder Eye movements, A pattern deviation Eye movements, V pattern deviation Eye movements, X pattern deviation Ocular paresis[icd9data.com]

Treatment

  • In fact, strabismus may get worse without treatment. Any child older than four months whose eyes do not appear to be straight all the time should be examined.[marioneye.com]
  • Actually, adults with strabismus have many different treatment options including: Eye exercises, Special glasses with prisms, BOTOX Cosmetic injections, Eye surgery.[northbayeye.com]
  • Potential treatment options for eye muscle disorders can include surgery, eye patches, muscle exercises or glasses. Some eye muscle disorders cannot be resolved, but they are controlled with glasses, patches.[nicklauschildrens.org]
  • She describes each of the principal diseases giving the history, signs and symptoms, the usual course, outcome, genetics, and any possible treatments.[books.google.com]
  • Treatment of Convergence Insufficiency Treatments for CI can be categorized as active or passive: Active treatment : A multi-site randomized clinical trial funded by the National Eye Insitute has proven that the best treatment for convergence insufficiency[convergenceinsufficiency.org]

Prognosis

  • Person’s living with ophthalmoplegia have a positive prognosis and can live a normal life, but this is largely based on the underlying cause. If ophthalmoplegia is diagnosed early on prognosis improves and there is a reduced risk of complications.[belmarrahealth.com]
  • The underlying cause of your ophthalmoplegia will affect your overall prognosis. Genetic and mitochondrial diseases, a history of vascular disease or stroke, or genetic syndromes can vary your outlook drastically.[healthline.com]
  • Outlook (Prognosis) Eye muscle surgery does not fix the poor vision of a lazy (amblyopic) eye. Your child may have to wear glasses or a patch. In general, the younger a child is when the operation is performed, the better the result.[ufhealth.org]
  • It is not intended to provide instruction and you should not rely on this information to determine diagnosis, prognosis or a course of treatment. It should not be used in place of a professional consultation with a doctor.[dystonia.org.uk]
  • What is the course of the disease and outlook (prognosis)? Without treatment, myasthenia gravis can become a serious, life-threatening disease. Treatment usually works well but many people with myasthenia continue to have some symptoms.[patient.info]

Etiology

  • Involution of the intermuscular connective tissue septum between the lateral rectus and superior rectus is the etiology of the diplopia and strabismus in SES.[webeye.ophth.uiowa.edu]
  • Toxic effects from medications such as ethambutol are often suspected in the etiology of this disease, he said. A complete clinical evaluation is called for.[healio.com]
  • In my search of the literature, etiology is typically mentioned only when describing those cases excluded from a retrospective study.[vision-therapy-pa.com]

Epidemiology

  • "[Epidemiological and clinical aspects of Stilling-Turk-Duane syndrome]". J. Fr. Ophtalmol. (in French). 19 (8–9): 533–42. PMID 8944136. Further reading [ edit ] Andrews, Caroline V.; Hunter, David G.; Engle, Elizabeth C. (1993). "Duane Syndrome".[en.wikipedia.org]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • IMAGING MRI of the orbits has been used to elucidate the pathophysiology of SES. Chaudhuri and Demer showed significant displacement of the LR-SR pulley in comparison to age-matched controls.[webeye.ophth.uiowa.edu]

Prevention

  • […] thyroid disease are reviewed; important observations with promising clinical implications in terms of immunogenetics of Graves' and Hashimoto's diseases are presented; and selection of appropriate therapy for Graves' thyrotoxicosis, and the possibility of preventive[books.google.com]
  • Maintaining proper eye alignment is important to avoid seeing double, for good depth perception, and to prevent the development of poor vision in the turned eye. When the eyes are misaligned, the brain receives two different images.[marioneye.com]
  • CHENNAI: Two months ago, four-year-old Karthik was referred to Agarwal’s Eye Hospital in Chennai from a Krishnagiri hospital with a right drooping eye and downward displacement of the eye that prevented vision.[timesofindia.indiatimes.com]
  • Can You Prevent Double Vision? Prevention of double vision relies on prevention of the underlying causes of the vision issue.[essilorusa.com]

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