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Eye Neoplasm


Presentation

  • Iris and conjuctival tumors (melanomas) - Present as a dark spot. Any spot which continues to grow on the iris and the conjunctiva should be checked out.[en.wikipedia.org]
  • Note 1: Examples of circumstances that might lead to exposure to ionising radiation include being present during or subsequent to the testing or use of nuclear weapons, undergoing diagnostic or therapeutic medical procedures involving ionising radiation[legislation.gov.au]
  • The information presented is for educational purposes only and should not be relied upon as medical advice. If you would like to schedule a consultation with Dr. Murray, please visit the Murray Ocular Oncology & Retina website.[eyecancermd.org]
  • , radiotherapy • Prognosis is poor as presentation is usually late 6.[slideshare.net]
  • It is the second most common malignant tumour of the lacrimal gland and presents as a painless mass with or without new increase in size.[eyeplastics.com]
Rigor
  • Whether increased use of targeted therapies is translated to improved patient outcomes should be rigorously studied.[bmjopen.bmj.com]
Pneumonia
  • […] nerves, comprising two types, neurilemomas and neurofibromas. specified list of human papilloma virus (HPV) strains means HPV type 6, 11, 16, 18, 33 or 45. terminal event means the proximate or ultimate cause of death and includes the following: (a) pneumonia[legislation.gov.au]
Lacrimation
  • […] gland and duct D31.50 Benign neoplasm of unspecified lacrimal gland and duct D31.51 Benign neoplasm of right lacrimal gland and duct D31.52 Benign neoplasm of left lacrimal gland and duct D31.6 Benign neoplasm of unspecified site of orbit D31.60 Benign[icd10data.com]
  • A primary or metastatic tumor involving the structures of the eye (conjunctiva, cornea, uvea, retina), the lacrimal gland, and the orbit. Representative examples are melanoma, carcinoma, lymphoma, and retinoblastoma. Cancer of the eye is uncommon.[icd9data.com]
  • […] gland and duct Inclusion term(s): Benign neoplasm of lacrimal sac Benign neoplasm of nasolacrimal duct D31.50 Benign neoplasm of unspecified lacrimal gland and duct D31.51 Benign neoplasm of right lacrimal gland and duct D31.52 Benign neoplasm of left[icd10coded.com]
  • "Lacrimal Gland Tumors." eMedicine.com. June 8, 2005. Cancer.Net: Lacrimal Gland Tumor Cancer.Net: Retinoblastoma, Childhood[en.wikipedia.org]
Red Eye
  • Check photographs, normal healthy eyes would have the red eye reflex, but a white/yellow dot instead of the red eye reflex can indicate a tumor or some other kind of eye disease.[en.wikipedia.org]
Meningism
  • […] a non-malignant neoplastic proliferation of the cells of the eye classified according to site as conjunctiva, cornea, retina, choroid, ciliary body, lacrimal gland, lacrimal duct and orbit; and (b) excludes benign neoplasms of eyelids, optic nerve, meninges[legislation.gov.au]
  • Hemangiopericytoma of the meninges of the optic nerve. A clinicopathologic report including electron microscopic observations. Ophthalmology 1985; 92 : 1780–1787.[nature.com]
  • It is particularly unusual for choroidal melanomas of any size to invade the optic nerve or its meninges.[ 10 ] Metastasis of choroidal melanoma to the contralateral choroid is also rare.[ 9, 11 ] Staging American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) stage[cancer.gov]
Seizure
  • Symptoms may include headache and weakness on one side, seizures, personality changes, and visual problems. Sometimes the doctor will choose to watch the tumor for a time.[webmd.com]

Workup

  • The workup of suspected metastatic scirrhous breast cancer to the orbit includes a complete history and physical, imaging of the orbit (CT or MRI), mammogram, orbital mass biopsy and body imaging for metastatic disease.[webeye.ophth.uiowa.edu]
  • Clinical Testing and Workup An eye doctor may suspect ocular melanoma following a routine eye exam. Individuals may visit an eye doctor because of problems with vision or soreness in one eye.[rarediseases.org]

Treatment

  • We did not analyse the associations between patient and prescriber characteristics, and treatment selection and subsequent clinical outcomes of treatments.[bmjopen.bmj.com]
  • Today, modern radiation treatment modalities, as proton therapy, are likely to be chosen, for providing superior accuracy in dose delivery, helping to spare healthy tissue and the sensible optic nerves.[en.wikipedia.org]
  • We are praying hard that when he goes back they will be able to laser out the neoplasm and start treatment to still be able to save his natural eye. If not he will loose his natural eye within the next month.[youcaring.com]
  • Treatment for eye cancer varies by the type and by how advanced it is. It may include surgery, radiation therapy, freezing or heat therapy, or laser therapy.[icdlist.com]
  • Treatment of retinoblastoma. New York: Churchill Livingston, 1985: 3–93 Google Scholar 72. Shields CL, Shields JA, Cater J, et al. Plaque radiotherapy for retinoblastoma: long-term tumor control and treatment complications in 208 tumors.[doi.org]

Prognosis

  • Prognosis The prognosis for all forms of nevi tends to be good with iris nevi showing enlargement in less than 5% of cases (Territo et al., 1988).[atlasgeneticsoncology.org]
  • . • Ultrasound may be necessary • Treatment – enucleation, local resection, radiotherapy • Prognosis is poor as presentation is usually late 6.[slideshare.net]
  • Stages and Outlook (Prognosis) After a cancer diagnosis, staging provides important information about the extent of cancer in the body and anticipated response to treatment.[cancer.org]
  • Prognosis The outlook depends on the size of the tumor when it's diagnosed. The prognosis is better if the cancer is contained within the eye and has not spread to other parts of the body.[drugs.com]
  • Melanoma Malignant tumor often detected when small size so prognosis is usually favorable. Nevus Benign tumor that classically remains stable. Can lead to reduced visual acuity. Can transform into melanoma.[isoo.org]

Etiology

  • Certain conditions have both an underlying etiology and multiple body system manifestations due to the underlying etiology.[icd10coded.com]
  • […] anatomy and histology blood blood supply cerebrospinal fluid chemically induced chemistry classification complications congenital cytology diagnosis diagnostic imaging diet therapy drug therapy economics embryology enzymology epidemiology ethnology etiology[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Inflammatory etiologies, while not uncommon, include dacryoadenitis, sarcoidosis, and orbital inflammatory pseudotumor. For the purposes of this discussion, the focus will be on neoplastic lesions of the lacrimal gland.[emedicine.com]
  • Disease Medulloepithelioma Etiology Medulloepithelioma is a tumor that arises from the epithelium of the medullary tube, most often the ciliary body.[atlasgeneticsoncology.org]
  • During follow-up, we evaluated mortality, readmission (caused by tumor, heart, or other etiology), incidence of tumor recurrence or appearance of new neoplasia during follow-up.[revespcardiol.org]

Epidemiology

  • […] options Subheadings: analysis anatomy and histology blood blood supply cerebrospinal fluid chemically induced chemistry classification complications congenital cytology diagnosis diagnostic imaging diet therapy drug therapy economics embryology enzymology epidemiology[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Epidemiology Choroidal melanomas are found most often in countries with large populations of people of northern European decent.[atlasgeneticsoncology.org]
  • […] tumour, and it may also be used to reduce morbidity and improve efficacy. 11 Recently, superselective chemotherapy and targeted therapies are being used for treatment of eye malignancies. 12–18 Over the last few years, several studies have examined the epidemiology[bmjopen.bmj.com]
  • Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program. . Accessed February 28, 2015. 18. Edge SB, Compton CC. The American Joint Committee on Cancer: the 7th edition of the AJCC cancer staging manual and the future of TNM.[uspharmacist.com]
  • Ocular melanoma – when you have seen one, you have not seen them all: a clinical outcome study from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database (1973-2012). Clin Ophthalmol. 2017;11:153-160.[rarediseases.org]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

Prevention

  • […] imaging diet therapy drug therapy economics embryology enzymology epidemiology ethnology etiology genetics history immunology metabolism microbiology mortality nursing organization and administration parasitology pathology physiology physiopathology prevention[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • How can they be prevented? Intraocular tumours cannot be prevented, but they can be diagnosed in their early stages.[imo.es]
  • The goal of treatment in ocular melanoma is to prevent it from spreading (metastasis).[healthline.com]
  • Finger disagrees with this theory and its so called “no touch technique” that requires surgeons to get new instruments after each time they touch the tumor (to prevent transplantation).[eyecancer.com]
  • Sunglasses to prevent choroidal melanoma? There is a higher incidence of choroidal melanoma in people with blue eyes and people that work outdoors.[mastereyeassociates.com]

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