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Eyeball Injury

Injury of Globe of Eye


Presentation

  • The most obvious presentation of ocular (eye) injuries is redness and pain of the affected eyes. This is not, however, universally true, as tiny metallic projectiles may cause neither symptom.[en.wikipedia.org]
  • The American Academy of Ophthalmology and the American Society of Ocular Trauma now recommend that every household have at least one pair of ANSI-approved protective eyewear for use during projects and activities that may present risk of injury.[vsp.com]
  • Remove contact lenses if present [ 6 ] .[patient.info]
Disability
  • Psychological Reactions: Situations Requiring Psychological First Aid Respect for Others' Feelings Emotional and Physical Disability Combat and Other Operational Stress Reactions Severe Stress or Stress Reaction Reactions and Limitations...[books.google.com]
  • It was error for the QME to adjust applicant's binocular measurements with fictitious values in rating his disability.[lexisnexis.com]
  • Inside the eye may produce considerable pain and disability.[my.clevelandclinic.org]
  • "Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 301 acute and chronic diseases and injuries in 188 countries, 1990–2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013".[en.wikipedia.org]
Animal Bite
  • Fractures: Signs and Symptoms Splints, Padding, Bandages, Slings, and Swathes Upper Extremity Lower Extremity Jaw, Collarbone and Shoulder Spinal Column Neck Climatic Injuries: Heat Injuries Cold Injuries Bites and Stings: Snakes Human or Animal Bites[books.google.com]
Fatigue
  • Schedule periodic rest breaks to avoid eye fatigue. Keep the eyes lubricated (by blinking) to prevent them from drying out. Keep the screen in proper focus.[childrenshospital.org]
Italian
  • […] eye trauma, eye injury (diagnosis), eye injury, Eye Injuries, Injury of eye (disorder), INJURY, EYE, Injury of Eye Region, EYE INJURY, Injury-eye, Eye injury, eye; injury, injury; eye, ocular; wound, wound; ocular, Injury of eye, NOS, Ocular Injury Italian[fpnotebook.com]
Chills
  • Here are tips from the AAO to safely open a Champagne bottle during this holiday season: Make sure sparkling wine is chilled to at least 45 degrees Fahrenheit before opening.[abcnews.go.com]
Sneezing
  • Eye diseases are often transmitted through the mucous membranes of the eye as a result of direct exposure to things like blood splashes, and droplets from coughing or sneezing or from touching the eyes with a contaminated finger or object.[cdc.gov]
  • Typically people suffer from this following a bout of sneezing or coughing especially if aspirin has been taken. A minor injury can also cause this and it is quite common.[medicaloptics.ie]
Choking
  • Nuclear, Biological and Chemical Environment: Classification of Chemical and Biological Agents Conditions for Masking Signs and Symptoms Background Information on Nerve Agents Blister Agents Choking Agents (Lung-Damaging Agents) Cyanogen (Blood) Agents[books.google.com]
Fracture
  • When there are no orbital fractures, sometimes we see the eye take all of the stress, causing a ruptured globe.[eyeporter.com]
  • […] e-artnow, ١٤‏/٠٥‏/٢٠١٧ - 224 من الصفحات Whether you are faced with an open wound, an airway obstruction, a head injury, a fracture or a snakebite, this book will teach you how to help yourself or save somebody's life.[books.google.com]
  • Fractures are often detected by x-rays or a CT scan which also help determine if tissues/muscles surrounding the eye are trapped in the fractures.[aapos.org]
  • Orbital blowout fractures: Prognosis depends on the nature and extent of the fracture. Some fractures require surgical repair. In general, the minor fractures heal without complications.[emedicinehealth.com]
  • The fracture had been sustained during the final over of New Zealand's innings on Monday.[espncricinfo.com]
Blister
  • Nuclear, Biological and Chemical Environment: Classification of Chemical and Biological Agents Conditions for Masking Signs and Symptoms Background Information on Nerve Agents Blister Agents Choking Agents (Lung-Damaging Agents) Cyanogen (Blood) Agents[books.google.com]
Red Eye
  • Signs that you've been exposed to too much UV radiation are red eyes, light sensitivity, tearing, and a feeling like something is in your eyes.[webmd.com]
  • Depending on the extent of the injury, the corneal abrasion is often accompanied by bothersome symptoms such as red eye or an increased sensitivity to light.[singaporemedicalclinic.com]
  • Symptoms of foreign bodies in eyes Symptoms of a foreign body in the eye include: sharp pain in your eye followed by burning and irritation feeling that there is something in your eye watery and red eye scratchy feeling when blinking blurred vision or[betterhealth.vic.gov.au]
Excessive Tearing
  • A scratch can cause symptoms like: Blurred vision Light sensitivity Pain Redness Excess tears Small scratches usually heal on their own. Deeper injuries can cause long-term vision problems.[webmd.com]
  • Chemicals, such as acids and alkali, can cause permanent blindness, while milder chemicals may cause only irritation, burning, and excessive tearing until the eye is washed with cool water or a sterile saline solution.[eye.keckmedicine.org]
  • Sometimes, excessive tearing is seen. Hyphema : Pain and blurred vision are the main symptoms.[emedicinehealth.com]
Fear
  • "The early reports are very positive that the injury is not as serious as first feared," Boucher told journalists. "Akil's immediate recovery has been such that he is being released to return home, but will undergo further medical tests tomorrow.[espn.com]
Impulsivity
  • The light sensitive cells on the retina detect the electrical impulses and they travel to the brain.[sma.org.au]
Confusion
  • I looked around confused. My four year old daughter were wearing 3D glasses with the lens removed. I hadn’t noticed. I explained there was nothing wrong . He asked when she had gotten glasses. He asked what had happened my eye.[theclothesline.ie]
  • Once the WPI was determined, it was inserted into the rating string as follows: 12.03.00.00–56 - [1]62–380H - 68 70% Evaluating physicians have a variety of complex and confusing tasks to perform. First, they must determine causation of injury.[lexisnexis.com]
Screaming
  • I screamed. I wailed. I considered trying to remove my eye myself to make the pain stop. My eldest daughter got me some tissue and my boy offered to get me a plaster. Thankfully they were more amused than scared by my blood curdling screams.[theclothesline.ie]

Workup

  • What additional workup might you consider? Are there any medications you would avoid? You may consider getting basic coagulation labs and a sickle prep.[timroot.com]

Treatment

  • When there is a globe rupture, the most important treatment is surgery so we can try and save the eye. This can be a complicated surgery that can be very difficult at times.[eyeporter.com]
  • TREATMENT AND CARE The doctor may use local anaesthetic drops to relieve the pain.[firstaidinstructor.wordpress.com]
  • An immediate visit to an eye doctor for proper treatment is essential to avoid bacterial or other infection.[medicaloptics.ie]
  • Each day about 2,000 US workers suffer job-related eye injuries that require medical treatment.[eyehealthweb.com]

Prognosis

  • What Is the Prognosis for Eye Injuries? Chemical exposure: Prognosis depends on the chemical involved and the amount of exposure.[emedicinehealth.com]
  • Please find relevant information on First Aid for Eye Injury - Chemical Burns regarding cause, signs & symptoms, administration of first aid treatment, prognosis, preventive measures, and additional resources HERE.[dovemed.com]
  • Complications and prognosis [ 3 ] Superficial eye injuries generally have a good prognosis. For injuries to the globe, the outcome depends on the precise nature of the injury and the availability of prompt treatment.[patient.info]
  • If you get acid in your eye, early treatment generally results in a good prognosis. However, alkaline products like drain cleaners, sodium hydroxide, lye, or lime can permanently damage your cornea.[healthline.com]

Epidemiology

  • "The epidemiology of serious eye injuries from the United States Eye Injury Registry". Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 238 (2): 153–57. doi : 10.1007/pl00007884. PMID 10766285. Shukla B. Epidemiology of ocular trauma. Jaypee Brothers; 2002.[en.wikipedia.org]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • Pathophysiology — complication of blunt globe rupture, penetrating eye injury, foreign bodies, and ocular surgery. Causative organisms are usually Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, and GNBs (e.g. Bacillus ).[lifeinthefastlane.com]

Prevention

  • Fortunately, most eye injuries are preventable. Take simple steps to reduce the risk of an eye injury and understand when to see a doctor. What can you do to prevent an eye injury? Follow these safety tips to prevent eye injuries around the home.[mayoclinic.org]
  • Posted by firstaidinstructor on April 13, 2009 Penetrating eye injuries are serious and can be prevented by wearing protective eyewear.[firstaidinstructor.wordpress.com]
  • Prevention Most eye injuries in sport are preventable. Minimising the severity and incidence of eye injuries in sporting environments is based on the following three principles. 1.[sma.org.au]
  • What can workers do to prevent eye injury and disease? Wear personal protective eyewear, such as goggles, face shields, safety glasses, or full face respirators.[cdc.gov]
  • Lacerations require urgent examination (usually needing surgery) by an ophthalmologist to prevent complications and maximize vision potential. Can being struck with a ball or elbow during play cause damage inside the eye? Yes.[aapos.org]

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