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Female Infertility


Presentation

  • The etiologies of unexplained infertility and recurrent pregnancy loss remain unclear and present a scientific challenge. Oxidative stress may be a piece in this puzzle.[eurekaselect.com]
  • […] infertility (such as smoking, mentioned further below) does not necessarily cause infertility, and even if a woman is definitely infertile, the infertility cannot definitely be blamed on any single risk factor even if the risk factor is (or has been) present[en.wikipedia.org]
Weight Gain
  • With this condition some women will experience unwanted hair growth on the face and body, patchy hair loss from the scalp ( alopecia ) and too much weight gain.[yourhormones.info]
Sleep Apnea
  • (Reuters Health) - Women with sleep disorders other than sleep apnea may be more than three times as likely to experience infertility as their counterparts who don’t have trouble sleeping, a recent study suggests.[reuters.com]
Lower Abdominal Pain
  • Women with endometriosis are likely to have painful and heavy periods, lower abdominal pain, painful sexual intercourse or a combination of these symptoms. How common is infertility in women? Infertility occurs in around 12% of women in the UK.[yourhormones.info]
Abdominal Mass
  • “Investigation of abdominal masses by pulsed ultrasound”. Lancet. 1958;1(7032):1188-195. Woo Joseph. A short history of the development of ultrasound in obstetrics and Gynaecology ob-ultrasound.net retrieved, 2007. Weissman A, Mcardle CR, Achiron R.[ijrcog.org]
Nausea
  • A potential side-effect to this treatment is ovarian hyperstimulation where the ovaries become swollen and the patient experiences pain in the abdomen, which may be accompanied by nausea and vomiting.[yourhormones.info]
Vomiting
  • A potential side-effect to this treatment is ovarian hyperstimulation where the ovaries become swollen and the patient experiences pain in the abdomen, which may be accompanied by nausea and vomiting.[yourhormones.info]
Flushing
  • Tubal flushing for Subfertility. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2007:CD003778. Goldberg BB, Liu JB, Kuhlman K, Merton DA, Kurtz AB. Endoluminal Gynecologic Ultrasound: Preliminary results. J Ultrasound Med. 1991;10:583-90. Bassil S.[ijrcog.org]
Salpingitis
  • Salpingitis isthmica nodosa. Indian J Pathol Microbiol. 2009;52:434-435. Okeke TC, Ikeako LC, Ezenyeaku CCT. Endometriosis: a review article. Niger J Med. 2011;20(3):191-199. Chamie LP, Blasbalg R, Pereira RM, et al.[ijrcog.org]

Workup

  • Hysterosalpingography in the workup of female infertility: indications, technique, and diagnostic funding. Insights Imaging. 2012;3:475-83. Kim MY, Rha SE, Oh SN. MR imaging findings of hydrosalpinx: a comprehensive review.[ijrcog.org]

Treatment

  • What treatments are available? The first and most important treatment is to ensure the woman is in the best possible health to conceive.[yourhormones.info]
  • What infertility treatments are available? BACK TO TOP[nichd.nih.gov]
  • […] in the form of traditional healers and expensive Western treatments. [65] The limited access to treatment in many areas can lead to extreme and sometimes illegal acts in order to produce a child. [63] [65] Marital role [ edit ] Men in some countries[en.wikipedia.org]
  • “Although we do not yet know whether treating sleep disorders improves fertility, treatment may help and is not likely to hurt,” Felder said by email.[reuters.com]

Etiology

  • The etiologies of unexplained infertility and recurrent pregnancy loss remain unclear and present a scientific challenge. Oxidative stress may be a piece in this puzzle.[eurekaselect.com]

Epidemiology

  • "Epidemiology of infertility: social problems of the infertile couples." West African journal of medicine (22;2): 190-196. Robert J. Leke, Jemimah A. Oduma, Susana Bassol-Mayagoitia, Angela Maria Bacha, and Kenneth M. Grigor.[en.wikipedia.org]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Prevention

  • This article addresses the role of OS in female infertility, the effect it has on assisted reproductive techniques, and OS prevention strategies including the use of in-vivo and in-vitro antioxidant supplementation.[eurekaselect.com]
  • Retrieved May 31, 2016, from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2015). Infertility FAQs: What is infertility? Retrieved January 7, 2016, from American Society for Reproductive Medicine. (2014). Polycystic ovary syndrome.[nichd.nih.gov]
  • “Moreover, a healthy diet, regular exercise and a good lifestyle are important to prevent infertility.” Roughly 1 in 10 women of childbearing age have difficulty getting pregnant.[reuters.com]
  • [ edit ] Acquired female infertility may be prevented through identified interventions: Maintaining a healthy lifestyle.[en.wikipedia.org]
  • During these treatments women have to be carefully monitored to prevent the ovaries becoming too stimulated or a multiple pregnancy taking place (as a result of more than one egg being released).[yourhormones.info]

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