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Fetal Malnutrition


Presentation

  • Birth weight increased with parity through the 4th pregnancy. 47.6% of 1st vs. 29.4% of subsequent births presented fetal malnutrition. 47.6% of infants born to mothers 20 or younger vs. 29.3% of infants of mothers over 20 presented fetal malnutrition[popline.org]
  • Present evidence suggests that maternal environment plays the major etiologic role in fetal malnutrition.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Fetal malnutrition was present in 19.6% of babies, of whom 40.7% had intrauterine growth retardation. Of the babies with FM, 59.9% were AGA and 1.9% were SGA even though they had no signs of FM.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • In over 50 papers 1 the group has presented evidence from British populations that low birth weight at term and, in some cases, low weight at 1 year of age are associated with an increased adult risk of hypertension, coronary heart disease, non-insulin[bmj.com]
  • A summary of available evidence in humans for whether protein and micronutrient supplementation can improve long-term outcomes is presented.[nestlenutrition-institute.org]
Cerebral Palsy
  • French NP, Hagan R, Evans SF et al. (2005) Repeated antenatal corticoisteroids: effects on cerebral palsy and childhood behaviour. Am J Obstet Gynecol 190: 588–595 CrossRef Google Scholar 6.[link.springer.com]
Hunting
  • Seite 42 - Macario E, Emmons KM, Sorensen G, Hunt MK, Rudd RE. Factors influencing nutrition education for patients with low literacy skills. J Am Diet Assoc 1998 May;98(5):559-64. ‎[books.google.de]
Diarrhea
  • The child did experience noninfectious diarrhea for the last 2 days that has now stabilized. I instructed the mother to supplement her breast feeding with Pedialyte and to call me if the diarrhea increases.[quizlet.com]

Workup

  • An EEG, and ECG have been ordered, along with a complete blood workup. The baby will be monitored closely until all test results are back.[quizlet.com]

Treatment

  • Treatment of fetal malnutrition If possible, eliminate the impact of harmful factors and restore the utero-placental circulation. Treatment directly malnutrition is very complex.[mymedinform.com]
  • The information presented is not intended as a substitute for medical treatment. It is intended to provide ongoing support of your healthy lifestyle practices.[lesliebeck.com]
  • Latin America needs well-designed clinical trials to be conducted that assess the efficacy of interventions aimed at the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular and metabolic diseases.[revespcardiol.org]
  • Dessens AB, Haas HS, Koppe JG (2000) Twenty-year follow-up of antenatal corticosteroid treatment. Pediatrics 105: E77 CrossRef PubMed Google Scholar 5.[link.springer.com]
  • We therefore propose that CANSCORE should be routinely done at birth to minimize the sequelae of FM by prompt and appropriate treatment the identified babies.[ispub.com]

Etiology

  • Placental malaria is a major factor in the etiology of FM in Nigeria.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Present evidence suggests that maternal environment plays the major etiologic role in fetal malnutrition.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • BACKGROUND: The main objective of the study was to determine the role of maternal factors in the etiology of fetal malnutrition (FM) in Nigeria.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Placental malaria is a major factor in the etiology of FM in Nigeria. Copyright 2007 The American Society of Tropical Medicine Article metrics loading...[ajtmh.org]
  • This attests to multifactorial etiology of FM. However, maternal hypozincemia may be a significant contributory factor and, therefore, mothers may benefit from zinc supplementation during pregnancy.[scialert.net]

Epidemiology

  • Epidemiological studies have shown that lower birthweight is associated with a wide range of adverse outcomes in later life, including poorer 'human capital' (shorter stature, lower cognitive performance), increased risk factors for later disease (higher[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Record type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper) Abstract Epidemiological studies have shown that lower birthweight is associated with a wide range of adverse outcomes in later life, including poorer ‘human capital' (shorter stature, lower cognitive performance[eprints.soton.ac.uk]
  • Key words: Epidemiology, prevalence, fetal malnutrition, foetal malnutrition, placental insufficiency. REFERENCIAS Deodhar J, Jarad R. Study of the prevalence of and high risk factors for fetal malnutrition in term newborns.[new.medigraphic.com]
  • This paper discusses the concepts of growth retardation used in most clinical and epidemiological studies. It is again emphasized that small for gestational age (SGA) and intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) are different concepts.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • This situation demands a strict epidemiological control on the part of the Spanish health system. Correspondence: Dr. P. López-Jaramillo. Instituto de Investigaciones. Fundación Cardiovascular. Calle 155 A N.o 23-58. Urbanización El Bosque.[revespcardiol.org]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • Recent use of the isolated perfused human placental cotyledon has begun to delineate the pathophysiology of ethanol-induced placental injury.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Neonatology: Pathophysiology and management of the newborn. 4a ed. Philadelphia, PA: JB Lippincott; 1994. p. 325-31. Informe de un Comité de Expertos de la OMS. El estado físico: Uso e interpretación de la antropometría.[new.medigraphic.com]
  • Kyle UG, Pichard C (2006) The Dutch famine of 1944–1945: a pathophysiological model of long-term consequences of wasting disease. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care 9: 388–394 PubMed Google Scholar 9.[link.springer.com]

Prevention

  • This communication reviews the almost 40 years of studies by Jack Metcoff, MD, and coworkers to unravel the causes of fetal malnutrition and their efforts to prevent it.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Prevention of fetal malnutrition That prevention is in this case is very important because of the Difficulty influence on the pathology of the fetus.[mymedinform.com]
  • This number was 6.9 in the Indian Diabetes Prevention Program and 13.9 in the American Diabetes Prevention Program.[revespcardiol.org]
  • OBJECTIVE: Early detection of malnutrition in newborn babies is of major importance in order to prevent associated serious sequelae.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Malaria prevention strategy Two hundred and seventy-eight (92.7%) mothers received at least one dose of Intermittent Preventive Therapy for malaria in pregnancy (IPTp) (IPTp-1), while 22 (7.3%) had none (IPTp-0).[jcnonweb.com]

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