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Foodborne Disease

Food Borne Disorder


Presentation

  • This article discusses multiple-locus variable-number tandem-repeat analysis, single-nucleotide polymorphisms, nucleic acid sequencing, whole genome sequencing, variable absent or present loci, microarrays and MS as potential subtyping methods to enhance[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the website.[cdc.gov]
  • OBJECTIVES: To present the first update on the epidemiology of US foodborne correctional institution outbreaks in 20 years.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Contamination most frequently occurs via the fecal-oral route, when pathogens are present in the feces of ill, convalescent, or otherwise colonized persons.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • […] the fourth in a series reviewing the role of food workers in foodborne outbreaks, background information on the presence of enteric pathogens in the community, the numbers of organisms required to initiate an infection, and the length of carriage are presented[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Fishing
  • Abstract Each year in the United States, 260,000 people get sick from contaminated fish. Fish is also the most commonly implicated food category in outbreaks.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • J Fish Dis. 2016 Jun;39(6):667-72. doi: 10.1111/jfd.12395. Epub 2015 Jun 11.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The pathogen-commodity pairs most commonly responsible for outbreaks were scombroid toxin/histamine and fish (317 outbreaks), ciguatoxin and fish (172 outbreaks), Salmonella and poultry (145 outbreaks), and norovirus and leafy vegetables (141 outbreaks[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Of outbreaks with a single food reported and a confirmed aetiology, fish (254 outbreaks, 34%) was most commonly implicated, and these outbreaks were commonly caused by scombroid toxin (219 outbreaks, 86% of fish outbreaks).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • DESIGN: The emergency response of an overcrowded ED to a serious FBDO with histamine fish poisoning was reviewed. SETTING: The ED of a tertiary academic medical centre (study hospital) with 1600 acute beds in southern Taiwan.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Vomiting
  • Likewise, if symptoms persist or are severe (such as bloody diarrhea, excessive nausea and vomiting, or high temperature), call your doctor.[fsis.usda.gov]
  • The most common symptoms were dizziness (58.9%), nausea and vomiting (36.3%). 181 patients (54.4%) received intravenous fluid infusion and blood tests were ordered for 82 (24.6%). All patients were discharged except one who required admission.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • A worker may exhibit obvious signs of illness, such as vomiting, but even if the ill worker immediately leaves the work environment, residual vomitus can contaminate food, contact surfaces, and fellow workers unless the clean-up process is meticulous.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • A suspected foodborne disease was any person in the affected community with abdominal pain, vomiting and or diarrhea between 25(th) and 30(th) September 2014 and had eaten from the food joint.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Foodborne disease is an illness, usually in the form of vomiting and diarrhea, that occurs after you eat foods that have been contaminated with bacteria, viruses or parasites called pathogens.[livestrong.com]
Food Poisoning
  • OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to report the occurrence of the first outbreak of food poisoning caused by Salmonella Alachua in Brazil, as well as the antimicrobial susceptibility and the genetic relatedness of Salmonella Alachua strains isolated[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Read tips to avoid food poisoning.[nhs.uk]
  • How do I know if I have Staph food poisoning? You can suspect Staph food poisoning based on the type of symptoms and their fast resolution.[cdc.gov]
  • Introduction Enhanced foodborne disease surveillance has been recognised as an essential tool to help reduce food poisoning by the World Health Organization and many countries around the world.[ozfoodnet.gov.au]
  • food poisoning any of a group of acute illnesses due to ingestion of contaminated food.[web.archive.org]
Diarrhea
  • Fever, muscle aches, and sometimes gastrointestinal symptoms such as nausea or diarrhea.[fsis.usda.gov]
  • A suspected foodborne disease was any person in the affected community with abdominal pain, vomiting and or diarrhea between 25(th) and 30(th) September 2014 and had eaten from the food joint.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Foodborne diseases usually result in gastrointestinal illness, which can include symptoms such as diarrhea, vomiting, nausea, stomach ache, and fever.[health.hawaii.gov]
  • […] starts 3-4 d after ingestion Usually progresses from watery to bloody diarrhea.[emedicine.com]
  • Numerous organisms cause similar symptoms, especially diarrhea, abdominal cramps, and nausea.[web.archive.org]
Nausea
  • Fever, muscle aches, and sometimes gastrointestinal symptoms such as nausea or diarrhea.[fsis.usda.gov]
  • The most common symptoms were dizziness (58.9%), nausea and vomiting (36.3%). 181 patients (54.4%) received intravenous fluid infusion and blood tests were ordered for 82 (24.6%). All patients were discharged except one who required admission.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Considerations Foodborne illness symptoms range from minor cases of nausea to more severe implications such as dehydration.[livestrong.com]
  • Foodborne diseases usually result in gastrointestinal illness, which can include symptoms such as diarrhea, vomiting, nausea, stomach ache, and fever.[health.hawaii.gov]
  • The symptoms are acute, and include tenderness; pain or cramps in the abdomen; nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea; weakness; and dizziness. Copyright 2007. An Elsevier publication. All rights reserved.[web.archive.org]
Abdominal Cramps
  • Severe nausea, abdominal cramps, vomiting, and diarrhea occur 30 minutes to 6 hours after eating; recovery from 1 to 3 days — longer if severe dehydration occurs.[fsis.usda.gov]
  • Numerous organisms cause similar symptoms, especially diarrhea, abdominal cramps, and nausea.[web.archive.org]
  • cramps may be present.[emedicine.com]
  • Symptoms may develop within one to eight hours after eating and may include vomiting, diarrhea, nausea and abdominal cramps lasting one to two days.[emsaonline.com]
Slurred Speech
  • Symptoms usually appear 18 to 36 hours, but can sometimes appear as few as 6 hours or as many as 10 days after eating; double vision, blurred vision, drooping eyelids, slurred speech, difficulty swallowing, dry mouth, and muscle weakness.[fsis.usda.gov]

Treatment

  • Abstract Although most non-typhoidal Salmonella illnesses are self-limiting, antimicrobial treatment is critical for invasive infections.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • These illnesses can be especially difficult to quantify because medical treatment is not sought.[ift.org]
  • Causative Agents Source and Clinical Features Pathogenesis Diagnosis and Treatment Staphylococci Improperly stored foods with high salt or sugar content favors growth of staphylococci.[emedicine.com]
  • A wide array of interventions has been developed to reduce the carriage of foodborne pathogens in poultry and livestock, including genetic selection of animals resistant to colonization, treatments to prevent vertical transmission of enteric pathogens[doi.org]
  • , before human consumption or use as an ingredient in foodstuffs afla B 1 8 afla B 1 B 2 G 1 G 2 15 nuts and dried fruit to be subjected to sorting, or other physical treatment, before human (continued) afla B 1 5 consumption or use as an ingredient in[fao.org]

Prognosis

  • Prognosis Nontyphoid Salmonella is generally self-limiting. Most patients are treated on an outpatient basis. Extremes of age and an immunocompromised state increases morbidity and mortality. Typhoid Salmonella generally requires treatment.[emedicine.com]
  • There has been 1 case report of resolution of symptoms after installation of filters in an air-conditioning system, which lowered mold-colony counts. 24, 25 The overall prognosis for children with hypersensitivity pneumonitis is excellent.[doi.org]

Etiology

  • An etiologic agent was confirmed in 715 (60%); a food vehicle was identified in 387 (32%).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • In 72% of non-laboratory-confirmed outbreaks, the etiology was assigned by using clinical-epidemiological profiles; thus, 93% of outbreaks eventually were associated with an etiology.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Among the 18 reported deaths, 11 were attributed to bacterial etiologies (five Salmonella, three Listeria monocytogenes, two Escherichia coli O157:H7, and one Clostridium botulinum), two to viral etiologies (norovirus), and one to a chemical (mushroom[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Among 637 outbreaks (74%) with a confirmed etiology, scombrotoxin (349 [55%]) and ciguatoxin (227 [36%]) were by far most common.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Data reported for each outbreak include the number of illnesses, hospitalizations, and deaths; the etiologic agent; the implicated food vehicle; and other factors involved in food preparation and consumption.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Epidemiology

  • In 72% of non-laboratory-confirmed outbreaks, the etiology was assigned by using clinical-epidemiological profiles; thus, 93% of outbreaks eventually were associated with an etiology.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Guidelines for the epidemiological investigation of multi-jurisdictional outbreaks that are potentially foodborne (PDF 198 KB) Guidelines for the epidemiological investigation of multi-jurisdictional outbreaks that are potentially foodborne (Word 175[ozfoodnet.gov.au]
  • This paper describes the methodological framework developed by FERG's Computational Task Force to transform epidemiological information into FBD burden estimates.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Author information 1 French Armed Forces Center for Epidemiology and Public Health (CESPA), Marseille, France. s.watier.grillot@gmail.com. 2 French Ministry of Defense Joint Logistics and Supply Agency, Pantin, France. 3 French Armed Forces Center for[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • , Hald T 7 , Lake RJ 8 , Praet N 9 , Bellinger DC 10 , de Silva NR 11 , Gargouri N 12 , Speybroeck N 13 , Cawthorne A 14 , Mathers C 14 , Stein C 15 , Angulo FJ 16 , Devleesschauwer B 2, 9, 13, 17 ; World Health Organization Foodborne Disease Burden Epidemiology[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • Pathophysiology Salmonella infections most commonly begin with ingestion of bacteria in contaminated food or water. However, direct contact with animal and human carriers has also been implicated.[emedicine.com]
  • Further evidence for allergic pathophysiology in allergic fungal sinusitis. Laryngoscope. 1998 ; 108 : 1485 – 1496 Marple BF. Allergic fungal rhinosinusitis: current theories and management strategies.[doi.org]

Prevention

  • […] for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,Atlanta,GA,USA. 3 Division of Emergency and Environmental Health Services,National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,Atlanta[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • In food service operations, direct contact of food by hands should be prevented by the use of barriers, especially when gloves are not worn.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • […] and Health Effects, National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , Atlanta, Georgia . 3 3 Division of Global Health, Center for Global Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , Atlanta, Georgia .[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Outbreaks caused by C. perfringens occur regularly, are often large, and can cause substantial morbidity yet are preventable if contamination of raw meat and poultry products is prevented at the farm or slaughterhouse or, after contamination, if these[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Food workers should be instructed not to prepare food while ill to prevent the risk of transmitting pathogens.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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