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Frontometaphyseal Dysplasia


Presentation

  • These patients often are stigmatized related to their appearance and may present to the plastic surgeon for intervention.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Hypoventilation
  • Treatment with intermittent supplemental oxygen, nocturnal nasal volume ventilation, and posture modification was successful in partial resolution of chronic hypoventilation and excessive daytime somnolence.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Microstomia
  • Congenital heart disease, subglottic tracheal narrowing and genitourinary anomalies, muscular hypotonia.[ 3, 4 ] Micrognathia, microstomia and malocclusion of teeth may make direct laryngoscopy impossible; therefore, a well-planned airway strategy is[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Congenital heart disease, subglottic tracheal narrowing and genitourinary anomalies, muscular hypotonia. [3] , [4] Micrognathia, microstomia and malocclusion of teeth may make direct laryngoscopy impossible; therefore, a well-planned airway strategy is[joacp.org]
Selective Tooth Agenesis
  • tooth agenesis Short chin Skeletal muscle atrophy Stridor Wide nasal bridge Wrist flexion contracture Based on the frequency of symptoms observed, the following information may be noted: Very frequently present symptoms in 80-99% of the cases: Abnormality[dovemed.com]
Coxa Valga
  • Severe left sided coxa valga. Minor right sided coxa valga with lateral bowing of the right leg. CASES REPORT This Czech girl was born at 36 weeks of gestation to a 24 year old, gravida 1 para 1 mother and a healthy father.[czytelniamedyczna.pl]
  • Keywords Foramen Magnum Orthopaedic Complication Coxa Valga Sclerosing Bone Dysplasia Diaphyseal Dysplasia These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors.[link.springer.com]
  • valga Delayed eruption of teeth Dental malocclusion Elbow flexion contracture Genu valgum Hirsutism Hydroureter Increased density of long bone diaphyses Intellectual disability Knee flexion contracture Large foramen magnum Long foot Long phalanx of finger[dovemed.com]
  • Femoral capital epiphyses are flattened, with expansion of the femoral heads and coxa valga (hip deformity). Finger bones are undermodeled, with erosion and loss of joint space.[merckmanuals.com]
Winged Scapula
  • He has prominent supraorbital ridges, height-span disproportion, dental abnormalities, thick clavicles, pectus excavatum, winged scapulae, joint contractures, and generalized muscular underdevelopment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Scoliosis, cervical vertebral abnormalities and limited movement, and winged scapula. Flexion contracture of joints (particularly fingers), poorly developed musculature. Cardiac murmurs are common, but often no abnormalities are found.[accessanesthesiology.mhmedical.com]
Renal Stone
  • American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A 2015 A distinct X-linked syndrome involving joint contractures, keloids, large optic cup-to-disc ratio, and renal stones results from a filamin A (FLNA) mutation Lah et al.[pubfacts.com]
Amnesia
  • Ketamine was preferred in our case of anticipated difficult airway due to it's inherent sympathomimetic actions devoid of respiratory depression alongwith provision of excellent analgesia and amnesia.[ 5, 6, 7 ] Dexmedetomidine a specific and selective[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Ketamine was preferred in our case of anticipated difficult airway due to it's inherent sympathomimetic actions devoid of respiratory depression alongwith provision of excellent analgesia and amnesia. [5] , [6] , [7] Dexmedetomidine a specific and selective[joacp.org]
Somnolence
  • Treatment with intermittent supplemental oxygen, nocturnal nasal volume ventilation, and posture modification was successful in partial resolution of chronic hypoventilation and excessive daytime somnolence.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Treatment

  • Treatment with intermittent supplemental oxygen, nocturnal nasal volume ventilation, and posture modification was successful in partial resolution of chronic hypoventilation and excessive daytime somnolence.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Make the best clinical decisions with an enhanced emphasis on evidence-based practice and expert opinions on treatment strategies. Zero in on the most relevant and useful references with the aid of a more focused, concise bibliography.[books.google.com]
  • CLOSE Medical Disclaimer The medical information on this site is provided as an information resource only, and is not to be used or relied on for any diagnostic or treatment purposes.[diseaseinfosearch.org]
  • You may also want to contact a university or tertiary medical center in your area, because these centers tend to see more complex cases and have the latest technology and treatments.[rarediseases.info.nih.gov]

Prognosis

  • Prognosis depends on the progression of ankylosis and thoracic restriction (respiratory failure). Genitourinary tract obstructive anomalies and hydrocephaly are not unusual. Assessment of associated abnormalities, particularly the airway.[accessanesthesiology.mhmedical.com]
  • Prognosis The prognosis for individuals affected by sclerosing bone dysplasia varies greatly depending upon the type of sclerosing bone dysplasia and severity of symptoms.[encyclopedia.com]
  • The nature of their genetic condition and any other health issues, how quickly the child is diagnosed, and possible treatment options, all factor into a child’s long-term prognosis.[chop.edu]
  • An adequate genetic evaluation usually facilitates decisions about therapeutic intervention and gives clues about the prognosis. 2. Genetic disorders with primary effect on growth 2.1.[intechopen.com]

Etiology

  • Other features that may indicate a different etiology in these patients are the increased frequency of cleft palate, Robin sequence, tracheal stenosis, and mild intellectual disability, which all occur in three of more patients in the present group.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Etiology The exact pathogenesis of FMD is still unknown, however around half of cases of FMD are caused by gain of function mutations in the gene FLNA (Xq28) that encodes filamin A.[orpha.net]
  • (Etiology) Inheritance is X-linked.[dovemed.com]
  • […] interstitial and granulonodulo alveolar pattern 324 Interstitialreticular pulmonary pattern 326 Disseminated interstitial pneumonitis 327 The miliary pattern of pneumonia 328 Short linear andor wedgeshaped densities 329 Pulmonary edema in infancy and childhood Etiology[books.google.de]
  • A discussion based on a literature review of the mode of inheritance, of variation in the clinical expression, and of the etiology of hearing loss is also included.[opdsyndrome.org]

Epidemiology

  • Chapters on epidemiology, embryology, non-syndromic hearing loss, and syndromic forms of hearing loss have all been updated with particular attention to the vast amount of new information on molecular mechanisms, and chapters on clinical and molecular[books.google.de]
  • Summary Epidemiology To date, over 100 cases have been described in the literature.[orpha.net]
  • CRC Genetic Epidemiology Research Group, Princess Anne Hospital, Southampton, UK. We describe the prenatal diagnosis and post mortem findings, including fetal radiographs and bone histology, in a fetus with oto-palato-digital syndrome type II.[opdsyndrome.org]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Prevention

  • Currently, Frontometaphyseal Dysplasia may not be preventable, since it is a genetic disorder.[dovemed.com]
  • To have strong bones when you are young, and to prevent bone loss when you are older, you need to get enough calcium, vitamin D, and exercise. You should also avoid smoking and drinking too much alcohol. Bone diseases can make bones easy to break.[medlineplus.gov]
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Intersex (Medical Encyclopedia) [ Read More ][icdlist.com]
  • This is critical to preventing aortic dissection, which is often fatal.[genetests.org]
  • Charlie Oldfield (pictured aged three) was diagnosed with craniosynostosis at just 21 months old and had to undergo 10 gruelling operations to prevent his skull putting fatal pressure on his brain The tenth operation took five and a half hours and dismantled[dailymail.co.uk]

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