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Fungicide Poisoning

Poisoning by Fungicides with Undetermined Intent


Presentation

  • Abstract Background: Reproductive tract infections (RTIs) and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) present a huge burden of disease amongst youth in India (approx. 6%).[iapsmupuk.org]
  • Natural products with antimicrobial activity do not appear to be present.” ( source, emphasis mine) What About Organic Grapefruit Seed Extract? Even “pure organic” grapefruit seed extract contains roughly 60% diphenol hydroxybenzene.[mommypotamus.com]
  • Copper sulfate also presents health hazards to humans and larger animals since its actions are not specific to just fungi.[geneticliteracyproject.org]
  • Adverse health effects caused by selected classes of pesticides a Chemical/chemical class Examples of pesticides Clinical presentation Route of exposure b Arsenicals Arsenic trioxide, CCA, sodium arsenate Abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, garlic odour[who.int]
  • In fact not all the symptoms discussed above may be present at the same time. Therefore it is important to look more in-depth into the way pesticides affects specific systems in the body.[healthhype.com]
Fever
  • […] had one, and she got it stuck in her tooth anyway, but she had it in her mouth for a while, so I guess would have sucked the coating off if it had had one, and absorbed it. whomovedmychocolate Sat 14-Nov-09 14:18:33 Unlikely to be a fungal reaction - fever[mumsnet.com]
  • Breathing in copper dust and fumes may cause an acute syndrome of metal fume fever (MFF).[medlineplus.gov]
  • […] vomiting, dizziness O, R, D Phenol derivatives (Fungicide, wood preservative) Pentachlorophenol, dinitrophenol Skin, airway, and mucous membrane irritation, contact dermatitis, dyspnea, diaphoreses, urticaria, tachycardia, headache, abdominal pain, fever[who.int]
  • These illnesses might also include fever, headache, fatigue, or dizziness.[cdc.gov]
  • Four days later Prior was in Bethesda Naval Hospital with a 104.5 degree fever, his body covered with blisters. He died ten days later after a toxic substance had burned the skin from 80% of his body and caused his major organs to fail.[snopes.com]
Weakness
  • Investigation of a case of hydrogen arsenide poisoning 一起砷化氫中毒事故的調查 The usual poisoning of soporific are barbiturates, benzodiazepines of weak soporific and phenothiazines 常見的催眠安定劑有巴比妥類,苯並二氮卓類和吩噻嗪類藥物。 That ' s blood poisoning. septicemia 那是血液中毒,敗血病[dict.site]
  • […] changes in acetylcholines- terase enzyme of tissues Headache, dizziness, weak- ness, shaking, nausea, stomach cramps, diarrhea, sweating Minimal rashes but readily ab- sorbed through the skin Loss of appetite weakness, weight loss, and general feeling[psep.cce.cornell.edu]
  • Chemical/chemical class Examples of pesticides Clinical presentation Route of exposure b Arsenicals Arsenic trioxide, CCA, sodium arsenate Abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, garlic odour, metallic taste, bloody diarrhoea, headache, dizziness, drowsiness, weakness[who.int]
  • People with this syndrome have: Chest pain Chills Cough Fever General weakness Headache Metallic taste in the mouth Long-term exposure may cause lung inflammation and permanent scarring. This can lead to decreased lung function.[medlineplus.gov]
  • Three patients had nausea, and one patient each had pruritis, skin redness, eye pain, weakness, headache, dizziness, and chest pain.[cdc.gov]
Pain
  • .* The most common symptom was upper respiratory tract pain or irritation (26 patients), followed by chest pain (20 patients).[cdc.gov]
  • Adverse health effects caused by selected classes of pesticides a Chemical/chemical class Examples of pesticides Clinical presentation Route of exposure b Arsenicals Arsenic trioxide, CCA, sodium arsenate Abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, garlic odour[who.int]
  • Irritates eyes, nose, and throat Pain in eyes and nose; nosebleeds; abdominal pain Metal Phosphides aluminum phosphide C Phostoxin T Fumigants Injures lungs, liver, kidneys, heart and nervous system Nausea and vomiting followed by weakness, shaking,[psep.cce.cornell.edu]
  • The second major cause of STI/RTI is Lower abdominal pain 20.36%. Genital ulcer (Herpitic) 2%, Non-Herpitic ulcer is 3%. The overall prevalence in MP is 5.95%.[iapsmupuk.org]
  • Swallowing large amounts of copper may cause: Abdominal pain Diarrhea Vomiting Yellow skin and whites of the eyes (jaundice) Touching large amounts of copper can cause the hair to turn a different color (green).[medlineplus.gov]
Fatigue
  • , vomiting, skin/airway/mucous membrane irritation, renal dysfunction, coma O, R, D Coumarins (rodenticide) Brodifacoum, warfarin, pindone Echymoses, epistaxis, excessive bleeding, haematuria, prolonged prothrombin time, intracranial bleed, anaemia, fatigue[who.int]
  • These illnesses might also include fever, headache, fatigue, or dizziness.[cdc.gov]
  • Symptoms of mild poisoning headache sweating diarrhoea irritation of nose and throat eye irritation nausea fatigue changes of mood skin irritation insomnia loss of appetite thirst weakness restlessness dizziness sore joints nervousness Symptoms of severe[health.gov.au]
Low Fever
  • Chronic headaches, dizzi- ness, stomach- aches, salivation, low fever, garlic breath Coumarins, Indandiones, and other Anti-coagulants warfarin C Prevents blood from clotting Reaction if low accidental dose ingested Sodium Fluoroacetate Compound 1080[psep.cce.cornell.edu]
Dyspnea
  • […] headache, lethargy, tremor, kidney insufficiency O, R, D (broken skin) Carbamates (insecticide) Carbaryl, thiram, aldicarb, mecarbam Malaise, weakness, dizziness, sweating, headache, salivation, nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, abdominal pain, confusion, dyspnea[who.int]
Vomiting
  • […] got it stuck in her tooth anyway, but she had it in her mouth for a while, so I guess would have sucked the coating off if it had had one, and absorbed it. whomovedmychocolate Sat 14-Nov-09 14:18:33 Unlikely to be a fungal reaction - fever and profuse vomiting[mumsnet.com]
  • Adverse health effects caused by selected classes of pesticides a Chemical/chemical class Examples of pesticides Clinical presentation Route of exposure b Arsenicals Arsenic trioxide, CCA, sodium arsenate Abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, garlic odour[who.int]
  • , marine anti- fouling com- pounds, desi- ccants, herbi- cides, fungicides Toxic to liver, kidney, brain, bone marrow, and nervous system Headache, burning stomach pain, vomiting, diarrhea, dizzi- ness.[psep.cce.cornell.edu]
  • This can help her vomit sooner.[en.hesperian.org]
  • Some of the first symptoms that are seen with ingesting a pesticide is nausea and vomiting. Abdominal pain usually follows. These symptoms largely mimic gastroenteritis (stomach flu) and many people ignore it.[healthhype.com]
Nausea
  • nausea, constric- tion of throat, dizziness, nervous- ness.[psep.cce.cornell.edu]
  • Adverse health effects caused by selected classes of pesticides a Chemical/chemical class Examples of pesticides Clinical presentation Route of exposure b Arsenicals Arsenic trioxide, CCA, sodium arsenate Abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, garlic odour[who.int]
  • Three patients had nausea, and one patient each had pruritis, skin redness, eye pain, weakness, headache, dizziness, and chest pain.[cdc.gov]
  • Some of the first symptoms that are seen with ingesting a pesticide is nausea and vomiting. Abdominal pain usually follows. These symptoms largely mimic gastroenteritis (stomach flu) and many people ignore it.[healthhype.com]
  • Symptoms of long-term exposure include: Anemia (low red blood cell count) Burning sensation Chills Convulsions Diarrhea (often bloody and may be blue in color) Fever Liver failure, kidney failure Metallic taste in the mouth Muscle aches Nausea Pain Shock[medlineplus.gov]
Chest Pain
  • .* The most common symptom was upper respiratory tract pain or irritation (26 patients), followed by chest pain (20 patients).[cdc.gov]
  • People with this syndrome have: Chest pain Chills Cough Fever General weakness Headache Metallic taste in the mouth Long-term exposure may cause lung inflammation and permanent scarring. This can lead to decreased lung function.[medlineplus.gov]
Eye Irritation
  • Symptoms of mild poisoning headache sweating diarrhoea irritation of nose and throat eye irritation nausea fatigue changes of mood skin irritation insomnia loss of appetite thirst weakness restlessness dizziness sore joints nervousness Symptoms of severe[health.gov.au]
  • It has been associated with skin and eye irritation, and swallowing large volumes of it can cause nausea, vomiting and tissue damage. It has not been associated with cancer, but its long-term exposure effects are unknown.[geneticliteracyproject.org]
Red Eye
  • Three patients had nausea, and one patient each had pruritis, skin redness, eye pain, weakness, headache, dizziness, and chest pain.[cdc.gov]
Eye Pain
  • On July 12, a woman aged 40 years reported eye pain and headache, and a man aged 49 years reported eye pain, headache, and dizziness after pyraclostrobin drifted into the yard of their home.[cdc.gov]
Fear
  • Hightower puts the pieces together, she discovers questionable connections between ostensibly objective researchers and industries that fear regulation and bad press.[books.google.com]
  • The fear about poisoning is not unfounded even with the regulatory and medical advances these days. Many household goods that previously had the potential to be dangerous poisons have been made safer.[healthhype.com]
Irritability
  • […] skin and eye irritation.[cdc.gov]
  • الصفحة 128 - Irritant: A chemical, which is not corrosive, but which causes a reversible inflammatory effect on living tissue by chemical action at the site of contact.[books.google.com]
  • Irritant Slightly to moder- ately irritating to skin, eyes, nose, and throat Oxadiazola oxadiazon C Ronstar T Herbicides Irritant Irritating to skin and eyes Picolinic Acid triclopyr C Garlon T Herbicides Irritant Irritates lungs Irritating to skin,[psep.cce.cornell.edu]
  • , headache, restlessness, ataxia, confusion, seizures, urticaria O, D Dipyridil (herbicide) Paraquat, diquat Mucous membrane and airway irritation, abdominal pain, diarrhoea, vomiting, gastrointestinal bleeding, pulmonary oedema, dermatitis, renal and[who.int]
  • Human Health Some fungicides can irritate skin and eyes, while others may cause throat irritation and coughing when inhaled. Prolonged inhalation of certain fungicides, such as ziram, can cause neural and visual disturbances.[homeguides.sfgate.com]
Headache
  • These illnesses might also include fever, headache, fatigue, or dizziness.[cdc.gov]
  • […] selected classes of pesticides a Chemical/chemical class Examples of pesticides Clinical presentation Route of exposure b Arsenicals Arsenic trioxide, CCA, sodium arsenate Abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, garlic odour, metallic taste, bloody diarrhoea, headache[who.int]
  • Blisters and redness on the skin Liver damage, weight loss, and jaundice Carbon disulfide Fumigants Injury to nervous system Headache, dizzi- ness, nausea, and disorientation Irritates eyes, nose, and throat.[psep.cce.cornell.edu]
  • The ten main symptoms are: Excessive salivation Tearing of the eyes Diarrhea Vomiting Difficulty breathing Abdominal pains Agitation, irritability or even seizures Confusion or even hallucinations Headache Generalized weakness SLUDGEM and MUDDLES As a[healthhype.com]
  • Even before the last hole Prior was complaining of a headache; by nightfall he was feverish and nauseated and had developed a rash. Four days later Prior was in Bethesda Naval Hospital with a 104.5 degree fever, his body covered with blisters.[snopes.com]
Dizziness
  • These illnesses might also include fever, headache, fatigue, or dizziness.[cdc.gov]
  • Blisters and redness on the skin Liver damage, weight loss, and jaundice Carbon disulfide Fumigants Injury to nervous system Headache, dizzi- ness, nausea, and disorientation Irritates eyes, nose, and throat.[psep.cce.cornell.edu]
  • […] classes of pesticides a Chemical/chemical class Examples of pesticides Clinical presentation Route of exposure b Arsenicals Arsenic trioxide, CCA, sodium arsenate Abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, garlic odour, metallic taste, bloody diarrhoea, headache, dizziness[who.int]
  • No CNS effect(2) (cannot cross blood brain barrier) Convulsion, dizziness Allergic reaction like sneezing, running nose, tremor, anxiety, convulsion Itching, redness of skin, ataxia vomiting, diarrhea, hypotension, hypothermia Fuzi One associated with[indianpediatrics.net]
  • Symptoms of mild poisoning headache sweating diarrhoea irritation of nose and throat eye irritation nausea fatigue changes of mood skin irritation insomnia loss of appetite thirst weakness restlessness dizziness sore joints nervousness Symptoms of severe[health.gov.au]
Burning Sensation
  • Symptoms of long-term exposure include: Anemia (low red blood cell count) Burning sensation Chills Convulsions Diarrhea (often bloody and may be blue in color) Fever Liver failure, kidney failure Metallic taste in the mouth Muscle aches Nausea Pain Shock[medlineplus.gov]
  • Injure liver, kidney, and nervous system Prompt vomit- ing, burning sensation in stomach, dia- rrhea, muscle twitching Moderately irritating to eyes, skin, and lungs Do not remain in body; passed out within hours or days Paraquat and Diquat Herbicides[psep.cce.cornell.edu]
Difficulty Concentrating
  • The woman was nauseated, tired, and had difficulty concentrating, but a litany of tests revealed no apparent cause. She was not alone. Dr.[books.google.com]

Treatment

  • Moderate-severity illness or injury consists of non--life-threatening health effects that generally are systemic and require medical treatment.[cdc.gov]
  • In case of others- non-specifice Treatment given Atropine 0.05 mg/kg (repeated every 10-15 min) and then maintenance 0.02 to 0.05 mg/kg (at least 24 h) 2 - PAM (25-50 mg/kg) infused over 15-30 min as soon as possible (not later than 24 h).[indianpediatrics.net]
  • By GRETCHEN REYNOLDS Photo Credit Getty Images You asked How to Stop a Hot Flash Effective treatments are available to stop the discomfort of menopause symptoms.[nytimes.com]
  • Each kind of poisoning needs a different kind of treatment. When pesticides get on the skin Most pesticide poisonings are from pesticides being absorbed through the skin.[en.hesperian.org]
  • Early Managementafter Self Poisoning with an Organophosphorous or CarbamatePesticide: A Treatment Protocol for Junior Doctors. CriticalCare. 2004;8:391-7.[revistas.unimilitar.edu.co]

Epidemiology

  • الصفحة 69 - Epidemiology is defined as the study of the distribution and determinants of health-related states or events in specified populations, and the application of this study to control of health problems. ‏[books.google.com]
  • Pesticide Exposures andDevelopmental Outcomes: The Epidemiological Evidence.Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Healt. Part B.2007;10:41-80. Vale J A. Toxicokinetic and Toxicodynamic Aspects of OrganophosphorousInsecticide Poisoning.[revistas.unimilitar.edu.co]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • Sleisenger and Fordtran's Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease: Pathophysiology/Diagnosis/Management. 10th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2015:chap 89. Nelson LS. Copper. In: Hoffman RS, Howland MA, Lewin NA, Nelson LS, Goldfrank LR, eds.[medlineplus.gov]

Prevention

  • Prevention of Crops Contamination by Fungi and Mycotoxins Using Natural Substances Derived from Lycopersiconesculentum Mill. Leaves. Journal of Food Security. 2013; 1(2):16-26. doi: 10.12691/jfs-1-2-2.[sciepub.com]
  • The article offers ideas on preventing additional illnesses associated with pyraclostrobin exposure. Related Articles Pesticide Use and Self-Reported Symptoms of Acute Pesticide Poisoning among Aquatic Farmers in Phnom Penh, Cambodia.[connection.ebscohost.com]
  • This report describes those five events and provides recommendations for preventing additional illnesses associated with exposure to pyraclostrobin. Event A.[cdc.gov]
  • The technology to prevent bee kills exists, but cooperation between the farmer and beekeeper is necessary to prevent damage from pesticides.[www1.agric.gov.ab.ca]
  • Atropine does NOT prevent pesticide poisoning. It only delays the effects of poisoning. Atropine should never be taken before spraying. IMPORTANT![en.hesperian.org]

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