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Galactorrhea-Amenorrhea Syndrome

Galactorrhea Amenorrhea Syndrome


Presentation

  • Those of our colleagues who had presented papers at the symposium, as well as a number of others, were invited to contribute to this volume, which should serve as a presentation of the "state of the art" on all aspects of pitu itary tumors.[books.google.com]
  • Clinical neurology}, year {1997}, volume {37 6}, pages { 483-6 } } Masami Tanaka , Takaaki Suzuki , 1 author Hiroki Harayama Published 1997 in Rinsho shinkeigaku Clinical neurology Patients with multiple sclerosis sometimes show subthalamic lesions presenting[semanticscholar.org]
  • Methods: We present a detailed history, findings on physical examination, laboratory data, and results of diagnostic imaging in a 25-year-old woman.[doi.org]
  • Ahumada-del Castillo syndrome — galactorrhea amenorrhea syndrome with low gonadotropin secretion … Medical dictionary Forbes-Albright syndrome — galactorrhea amenorrhea syndrome not associated with pregnancy; usually a prolactin secreting pituitary tumor is present[medicine.academic.ru]
  • In approximately 10-15% of patients with blood in the fluid, carcinoma of the breast tissue is present. A number of medications and drugs can also cause galactorrhea as a side-effect.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]
Military Personnel
  • Vaccine may be considered for institutionalized persons and workers in these institutions, military personnel, and day-care, hospital, and laboratory workers. ‏[books.google.com]
Pathologist
  • We felt that such a book would be of value to endocrinologists, neurosurgeons, neuroradiologists, and pathologists who are involved in the investigation or care of patients with pituitary disorders.[books.google.com]
  • Chiari is… … Medical dictionary Chiari syndrome — or Chiari s disease may refer to one of the following diseases named after the 19th century Austrian pathologist Hans Chiari: Arnold Chiari malformation, or simply Chiari malformation, a malformation of[medicine.academic.ru]
Excoriation
  • Results: Dermatologic evaluation of the patient revealed lichen simplex chronicus with multiple excoriations on the anterior chest area and lower extremities. High serum prolactin concentrations and easily expressible galactorrhea were present.[doi.org]
Hemianopsia
  • Periodic assessment of the visual fields showed an increase in size of the blind spots after 10 weeks and a moderate bitemporal hemianopsia after 22 weeks, which improved spontaneously after 30 weeks of pregnancy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Agalactia
  • Chǎn Hòu Dà Biàn Nán 产后大便难 548 Postpartum Retention of Urine Chǎn Hòu Xiǎo Biàn Bù Tōng 556 Postpartum Profuse Sweating Chǎn Hòu Hàn Chū 产后汗出 566 Postpartum Body Pain Chǎn Hòu Shēn Tòng 产后身痛 574 Postpartum Depression Chǎn Hòu Yì Yù 产后抑郁 588 Postpartum Agalactia[books.google.com]
Convulsions
  • Jīng Xíng Fā Rè 经行发热 258 Menstrual Rubella Jīng Xíng Fēng Zhěn Kuài 经行风疹块 271 Menstrual Diarrhea Jīng Xíng Xiè Xiè 经行泄泻 280 Leucorrhea Diseases Dài Xià Bìng 带下病 340 Vertigo during Pregnancy Rèn Shēn Xuàn Yūn 妊娠眩晕 466 Postpartum Diseases 478 Postpartum Convulsions[books.google.com]
Bitemporal Hemianopsia
  • Periodic assessment of the visual fields showed an increase in size of the blind spots after 10 weeks and a moderate bitemporal hemianopsia after 22 weeks, which improved spontaneously after 30 weeks of pregnancy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Amenorrhea
  • In two other women with prolonged secondary amenorrhea but without hyperprolactinemia or galactorrhea, pyridoxine at dosages up to 600 mg/day did not restore ovulatory menses.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Secondary Amenorrhea
  • In two other women with prolonged secondary amenorrhea but without hyperprolactinemia or galactorrhea, pyridoxine at dosages up to 600 mg/day did not restore ovulatory menses.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • In 2 other women with prolonged secondary amenorrhea but without hyperprolactinemia or galactorrhea, dosages up to 600 mg/day did not restore ovulatory menses.[popline.org]
  • Treatment of primary and secondary amenorrhea is determined by the specific cause.[medicinenet.com]
  • Secondary amenorrhea is cessation of menses after they have begun.[msdmanuals.com]
Enlarged Uterus
  • Uterus 132 Dysmenorrhea 139 Dyspareunia and Chronic Pelvic Pain 146 Rape 302 Lesbian Health Issues 308 Subject Index 337 حقوق النشر مقاطع مشهورة الصفحة 63 - Prevention. 1999 USPHS/IDSA guidelines for the prevention of opportunistic infections in persons[books.google.com]
  • uterus fibroids are rubbery consistency boggy, tender, symmetrically enlarged uterus restricted motion of cervix thickened, tender adnexae fever adenomyosis endometriosis leiomyoma polyps pelvic heaviness/change in abdominal contour pain intrabdominal[quizlet.com]

Workup

  • Patients deserve a thorough workup. Postgrad Med. 2000;107:165-68, 171. Olive D. Indications for hyperprolactinemia therapy. J Reproduct Med. 1999;44(12 Suppl):1091-94. Luciano AA. Clinical presentation of hyperprolactinemia.[rarediseases.org]
  • D&C for retained products of pregnancy - scarring of endometrium/adhesions lysis of adhesions estrogen therapy balloon/IUD to help keep uterine walls separated ALL who have a uterus -pregnancy testing -TSH -serum prolactin dx - primary amenorrhea - workup[quizlet.com]
Prolactin Increased
  • Review Topic QID: 106775 1 Decreased prolactin, decreased FSH, decreased LH 2 Decreased prolactin, increased FSH, increased LH 3 Increased prolactin, decreased FSH, increased LH 4 Increased prolactin, decreased FSH, decreased LH 5 Increased prolactin,[medbullets.com]

Treatment

  • Plasma levels of FSH, LH, prolactin, total estrogens and progesterone were measured by radioimmunoassy before and after treatment initiation. Prior to treatment, plasma prolactin levels were in all cases supraphysiological.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Treatment Treatment for galactorrhea will depend on the cause of the condition and the symptoms. The drug bromocriptine is often prescribed first to reduce the secretion of prolactin and to decrease the size of pituitary tumors .[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]
  • […] pyridoxine treatment of 200-600 mg/day.[popline.org]

Prognosis

  • Prognosis Treatment with bromocriptine is usually effective in stopping milk secretion, however, symptoms may recur if drug therapy is discontinued.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]
  • However, given the time constraints of modern ambulatory medicine, consultation with an endocrinologist is often necessary. [3] Prognosis [ edit ] The prognosis for patients with prolactinomas is good: most remain stable or regress.[en.wikipedia.org]
  • If prolactin is high, a doctor will test thyroid function and ask first about other conditions and medications known to raise prolactin secretion Prognosis - Ahumada-Del Castillo syndrome Not supplied.[checkorphan.org]
  • This therapy is given in two forms: Gamma knife or stereotactic radiosurgery Conventional radiation Prolactinoma Prognosis The outcome of patients is based on the accomplishment of medical treatment or surgery.[hxbenefit.com]

Etiology

  • The overview includes definitions, characteristics and categories; etiologies and pathomechanisms are depicted in the form of flow charts convenient for memorization.[books.google.com]
  • A review of the related literature and speculations about possible etiologic factors for this association are provided.[doi.org]
  • Use Additional Use Additional Help Certain conditions have both an underlying etiology and multiple body system manifestations due to the underlying etiology.[icd10data.com]
  • Etiology, diagnosis, and treatment of primary amenorrhea. In: UpToDate (Eds: Snyder PJ, Crowley Jr WF, Kirkland JL). Accessed 2013.05.05.[sketchymedicine.com]
  • […] folliculogenesis and thus no ovulation/menstuation most causes of hypothalmic-pituitary dysfunction "functional" origin - can be corrected by modifying casual behavior, stimulating gonadotropin secretion, giving exogenous human menopausal gonadotropins etiology[quizlet.com]

Epidemiology

  • In pregnant women, prolactinomas must be observed closely because the lesions may greatly increase in size. [4] Epidemiology [ edit ] Hyperprolactinemia occurs more commonly in women.[en.wikipedia.org]
  • Natural menopause on average begins at age 51. 5 In another study, 6 16 of 32 women with PCOS had Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression Rating Scale scores indicating depression ( 16).[mdedge.com]
  • Epidemiology Primary amenorrhea: 0.3% prevalence Secondary amenorrhea: 1-3% prevalence IV.[faculty.washington.edu]
  • There is a physiological increase in PRL levels in response to pregnancy, breast stimulation (especially sucking), stress, sleep, dehydration, sexual intercourse, seizures, exercise and food ingestion. [ 2 ] Epidemiology [ 1 ] Galactorrhoea is much more[patient.info]
  • […] surgical disruption of the presacral nerves presacral neruectomy reserved for patients who do not respond to traditional medical therapy those whose pain is incapacitating presence of endometrial glands and stroma in any extrauterine site endometriosis - epidemiology[quizlet.com]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • […] primary dysmenorrhea - due to underlying pathophysiology failure to respond to NSAIDs reevaluation of symptoms (rarely fails) non-pharmacological treatment of dysmenorrhea 1. application of continuous, low-level heating pad/hot water bottle to abdomen[quizlet.com]
  • Hyperprolactinemia: pathophysiology and management. Treat Endocrinol. 2003;2:23-32. Lamberts SW, Quik RF. A comparison of the efficacy and safety of pergolide and bromocriptine in the treatment of hyperprolactinemia.[rarediseases.org]
  • Pathophysiology The main function of Prolactin is to initiate and maintain the lactation. This is a lactogenic hormone synthesized by the pituitary gland. Prolactin induces ductal growth, develops lobular system and synthesis of milk production.[labpedia.net]
  • In Reproductive Endocrinology: Physiology, Pathophysiology and Clinical Management, edited by SSC Yen and RB Jaffe. Philadelphia, WB Saunders Company, 1978, p. 493.[merckmanuals.com]

Prevention

  • Prior radiotherapy need not prevent visual complications from enlargement of pituitary adenomas during pregnancy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • . 1999 USPHS/IDSA guidelines for the prevention of opportunistic infections in persons infected with human immunodeficiency virus. ‏[books.google.com]
  • Prevention There is no way to prevent galactorrhea. If the condition is caused by the use of a particular drug, a patient may be able to switch to a different drug that does not have the side-effect of galactorrhea. Resources Books "Galactorrhea."[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

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