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Gastrointestinal Disorder

Diseases Gastrointestinal


Presentation

  • Although many children with aerophagia present with upper gastrointestinal symptoms, the disorder appears to be distinct from functional dyspepsia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Fatigue
  • However, some people may have troublesome symptoms, especially abdominal cramps, bloating, heartburn, and diarrhea combined with other problems accompanied by companion symptoms, including, migraine, chronic fatigue syndrome or fibromyalgia 3.[cellsciencesystems.com]
  • In fact, unexplained physical complaints, as a whole,—fatigue, headache, stomach upset, nausea, diarrhea, constipation, dizziness, musculoskeletal pains—were more commonly reported in individuals with an anxiety disorder and/or depression.[verywell.com]
  • […] symptoms include: A change in normal bowel habits Blood on or in the stool that is either bright or dark Unusual abdominal or gas pains Very narrow stool A feeling that the bowel has not emptied completely after passing stool Unexplained weight loss Fatigue[my.clevelandclinic.org]
  • When symptoms do become apparent, they often include blood on or mixed in with the stool, sometimes severe weight loss, irregular bowel habits, abdominal pain, and fatigue.[balancedwellbeinghealthcare.com]
  • CLINICAL AND DIAGNOSTIC RECOMMENDATIONS The child may also complain of headache, light-headedness, dizziness, nausea (without vomiting), and fatigue.[gut.bmj.com]
Abdominal Pain
  • The most common gastrointestinal symptoms were abdominal pain, distention and frequent belching.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Diarrhea
  • Gastrointestinal (GI) disturbances commonly include symptoms of stomach pain, heartburn, diarrhea, constipation, nausea, and vomiting. When no medical cause for GI disturbances is found, they are often termed “functional GI symptoms.”[verywell.com]
  • FUNCTIONAL DIARRHEA Functional diarrhea (commonly also known as toddlers’ diarrhea or chronic nonspecific diarrhea) is defined by the daily painless passage of 3 large, unformed stools for 4 weeks with onset between 6 and 36 months of age (1).[journals.lww.com]
  • For instance, irritable bowel syndrome and inflammatory bowel disease are chronic disorders that results in abdominal pain, cramps, diarrhea and possibly constipation.[study.com]
  • Symptoms can include abdominal pain, diarrhea, nausea, severe vomiting, difficulty swallowing, and, at times, obstruction.[elecare.com]
  • How Medical Cannabis cured my Gastrointestinal Disease "After 11 months of diarrhea and extreme stomach pain, I diagnosed with Crohn's Disease.[420evaluationsonline.com]
Nausea
  • Children with functional dyspepsia had a higher prevalence of nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain and unintentional weight loss compared to children with aerophagia (all P 0.05).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Symptoms can include abdominal pain, diarrhea, nausea, severe vomiting, difficulty swallowing, and, at times, obstruction.[elecare.com]
  • Many researchers have concluded that Cannabis Medicine can modulate the endogenous cannabinoid system - to provides new treatment options for nausea, vomiting, ulcers, irritable bowel syndrome, Crohn’s, diarrhea, and heartburn.[420evaluationsonline.com]
  • These symptoms include: Chronic pain Nausea & vomiting Rectal bleeding and more![abcor.com]
  • Gastrointestinal (GI) disturbances commonly include symptoms of stomach pain, heartburn, diarrhea, constipation, nausea, and vomiting. When no medical cause for GI disturbances is found, they are often termed “functional GI symptoms.”[verywell.com]
Dyspepsia
  • dyspepsia and H. pylori.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • FUNCTIONAL DYSPEPSIA Dyspepsia refers to pain or discomfort centered in the upper abdomen (see also functional dyspepsia in adults).[gut.bmj.com]
Gastropathy
  • Among them, five (Crohn's disease, n 3; autoimmune gastropathy, n 1; autoimmune enteropathy, n 1) received TAC for 1 year, and underwent kidney biopsy. All five had achieved remission on TAC, but had histological evidence of chronic nephrotoxicity.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Workup

  • Achalasia Barrett’s Esophagus Esophageal Cancer Stomach (Gastric) Cancer Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) Gastroparesis Peptic Ulcer Disease Swallowing Disorders Liver Alcoholic Liver Disease Hepatocellular Carcinoma (Liver Cancer) Liver Transplant Workup[hopkinsmedicine.org]
  • Indeed, conditions that would readily be accepted as benign in older children, such as constipation or regurgitation, often prompt extensive workup by concerned physicians and anxious parents.[journals.lww.com]

Treatment

  • If confirmed in future studies, the findings point towards a more differential psychopharmacologic treatment of FGD.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Prognosis

  • Despite their favorable prognosis, such disorders often are extensively investigated and treated with multiple dietary changes and use of medications of uncertain benefit.[journals.lww.com]
  • The long-term prognosis is unclear and there is much work required to find a cure, including plenty of research.[badgut.org]
  • An increase in diagnosis of pancreatic exocrine insufficiency could improve the management and prognosis of these patients.[tri.edu.au]
  • When associated with gastrointestinal adenocarcinomas, the sign of Léser-Trelat carries a poor prognosis.[dermnetnz.org]

Etiology

  • The reason being that these conditions often have a multifactorial etiology, making it difficult to pin point a single, exact cause. However, upon delving a bit deeper than surface symptoms we can gather more information on what might be going on.[richmondnaturalmed.com]
  • Perceived food intolerance in subjects with irritable bowel syndrome – etiology, prevalence and consequences. E J Clin Nutr 2006;60:667–72. Bohn L, Storsrud S, Tornblom H, Bengtsson U, Simren M.[racgp.org.au]

Epidemiology

  • J Neurogastroenterol Motil 2012; 18(1): 13-18 Psychological Co-morbidity in Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders: Epidemiology, Mechanisms and Management Institute of Digestive Disease, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong.[jnmjournal.org]
  • The epidemiology of childhood recurrent abdominal pain in Western countries: a systematic review. Am J Gastroenterol 2005;100:1868–75. Spee LA, Lisman-Van LY, Benninga MA, Bierma-Zeinstra SM, Berger MY.[racgp.org.au]
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease Knowledge Centre The Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) Knowledge Centre contains key information relating to the epidemiology and pathophysiology of Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis, highlighting prevalence, impact and[epgonline.org]
  • Epidemiology of the IBD. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Available online at . Accessed 8/3/2016. Basson, M., et al. (2015 November 18). Ulcerative Colitis. Medscape. Available online at . Accessed 8/3/2016. ( 2016).[labtestsonline.it]
  • The reader is referred to other publications for detailed clinical, epidemiologic, physiologic, and psychological considerations. 7 8 For certain disorders (e.g., IBS and functional dyspepsia), criteria in the adult population were replicated exactly[gut.bmj.com]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • In recent years, however, new observations and studies of the afferent nervous system have extended our concepts of both IBS and dyspepsia and suggest that these conditions may have common triggers and expression from similar pathophysiological processes[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Kristin Verbeke TARGID aims to provide insight in physiological and pathophysiological mechanisms in order to identify new targets ultimately leading to better therapies for gastrointestinal disorders such as functional and inflammatory bowel diseases[gbiomed.kuleuven.be]

Prevention

  • The findings indicate opportunities for prevention and support the role of adverse socioeconomic factors in development of FGIDs in patients with psychological disorders.[gastro.org]
  • Can gastrointestinal disease be prevented? Many diseases of the colon and rectum can be prevented or minimized by maintaining a healthy lifestyle, practicing good bowel habits, and submitting to cancer screening.[my.clevelandclinic.org]
  • Fortunately, the vast majority of these conditions are entirely preventable and often times easily remedied. Let the caring staff at Balanced Well-Being Healthcare of Fort Collins help![balancedwellbeinghealthcare.com]
  • Prevention of Pancreatitis Some steps can be taken to prevent pancreatitis (by type): Any type of pancreatitis: Avoid high-fat food; eat vegetable-rich diet; drink enough fluid Gallstone pancreatitis: Surgically remove gall bladder Alcohol- or tobacco-induced[pamf.org]
  • Jul 19, 2016 Journal Article Screening for Colorectal Cancer: Updated Evidence Report and Systematic Review for the US Preventive Services Task Force This study systematically reviewed the evidence on the effectiveness, diagnostic accuracy, and harms[rand.org]

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