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Generalized Anxiety Disorder

General Anxiety Disorder


Presentation

  • As a result, the clinical presentation can fluctuate in intensity.[flexikon.doccheck.com]
  • The anxiety and worry are associated with three (or more) of the following six symptoms (with at least some symptoms present for more days than not for the past 6 months; children do not need to meet as many criteria–only 1 is needed).[psychcentral.com]
Fatigue
  • Affected individuals experience inner unrest, are easily fatigued, irritable and have trouble concentrating.[flexikon.doccheck.com]
  • […] aches and pains colon spasms Central Nervous System diarrhea and/or constipation apprehensive, aroused and vigilant cramp-like pains in the upper stomach feeling "on edge," impatient, or irritable Respiratory System insomnia hyperventilation symptoms fatigue[anxieties.com]
  • Symptoms include chronic, pervasive anxiety and worry accompanied by nonspecific physical and psychological symptoms (restlessness, fatigue, difficulty concentrating, irritability, muscle tension, or sleep disturbances).[annals.org]
  • Restlessness or feeling keyed up or on edge Being easily fatigued Difficulty concentrating or mind going blank Irritability Muscle tension Sleep disturbance (difficulty falling or staying asleep, or restless unsatisfying sleep) Additionally, the anxiety[psychcentral.com]
  • The anxiety is often accompanied by one or more of the following symptoms: Fatigue Irritability (a tendency to get angry easily) Sleeping difficulties Headaches Nausea Diarrhea Excessive sweating Trembling Restlessness (severe agitation) Heart palpitations[quebec.ca]
Nausea
  • The anxiety is often accompanied by one or more of the following symptoms: Fatigue Irritability (a tendency to get angry easily) Sleeping difficulties Headaches Nausea Diarrhea Excessive sweating Trembling Restlessness (severe agitation) Heart palpitations[quebec.ca]
Panic Attacks
  • The individuals who had GAD panic attacks had higher scores on the Anxiety Sensitivity Index compared with those who also had other types of panic attacks.[journals.lww.com]
  • attack (though panic attacks can occur within a person with GAD), being embarrassed in public (as in social phobia), being contaminated (as in obsessive-compulsive disorder), being away from home or close relatives (as in separation anxiety disorder)[psychcentral.com]
  • Treatment of panic attacks using cognitive therapy without exposure or breathing retraining. Behav. Res. Ther. 29, 161–166. doi: 10.3109/02770903.2015.1033724 PubMed Abstract CrossRef Full Text Google Scholar Sartorius, N., Ustün, T.[frontiersin.org]
Irritability
  • Their worries are accompanied by physical symptoms, especially trembling, twitching, muscle tension, headaches, irritability, sweating, or hot flashes. They may feel lightheaded or out of breath.[psychcentral.com]
  • Affected individuals experience inner unrest, are easily fatigued, irritable and have trouble concentrating.[flexikon.doccheck.com]
  • […] tension headaches the gurgling sounds of gas in the intestines other aches and pains colon spasms Central Nervous System diarrhea and/or constipation apprehensive, aroused and vigilant cramp-like pains in the upper stomach feeling "on edge," impatient, or irritable[anxieties.com]
  • Symptoms include chronic, pervasive anxiety and worry accompanied by nonspecific physical and psychological symptoms (restlessness, fatigue, difficulty concentrating, irritability, muscle tension, or sleep disturbances).[annals.org]
  • The anxiety is often accompanied by one or more of the following symptoms: Fatigue Irritability (a tendency to get angry easily) Sleeping difficulties Headaches Nausea Diarrhea Excessive sweating Trembling Restlessness (severe agitation) Heart palpitations[quebec.ca]
Headache
  • […] difficulty maintaining an erection cold fingers Gastrointestinal System Musculoskeletal System dry mouth muscles tense difficulty swallowing involuntary trembling of the body "butterflies" in the stomach tension headaches the gurgling sounds of gas in[anxieties.com]
  • […] anxiety about things before, during, and after they happen Excessive anxiety about safety and health, including the safety and health of loved ones Excessive anxiety about school that causes a child or teen to avoid going to school Frequent stomachaches, headaches[childrensnational.org]
  • Their worries are accompanied by physical symptoms, especially trembling, twitching, muscle tension, headaches, irritability, sweating, or hot flashes. They may feel lightheaded or out of breath.[psychcentral.com]
  • The anxiety is often accompanied by one or more of the following symptoms: Fatigue Irritability (a tendency to get angry easily) Sleeping difficulties Headaches Nausea Diarrhea Excessive sweating Trembling Restlessness (severe agitation) Heart palpitations[quebec.ca]
Sleep Disturbance
  • Symptoms include chronic, pervasive anxiety and worry accompanied by nonspecific physical and psychological symptoms (restlessness, fatigue, difficulty concentrating, irritability, muscle tension, or sleep disturbances).[annals.org]
  • Restlessness or feeling keyed up or on edge Being easily fatigued Difficulty concentrating or mind going blank Irritability Muscle tension Sleep disturbance (difficulty falling or staying asleep, or restless unsatisfying sleep) Additionally, the anxiety[psychcentral.com]

Treatment

  • Treatment Generalized anxiety disorder is an illness that can be treated. There are known treatments available to treat this disorder. Treatments allow people affected to regain control of their lives and daily activities.[quebec.ca]
  • "Treatment of generalized anxiety disorder". Psychiatry. 6 (5): 183–187. doi : 10.1016/j.mppsy.2007.03.003.[en.wikipedia.org]
  • Treatment for Generalized Anxiety Disorder Following a full assessment, a member of the Children’s National care team will discuss treatment options with the child or teen and his or her family.[childrensnational.org]
  • CME Objective: To review current evidence for screening, diagnosis, treatment, and practice improvement of generalized anxiety disorder. Funding Source: American College of Physicians. Disclosures: Drs.[annals.org]
  • General Treatment of Generalized Anxiety Disorder This criteria has been updated for the current DSM-5 (2013); diagnostic code 300.02. References American Psychiatric Association. (2013).[psychcentral.com]

Epidemiology

  • "The Epidemiology of Generalized Anxiety Disorder". Psychiatric Clinics of North America. 24 (1): 19–39. doi : 10.1016/S0193-953X(05)70204-5. PMID 11225507. a b c Craighead, W. Edward (2013).[en.wikipedia.org]
  • Avoiding driving a car Not answering the phone at times Frequent visits to the doctor Reassuring with the social environment that seems excessive 2.2 Frequent areas of fear Health Finances Work Family and social environment World affairs Relationships 3 Epidemiology[flexikon.doccheck.com]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • Retrieved 2018-12-19. a b "Anxiety Disorders: Background, Anatomy, Pathophysiology". 1 December 2016 – via eMedicine. Kessler, Ronald C.; Chiu, WT; Demler, O; Merikangas, KR; Walters, EE (2005).[en.wikipedia.org]

Prevention

  • If you have suicidal thoughts and fear for your safety, or that of people around you, see the Preventing suicide page. You will find further information on help and resources available.[quebec.ca]
  • Allgulander C, Florea I, Huusom AK: Prevention of relapse in generalized anxiety disorder by escitalopram treatment. Int J Neuropsychopharmacol 2006; 9: 495–505. CrossRef MEDLINE e46.[aerzteblatt.de]

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