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Hemophilus Influenza Infection

H Influenzae as Cause/diseases Classified/other Chapters


Presentation

  • Presents important “take home concepts within each chapter to help you recall clinical pearls. Includes the most need-to-know basic science, focusing on providing clear implications for patient care.[books.google.de]
  • Hib, for example may present as epiglottitis (severe swelling in the throat) or pneumonia.[immune.org.nz]
  • The case involves a 37-year-old man with underlying illnesses, who has presented with fever, productive cough, runny nose and shortness of breath since August 2.[info.gov.hk]
  • Presentation [ 1 ] The most common presentation (60% of all cases) of invasive Hib disease is meningitis, frequently accompanied by bacteraemia.[patient.info]
  • This diagnosis should still be considered when a person presents with fever and signs of upper respiratory obstruction resembling croup.[www2.health.vic.gov.au]
Falling
  • Abortions Alcohol Assisted insemination Asthma and hay fever Bites, burns, cuts and pests Blood, organ and tissue Cancer Challenging behaviour Chemicals and contaminants Diabetes Dementia Dental care Drugs End of life care Essure contraceptive device Falls[sahealth.sa.gov.au]
  • The number of notified cases has continued to fall. Invasive Hib disease is now only very rarely seen in Victorian children. There has been no evidence of a shift in Hib cases to older age groups.[www2.health.vic.gov.au]
Weakness
  • Older children should also have the vaccine if they: Have sickle cell disease Don’t have a spleen Have a weak immune system Have HIV When to Call a Healthcare Provider Call the healthcare provider if your child has: Symptoms that don’t get better, or[stlouischildrens.org]
  • Cefaclor has weak activity against beta-lactamase–producing bacteria and causes a serum sickness–like illness in 2% of patients. Approximately 25-50% of NTHi strains produce beta-lactamase and, therefore, are resistant to amoxicillin and ampicillin.[emedicine.medscape.com]

Treatment

  • Antibiotics and supportive care These are the mainstays of treatment.[emedicine.medscape.com]
  • Some people with certain medical conditions have an increased risk of infection, for example, those without a functioning spleen, and those who are immune compromised from a disease or treatment of a disease.[immune.org.nz]
  • There may be variations in treatment that your pediatrician may recommend based on individual facts and circumstances.[healthychildren.org]
  • Uses extensive color-coded algorithms to facilitate quick diagnosis, management, and treatment decisions. Organizes material to parallel your clinical decision making process.[books.google.de]

Prognosis

  • Treatment and prognosis Mortality rates in patients with H. influenzae pneumonia have been reported as ranging around 10-42% Promoted articles (advertising)[radiopaedia.org]
  • Prognosis The sequelae following Hib meningitis may include deafness, convulsions and intellectual impairment.[patient.info]

Etiology

  • S. pneumoniae and H. influenzae are the most frequent pathogens responsible for respiratory tract infections etiology.[ibn.idsi.md]
  • A consistent chapter format enables you to rapidly and effortlessly locate the most current protocols on manifestations, etiologies, triggers, approaches to treatment, complications, and preventative strategies.[books.google.de]
  • Etiologic Agent H. influenzae is a pleomorphic gram-negative coccobacillus. H. influenzae may be either encapsulated (typeable) or unencapsulated (nontypeable).[cdc.gov]
  • Vishniakova LA, Putov NV (1990) The etiology of acute pneumonia. Ter Arkh 62: 15-18. Sinopalnikov A, Romanov AG (2006) An infectious exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Pulmonology 1.[omicsonline.org]
  • An etiologic diagnosis requires tympanocentesis, an invasive procedure not performed routinely in clinical practice. Therefore, treatment of otitis media is empirical.[infectiousdiseaseadvisor.com]

Epidemiology

  • Please refer any child care exposures as soon as possible to Epidemiology & Assessment at 714-834-8180 for follow-up.[cms.ocgov.com]
  • Date: 1998 University: Göteborgs universitet/University of Gothenburg Institution: Department of Otolaryngology Avdelningen för öron-, näs- och halssjukdomar Date of Defence: 1998-04-17 Publication type: Doctoral thesis Keywords: Haemophilus influenzae epidemiology[gupea.ub.gu.se]
  • Additionally, these studies demonstrated similar epidemiologic distributions as historically documented with Hib, with 22 of 23 reported Hia cases occurring in patients less than 5 years old.[journals.lww.com]
  • Current epidemiology and trends in invasive Haemophilus influenzae disease—United States, 1989–2008 External. Clin Infect Dis. 2011;53:1230–6. Rubach MP, Bender JM, Mottice S, et al.[cdc.gov]
  • Invasive Haemophilus influenzae disease: changing epidemiology and host–parasite interactions in the 21st century. Infect Genet Evol 9, 594 –605. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar] Viner, J. P. & Massanari, R. M. ( 1979 ; ).[jmm.microbiologyresearch.org]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Prevention

  • How can haemophilus influenzae be prevented? The Hib vaccine can prevent most serious cases of H flu disease. Those in close contact with people with serious H flu disease should receive preventive antibiotics.[drgreene.com]
  • Rifampicin is given to prevent the spread of Hib infection. However, it may not always be successful in preventing infection in the contacts of a case.[dhhs.tas.gov.au]
  • There is a vaccine to prevent Hib disease. All children younger than 5 years of age should be vaccinated with the Hib vaccine. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Epiglottitis (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)[medlineplus.gov]
  • Pagina 167 - Drowning and near drowning in children in the United Kingdom: lessons for prevention. ‎[books.google.ro]
  • Corticosteroids may help prevent brain damage. Epiglottitis must also be treated as soon as possible. People may need help breathing.[merckmanuals.com]

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