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Hemophilus Parainfluenzae Infection

Haemophilus Parainfluenzae Infection


Presentation

  • Case presentation: H. parainfluenzae was isolated from pus samples taken from a patient who had undergone angioplasty of the superficial femoral artery and anastomosis with a synthetic graft.[jmmcr.microbiologyresearch.org]
  • Some Hemophilus require only X factor (haemin-which is present on blood agar) or only V factor (Nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide, NAD- which is present within the blood cells) or a combination of both.[microbesinfo.com]
  • Encapsulated strains of H. influenzae are present in the nasopharynx of only 2–5% of children and an even smaller percentage of adults.[encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com]
  • Abstract We present a case of a 78-year-old female patient who was admitted to the medical intensive care unit because of high fever, weakness and abdominal pain.[signavitae.com]
  • Presentation [ 1 ] The most common presentation (60% of all cases) of invasive Hib disease is meningitis, frequently accompanied by bacteraemia.[patient.info]
Physician
  • Get your health question answered instantly from our pool of 18000 doctors from over 80 specialties Doctors waiting to answer your question MD MD MD MD Dr.Raju General & Family Physician Exp 11 years MD MD ...and 18,000 more Doctors from across the world[healthcaremagic.com]
  • Greene is a practicing physician, author, national and international TEDx speaker, and global health advocate. He is a graduate of Princeton University and University of California San Francisco.[drgreene.com]
  • When being diagnose a basic chest or neck x-ray along with a blood tests may be required by most physician. Treatment for this infection depends on where the infection is located at, the age of the patient, and the patient's medical history.[microbewiki.kenyon.edu]
  • There should be more sensitive culture techniques, and greater physician awareness of the genitourinary pathogenicity of this bacterium, particularly in male elderly patients with anatomical or functional genitourinary abnormalities. 1.[jfcmonline.com]
  • These reactions are usually in-hospital, physician-observed, well-characterized and documented. Reactions are usually seen in older patients with multiple prior exposures.[med.stanford.edu]
Recurrent Urinary Tract Infection
  • Available from: Chronic bacterial prostatitis is a sub-acute infection characterized by recurrent urinary tract infections, variable pelvic pain and voiding symptoms.[jfcmonline.com]
Surgical Procedure
Pneumonia
  • Three patients had pneumonia, while the others had epiglottitis with meningitis, pharyngitis, arthritis, and endocarditis, respectively. Nonendocarditic manifestations of adult H parainfluenzae infection were reported in four other cases.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • She got better ... infections a lot and last week she had fever102 and pneumonia. She had blood test done and her lymphs ...[healthcaremagic.com]
  • NHBLI Health Topics: Pneumonia. Available online at . Accessed on September 8, 2018. (August 2018) MedlinePlus. Pneumonia: Also called Bronchopneumonia. Available online at . Accessed on September 8, 2018.[labtestsonline.it]
  • Mycoplasma pneumoniae Chlamydophila pneumoniae (TWAR agent)- 5% of cases Streptococcus pyogenes Bronchiolitis Respiratory Syncytial virus (RSV) Pneumonia Neonatal (0-1 month) Escherichia coli Streptococcus agalactiae (group B streptococcus) Infants (1[atsu.edu]
  • Footnote *Doctors consider pneumonia an invasive infection when H. influenzae also infects the blood or pleural fluid (fluid surrounding the lungs). Top of Page[cdc.gov]
Pharyngitis
  • Three patients had pneumonia, while the others had epiglottitis with meningitis, pharyngitis, arthritis, and endocarditis, respectively. Nonendocarditic manifestations of adult H parainfluenzae infection were reported in four other cases.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • If systemic disease is suspected blood/CSF culture is recommended Acute sinusitis H. influenzae usually nontypeable strains; in rare cases H. parainfluenzae is also involved Sinus aspirates, Surgical specimens Acute Pharyngitis/ laryngotracheobronchitis[microbeonline.com]
  • The viruses known to cause PT are: Adenovirus (Concomitant conjunctivitis), Coxsackie A virus, Parainfluenza virus, Enteroviruses (Pharyngeal vesicles or ulcers, vesicles on palms and soles in summer), Epstein-Barr virus (Exudative pharyngitis, liver[tonsilitisunderstood.blogspot.com]
  • Other species: all are part of normal flora of human oral and pharyngeal cavities but may also be causes of bacterial respiratory tract infections and endocarditis, similar to H. influenzae.[hopkinsguides.com]
  • Risk factors include: Attending day care Cancer Ear infection ( otitis media ) with H influenzae infection Family member with an H influenzae infection Native American race Pregnancy Older age Sinus infection ( sinusitis ) Sore throat ( pharyngitis )[medlineplus.gov]
Sore Throat
  • MD Hi, After dealing with a sore throat on and off for 9 weeks, I saw an ENT who performed a culture and found that I had a haemophilus infection. Is this common or concerning? He suggested treating it with 10 ... MD Haemophilus Influenzae.[healthcaremagic.com]
  • I had a really sore throat and very runny nose (not had this before with previous infections) to begin with then the thick sticky green mucus started (apologies for the detail!).[healthunlocked.com]
  • Aerobic Bacteria Because of the potential of serious suppurative and non-suppurative sequellae, GABHS are the best known cause of sore throat. Occasionally Groups B, C and G beta-hemolytic streptococci are responsible.[tonsilitisunderstood.blogspot.com]
  • They include: fever cough runny nose stuffy nose chest pain sore throat shortness of breath wheezing difficulty breathing Most often, the symptoms of HPIVs aren’t severe enough to cause concern in healthy adults.[healthline.com]
  • Risk factors include: Attending day care Cancer Ear infection ( otitis media ) with H influenzae infection Family member with an H influenzae infection Native American race Pregnancy Older age Sinus infection ( sinusitis ) Sore throat ( pharyngitis )[medlineplus.gov]
Common Cold
  • Common symptoms of the four types of HPIV are very similar to those of the common cold.[healthline.com]
  • Acute Bacterial Rhinosinusitis Streptococcus pneumoniae Haemophilus influenzae (nontypable) Common cold (Rhinitis) Rhinoviruses* Coronaviruses Pharyngitis Adenovirus Herpes Simplex virus Epstein Barr Virus Coxsackie viruses Remember Streptococcus pyogenes[atsu.edu]
Arthritis
  • Three patients had pneumonia, while the others had epiglottitis with meningitis, pharyngitis, arthritis, and endocarditis, respectively. Nonendocarditic manifestations of adult H parainfluenzae infection were reported in four other cases.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Acromioclavicular septic arthritis: a case report of a novel pathogen. Am J Orthop., 39 (2010), pp. 134-136 [7] O.A. Okubadejo, O.A. Fayinka. Acute suppurative arthritis (pyoarthrosis) casused by Haemophilus species: report of three cases.[elsevier.es]
  • Hib causes septic arthritis and cellulitis in children younger than 2 years. Hib septic arthritis also occurs in adults. Neonatal infection: Often due to non-typeable H. influenzae, which colonises the maternal genital tract.[patient.info]
  • […] disease caused by H. influenzae are: Pneumonia* (lung infection) Bacteremia (bloodstream infection) Meningitis (infection of the tissue covering of the brain and spinal cord) Epiglotittis (swelling in the throat) Cellulitis (skin infection) Infectious arthritis[cdc.gov]
  • Suppurative Lesions• Arthritis• Endocarditis• Pericarditis• Haematogenous dissemination• Otitis Media• Cellulitis Dr.T.V.Rao MD 34 35.[slideshare.net]
Chancroid
  • H. ducreyi -sexually transmitted pathogen (chancroid)3.[slideshare.net]
  • Conjunctivitis H. influenza biogroup aegyptius Conjunctival swab Chancroid H. ducreyi Swab obtained from genital ulcers; aspirates from buboes; endocervical swabs Brazilian purpuric fever H. influenzae biogroup aegyptius Blood; conjunctival swabs; skin[microbeonline.com]
  • […] reclassification from Haemophilus spp. [21] H. aphrophilus is now Aggregatibacter aphrophilus (see module) H. paraphrophilus is now Aggregatibacter paraphrophilus (see module) H. segnis is now Aggregatibacter segnis (see module) H. ducreyi, agent of chancroid[hopkinsguides.com]
  • Candida albicans Trichomonas vaginalis Genital Ulcerative Diseases Genital Herpes- HSV-2* (80%), HSV-1 (20%) Syphilis- Treponema pallidum Chancroid- Haemophilus ducreyi Granuloma Inguinale- Klebsiella granulomatis (formerly Calymmatobacterium granulomatis[atsu.edu]
Confusion
  • Clin Infect Dis 24 : 1087– 1094 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar] FitzGerald S.F , Kelly C , Humphreys H . 2005 ; Diagnosis and treatment of prosthetic aortic graft infections: confusion and inconsistency in the absence of evidence or consensus.[jmmcr.microbiologyresearch.org]
  • If you want me to write about any posts that you found confusing/difficult, please mention in the comments below.[microbeonline.com]
  • Besides the impracticality of the numbers, we know that typically a strain may go from "resistant" to "sensitive" and back and forth over time, confusing many people and raising needless anxiety.[med.stanford.edu]

Workup

Haemophilus Parainfluenzae
  • Events Submit your event on Haemophilus Parainfluenzae Infection to be featured! Videos Submit your video on Haemophilus Parainfluenzae Infection to be featured! Charities Submit your charity on Haemophilus Parainfluenzae Infection to be featured![novusbio.com]
  • "Urinary Tract Infection Caused By Haemophilus Parainfluenzae." American Journal of Clinical Pathology, vol. 73, no. 2, 1980, pp. 285-7. Blaylock BL, Baber S. Urinary tract infection caused by Haemophilus parainfluenzae.[unboundmedicine.com]
  • Keyword(s): Haemophilus parainfluenzae , vascular graft , surgical wound infection 2015 The Authors Published by the Microbiology Society Auten G.M , Levy C.S , Smith M.A . 1991 ; Haemophilus parainfluenzae as a rare cause of epidural abscess: case report[jmmcr.microbiologyresearch.org]
  • Abstract Seven cases of adult Haemophilus parainfluenzae infections diagnosed by positive blood cultures are compared with cases previously reported in the English literature.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Abstract Haemophilus parainfluenzae, although a human commensal, is infrequently reported to be pathogenic.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Chlamydia
  • MD U cannot take any kind of medicine until the diagnosis is made. there are at least 7 - 8 types of infection transmitted sexually they are heaptititis viruses B and C, HIV, Syphilis, gonorrhoea, chlamydia, Haemophilus ducreyi, Herpes etc MD Dont worry[healthcaremagic.com]
  • […] trachomatis Urethritis Chlamydia trachomatis* Neisseria gonorrhoeae Cervicitis Chlamydia trachomatis* Neisseria gonorrhoeae Acute Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Chlamydia trachomatis* Neisseria gonorrhoeae Genital Warts Human Papilloma virus (HPV types[atsu.edu]
  • Chlamydia pneumoniae may cause PT, often accompanying pneumonia or bronchitis. Transmission electron microscopic picture of adenovirus Table 1: Infectious Agents of Pharyngo-Tonsillitis I.[tonsilitisunderstood.blogspot.com]
  • Gastroenteritis) Candidiasis, all forms including mucocutaneous Cat-scratch fever (benign inoculation lymphoreticulosis) Chickenpox (see Herpes Zoster) Cholera (see Gastroenteritis) Clostridium difficile Coccidioidomycosis Conjunctivitis: Acute bacterial Chlamydia[ww2.mc.vanderbilt.edu]
  • Chlamydia trachomatis (trachoma, perinatal infections, lymphogranuloma venereum and other genital infections). In: Mandell GL, Bennett JE, Dolin RE, editors. Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases.[jfcmonline.com]

Treatment

  • Conclusion: H. parainfluenzae surgical wound and vascular graft infections are uncommon, and quick diagnosis and preservation of the graft is of great importance in treatment.[jmmcr.microbiologyresearch.org]
  • Special attention is given to the prevention and treatment of these diseases found in developing countries as well as the latest findings about new antimicrobial agents, gram-negative infections and their management, and recommendations for immunization[books.google.com]
  • Usually, 4-6 weeks of treatment are sufficient to obtain a positive outcome in osteomyelitis cases.[jbji.net]
  • Treatment The treatment of viral illnesses, including those caused by parainfluenza viruses, should not involve the use of antibacterials, which are not effective against viruses.[healthychildren.org]
  • Surgery remains the most effective treatment in lung cancer [ 23 ].[bmcmicrobiol.biomedcentral.com]

Prognosis

  • Prognosis Endocarditis is fatal if not treated, especially for those with heart defects. However, if caught early and treated with antibiotics, the prognosis is good.[healthinplainenglish.com]
  • Prognosis The sequelae following Hib meningitis may include deafness, convulsions and intellectual impairment.[patient.info]

Etiology

  • Nonbacterial prostatitis and chronic pelvic pain syndrome are more common than bacterial prostatitis, and their etiologies are largely unknown. Most urinary tract and prostate infections are caused by Gram-negative bacilli.[jfcmonline.com]
  • Overall, these organisms are the leading cause of exacerbations of chronic bronchitis, and the second most common etiology of acute otitis media and sinusitis.[encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com]
  • However, the exact etiology is generally not determined and the role of some potential pathogens is not certain.[tonsilitisunderstood.blogspot.com]
  • , vCJD [ *NOTIFY INFECTION PREVENTION ASAP* ] Croup (see Respiratory infections in infants and young children) Cryptococcosis Cryptosporidiosis (see Gastroenteritis) Cytomegalovirus infection, neonatal or immunosuppressed D Diarrhea, acute-infective etiology[ww2.mc.vanderbilt.edu]
  • It should be remembered that Kingella kingae, another member of the HACEK group, has become the main etiological agent of osteoarticular infections in young children in settings where this procedure has been systematically employed. 4 We were able to[elsevier.es]

Epidemiology

  • Objectives After completing this article, readers should be able to: Describe the epidemiology of influenza and parainfluenza virus infections. Recognize the clinical features of influenza infections.[pedsinreview.aappublications.org]
  • Epidemiology The most virulent strain is H. influenzae type b (Hib), which accounts for more than 95% of H. influenzae infections in children and half of infections in adults.[patient.info]
  • […] return to top Epidemiology Haemophilus species are typically considered to be normal flora in the upper respiratory tract of humans. They are found in the nasopharynx of approximately 75% of healthy individuals.[sharinginhealth.com]
  • […] suspected (see Gastroenteritis) E Ebola virus [ *NOTIFY INFECTION PREVENTION ASAP* ] Echovirus (see Enteroviral infections) Encephalitis or encephalomyelitis (see specific etiologic agents) Enterococcus species (see Multidrug-resistant organisms if epidemiologically[ww2.mc.vanderbilt.edu]
  • Epidemiology and Prevention• Similar to Pneumococci• Infection enters through Respiratory tract• Immunity is type specific• HIB is protected by PRP vaccine• Poorly immunogenic in children below 2 years• Rifampicin can be given for 4 days and prevents[slideshare.net]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • Pharmacotherapy: A Pathophysiologic Approach. 7th ed. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Medical; 2008:1832-1833. 3. Baddour LM, Wilson WR, Bayer AS, et al.[uspharmacist.com]

Prevention

  • Special attention is given to the prevention and treatment of these diseases found in developing countries as well as the latest findings about new antimicrobial agents, gram-negative infections and their management, and recommendations for immunization[books.google.com]
  • Mobile Questions and Answers MD Hi, It is Haemophilus influenzae type B vaccine( Hib vaccine) prevents childhood Haemophilus influenzae b infections.[healthcaremagic.com]
  • (November 6, 2017) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC Features: Pneumonia can be prevented—vaccines can help. Available online at . Accessed on September 8, 2018. (November 10, 2017) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.[labtestsonline.it]
  • Recognition and prevention become pressing priorities. In recent years, a greater emphasis in preventing influenza through vaccination has emerged within the United States.[pedsinreview.aappublications.org]
  • INFECTION PREVENTION ASAP* ] Croup (see Respiratory infections in infants and young children) Cryptococcosis Cryptosporidiosis (see Gastroenteritis) Cytomegalovirus infection, neonatal or immunosuppressed D Diarrhea, acute-infective etiology suspected[ww2.mc.vanderbilt.edu]

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