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  • Patient 3 was a 79-year-old woman who presented with nausea, vomiting, and headache 2 h after consuming honey. Her temperature was 35 C, her blood pressure was 70/40 mm Hg, and her heart rate was 40 beats/min.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Most of them presented with symptoms of blurring of vision, diplopia, nasea and vomiting and two of them presented with symptoms of cardiac depression.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Intoxication is established on the basis of whether honey was consumed when history was taken at presentation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • An infant, who was born preterm at 36 weeks, presented with fever and ulcer at umbilical region which progressed to necrotising fasciitis of anterior abdominal wall.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • CLINICAL PRESENTATION AND INTERVENTION: A 6-week-old infant, presenting with signs of sepsis, was intubated and ventilated due to progressive weakness. Infant botulism was suspected with acute flaccid paralysis and a history of honey consumption.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The presence of such plethora of antibacterial properties in one product makes it a promising candidate not only in wound infections but also in systemic and particularly for gastrointestinal infections.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Severe Pain
  • Outcome: adverse events Subrahmanyam 1994 reported that 4/40 and 3/40 people in the honey group experienced scarring/contractures and severe pain respectively compared with 5/24 and 6/24 in the amniotic membrane group (we cannot assume that the people[doi.org]
  • This results in symptoms such as: sneezing watery and itchy eyes a runny nose sore throat coughing headaches trouble breathing There are over-the-counter treatments available for seasonal allergies, but many people prefer natural treatments instead.[healthline.com]
  • Severe cases developed oliguria/anuria, twitch, hematuria, ecchymosis or hematochezia. The median time from ingestion to onset of symptoms was 29 hours. Eight patients died (mortality rate: 25.8%).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Corneal Edema
  • There is evidence that honey may be helpful in treating dry eye disease, post-operative corneal edema, and bullous keratopathy. Furthermore, it can be used as an antibacterial agent to reduce the ocular flora.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Renal Injury
  • RESULTS: Patients on crude bee honey and royal jelly capsules showed lower serum levels of renal injury products (creatinine and urea) compared to those in the control group.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Flaccid Paralysis
  • Infant botulism was suspected with acute flaccid paralysis and a history of honey consumption.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Diagnosis should be systematically evoked by pediatricians in infants suffering from constipation, fatigue, muscle weakness, difficult feeding and altered cry, but before the onset of generalized flaccid paralysis, so as to administer specific treatment[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]


  • DESIGN: Prospective, randomised, cross over study, examiner masked, pilot treatment trial.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The most common treatment is aciclovir cream which reduces healing time by just half a day compared with no specific treatment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The scientific reasons for honey's appropriateness in burns treatment are reviewed and an account is provided of the main benefits of such treatment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Selecting the proper treatment and products for wound healing is challenging, with little evidence-based research available for the treatment of neonatal wounds.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Significant improvements (p CONCLUSIONS: Optimel antibacterial honey treatments are effective as adjunctive therapies for meibomian gland dysfunction. 2017 Optometry Australia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]


  • Abstract Diabetes is a metabolic disorder with multifactorial and heterogeneous etiologies.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • This article highlights the up-to-date knowledge on qualities, properties and mode of appliance of honey in the treatment of wounds of various etiologies, particularly burns, through an extensive retrospective analysis of data from the literature.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The occurrence of etiology depends on the age, geographical, environmental, weather and epidemiology conditions. The etio-pathology of cough in pediatric population varies from young adults ( Chang and Widdicombe, 2007, Chang, 2010 ).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]


  • Liège (Sart-Tilman), Belgium. 11 Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech (GxABT), Department of Functional and Evolutionary Entomology, University of Liège (ULg) , 2 Passage des Déportés, B-5030 Gembloux, Belgium. 12 Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Research Unit of Epidemiology[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • "Botulism in the United States: a clinical and epidemiologic review." Annals of Internal Medicine 129: 221–228. Spika, J. S., N. Shaffer, N. Hargrett-Bean, S. Collin, K. L. MacDonald, and P. A. Blake. 1989.[edis.ifas.ufl.edu]
  • Hospital epidemiology and infection control in acute-care settings. Clin Microbiol Rev. 2011 ;24: 141 – 173. Google Scholar ISI 183. Ewnetu, Y, Lemma, W, Birhane, N.[dx.doi.org]
  • Drs. de Souza and Beyene: Department of Clinical Epidemiology & Biostatistics, Faculty of Health Sciences, McMaster University, 1200 Main Street West, MDCL 3208, Hamilton, Ontario L8N 3Z5, Canada. Mr. Mirrahimi, Mr. Yu, Ms. Chiavaroli, and Dr. A.L.[doi.org]
  • The occurrence of etiology depends on the age, geographical, environmental, weather and epidemiology conditions. The etio-pathology of cough in pediatric population varies from young adults ( Chang and Widdicombe, 2007, Chang, 2010 ).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Sex distribution
Age distribution


  • We report herein a case of a patient with mad honey intoxication mimicking acute non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction and review the pathophysiology and diagnostic considerations.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The successful treatment of burns started in recent time and it has been made possible by better knowledge of the pathophysiology of thermal injuries and their consequences, medical technology advances and improved surgical techniques.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • This might indicate the important role of the central nervous system in grayanotoxin pathophysiology compared to the peripheral nervous system. Alternatively, intraperitoneal injection may result in increased elimination rates.[doi.org]
  • Pathophysiology (natural history) History and physical examination reveal that the most common cause of ingrowing toenails is improper trimming of the nail. Proper toenail trimming involves cutting the nail straight across ( Figure 1 ).[doi.org]


  • PURPOSE: Randomized trials have shown that honey is effective for the prevention of radiation-induced mucositis in head and neck cancer patients.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Preventing Foodborne Illness: Clostridium botulinum. Gainesville: University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. Shapiro, R. L., C. Hatheway, and D. L. Swerdlow. 1998.[edis.ifas.ufl.edu]
  • OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to assess the effect of oral care with honey on children undergoing chemotherapy for the prevention and healing of oral mucositis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Abstract Numerous investigations have been made on plant phenolic compounds and cancer prevention in recent decades.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Cuts, abrasions and scalds can be covered in honey, it prevents bacteria from entering and healing is encouraged, a further advantage the cut edge does not dry out helping to prevent scarring and easy removal of any dressing.[web.archive.org]

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