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Human Papillomavirus Infection

Human Papillomaviral Infections


Presentation

  • Hypergranulosis and koilocytosis were also present. Immunohistochemical studies indicated p16 and p53 immunoexpression in the areas with cellular atypia and koilocytosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • As has been reported for women [ 10 ], coinfection with multiple HPV types was common in the men in the present study.[academic.oup.com]
Gagging
  • Mutation of dileucine-like motifs in the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 capsid disrupts virus assembly, gag-gag interactions, gag-membrane binding, and virion maturation. J. Virol. 80 : 7939 -7951. Juodka, B., E. Spiess, A. Angiolillo, G.[doi.org]
  • Flanagan , Boyle‐Davis gags for tonsillectomy , Pediatric Anesthesia , 11 , 6 , (749-750) , (2008) . Chin‐Hung Chen, Shih‐Ku Lin, Hwa‐Sheng Tang, Winston W.[dx.doi.org]
Abdominal Pain
  • pain, infertility, dyspareunia, polymenorrhagia/menorrhagia, amenorrhea and others.[journals.plos.org]
Darkly Pigmented Skin
  • We performed HPV typing of biopsied cysts with polymerase chain reaction for a patient with darkly-pigmented skin, epidermodysplasia verruciformis (EV) and more than 250 photodistributed cysts.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Genital Lesions
  • Efficacy of Quadrivalent Vaccine Efficacy against External Genital Lesions in the Per-Protocol Population.[nejm.org]
  • lesions Benign tumors , e.g., fibroids , papillomatous dermal nevi Malignant tumors , particularly squamous cell carcinomas The differential diagnoses listed here are not exhaustive.[amboss.com]
  • METHODS: 14 men and eight women with genital warts had cytobrush samples taken from genital lesions, finger tips, and tips of finger nails. Samples were examined for the presence of HPV DNA by the polymerase chain reaction.[doi.org]
  • HPV-related external genital lesions (EGLs) consist of two categories: condyloma (genital warts) and penile intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN).[grantome.com]
  • An infection is considered subclinical when there is no evidence of genital lesions or squamous intraepithelial lesions (SILs).[clinicaladvisor.com]
Tampon Use
  • Additional factors unrelated to the risk of acquisition were tampon use, cesarean delivery, and nongenital warts.[doi.org]
Incontinence
  • Midurethral tape placement is the gold standard procedure for stress urinary incontinence (SUI). Among reported complications, tape erosion is uncommon.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Urinary Incontinence
  • Midurethral tape placement is the gold standard procedure for stress urinary incontinence (SUI). Among reported complications, tape erosion is uncommon.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Workup

  • For women with minor abnormalities on their Pap test, doctors use the HPV test to determine if they have a high-risk HPV infection and need further workup such as a colposcopy.[healthywomen.org]
  • […] condylomata demonstrates acanthosis Bowenoid papulosis: Psoriasiform hyperplasia and hyperkeratosis of the epidermis, with increased mitotic figures at all epidermal levels and keratinocytes displaying enlarged pleomorphic and hyperchromic nuclei See Workup[web.archive.org]

Treatment

  • Some treatments for anogenital warts, such as cryotherapy (freezing the warts), are done in a clinic or doctor's office while other treatments, such as prescription creams, can be used at home. Repeat treatments are often necessary.[web.archive.org]
  • CONCLUSIONS: Our patient had treatment-resistant generalized verrucosis for 13 years.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Prognosis

  • This is a more accurate way to describe the prognosis for patients with a particular type and stage of cancer. Five-year rates are used to produce a standard way to discuss prognosis, or outlook for survival.[web.archive.org]
  • However, in a prospective, population-based, observational study, the association between HPV status and prognosis strengthened after adjustment for potential confounders. 9 Indeed, tumor HPV status was as important to patient prognosis as tumor stage[dx.doi.org]
  • Prognosis Prevention Education about possible risk factors and effective preventive measures, such as: HPV vaccinatio n : All boys and girls should be vaccinated at 11–12 years of age .[amboss.com]
  • Licitra L, Perrone F, Bossi P, Suardi S, Mariani L, Artusi R et al (2006) High-risk human papillomavirus affects prognosis in patients with surgically treated oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma.[springerlink.com]

Etiology

  • [Indexed for MEDLINE] Free full text Publication type, MeSH terms, Substances, Grant support Publication type Case Reports MeSH terms Adult Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/chemistry Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/etiology* Carcinoma, Squamous[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Etiology Human papillomavirus Double-stranded, circular, non-enveloped DNA virus with an icosahedral capsid Low-risk types 6 and 11 Anogenital warts ( condylomata acuminata ) Mild cervical cell abnormalities Tumors of non-genital mucosal membranes (e.g[amboss.com]
  • The potential etiologic role of human papillomavirus (HPV) in oropharyngeal cancer is supported by a growing body of evidence.[web.archive.org]

Epidemiology

  • Article Navigation Departments of Laboratory Medicine, Stomatology, and Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of California, San Francisco Reprints or correspondence: Dr.[doi.org]
  • Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention. 19 (2): 511–6. doi : 10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-09-0790. PMID 20086109. Liu Y, Lu Z, Xu R, Ke Y (February 2016).[en.wikipedia.org]
  • In this article, we review the epidemiology of HPV infection. In addition to estimates of disease frequency, we highlight risk factors for HPV infection, including the number of lifetime sex partners, which is the most salient risk factor.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • A systematic review of studies published in the last decade was conducted to summarize data on the epidemiology of human papillomavirus (HPV) in the USA. A structured protocol was used to screen studies for review.[dx.doi.org]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • […] years: Human papillomavirus (HPV) and cytology cotesting every 5 years (preferred) or cytology alone every 3 years (acceptable) Over 65 years: no screening recommended if adequate prior screening has been negative and high risk factors are not present Pathophysiology[pathologyoutlines.com]
  • Human papillomavirus infection: Epidemiology and pathophysiology. Gynecol Oncol. 2007; 107 :S2–S5. [ PubMed ] [ Google Scholar ] 4. Weinstock H, Berman S, Cates W.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • This risk window was based on the underlying pathophysiology and clinical manifestation of the autoimmune disorders studied, including their insidious onset; 29 the risk window used in studies of autoimmune disorders following use of other vaccines (Appendix[cmaj.ca]
  • Pathophysiology [ edit ] Common warts have a characteristic appearance under the microscope.[en.wikipedia.org]
  • HPV is essential in the pathophysiology of pre-malignance cervical abnormalities and cervical cancer, conditions that are highly prevalent among women in all the world. Women with SLE present even higher risk of development HPV diseases.[ped-rheum.biomedcentral.com]

Prevention

  • Prevention Cervical cancer prevention and control: A comprehensive approach- WHO recommends a comprehensive approach to cervical cancer prevention and control.[aimu.us]
  • From a primary prevention standpoint, girls should be vaccinated early to prevent the initial peak of carcinogenic HPV infections.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • "Human Papillomavirus Epidemiology and Prevention of Vaccine-Preventable Diseases". CDC.gov. Archived from the original on 3 February 2014. Retrieved 30 January 2014. "Human papillomavirus vaccines. WHO position paper" (PDF).[en.wikipedia.org]
  • How can I prevent genital warts? A vaccine (given by a shot) can prevent HPV.[merckmanuals.com]

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