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Hydrocele


Presentation

  • They are the most common form of "testicular" enlargement and present with painless enlargement of the scrotum. On all modalities, hydroceles appear as simple fluid, unless complicated by infection or hemorrhage.[radiopaedia.org]
Inflammation
  • A secondary hydrocele is secondary to either inflammation or a neoplasm in the testis. A hydrocele usually occurs on one side, but can also affect both sides.[en.wikipedia.org]
Aspiration
Fear
  • It has also been found to decrease a man's sex drive and makes him less active for fear of enlarging the mass. As the fluid of a hydrocele is transparent, light shone through the hydrocelic region will be visible from the other side.[en.wikipedia.org]
Scrotal Mass
  • Most hydroceles are acquired and present with progressing painless scrotal mass. During the physical examination, hydrocele characteristically transilluminates when evaluated with a light source. They can become painful if infected (see pyocele ).[radiopaedia.org]

Treatment

  • "A Comparative study of sclerotherapy with phenol and surgical treatment for hydrocele". J Urol. 169 (3): 1056–9. doi : 10.1097/01.ju.0000052680.03705.40. PMID 12576845. External links [ edit ][en.wikipedia.org]
  • Treatment and prognosis In infants, most hydroceles (around 90%) resolve spontaneously, and they are thought to result from incomplete obliteration of the processus vaginalis 4.[radiopaedia.org]

Prognosis

  • Treatment and prognosis In infants, most hydroceles (around 90%) resolve spontaneously, and they are thought to result from incomplete obliteration of the processus vaginalis 4.[radiopaedia.org]

Etiology

  • Etiology Congenital There are two main subtypes of congenital hydrocele: communicating hydrocele spermatic cord hydrocele 1,2 In the communicating type, fluid collects around a patent processus vaginalis which failed to successfully obliterate.[radiopaedia.org]

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