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Hymenolepiasis


Presentation

  • A young Indian man presented in England with a 6-month history of diarrhoea which started just before leaving India.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the website.[cdc.gov]
  • Presentation on theme: "Hymenolepiasis nana.[slideplayer.com]
  • Complications Abdominal discomfort Dehydration from prolonged diarrhea Calling your health care provider Call your health care provider if chronic diarrhea or abdominal cramping are present.[coordinatedhealth.com]
Collapse
  • Though at a dwarfish tapeworm as at other representatives of Cyclophyllidea group, the uterus closed it, as well as a mature joint, is so gentle that already in intestines the separated mature joints collapse and therefore eggs of helminth are constantly[en.medicalmed.de]
Rhinitis
  • How is hymenolepiasis Trauma of the intestinal mucosaparasites hooks causes abdominal pain, diarrhea, nausea. parasites waste products lead to allergic reactions (rash, urticaria, vasomotor rhinitis), the development of dysbiosis and vitamin deficiencies[mymedinform.com]
Abdominal Pain
  • When symptoms appear, they include diarrhea, abdominal pain, restlessness, and irritability Infection with tapeworms of the genus hymenolepis Applies To Dwarf tapeworm (infection) Hymenolepis (diminuta) (nana) infection Rat tapeworm (infection) ICD-9-[icd9data.com]
  • […] with abdominal pain,nausea and vomiting.[explainmedicine.com]
  • pain, bloody stools, and disorders of the nervous system, especially in children.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]
  • Main complaints of patients: abdominal pain, loss of appetite, nausea, unstable chair, indisposition, weakness, increased fatigue, irritability, headache.[en.medicalmed.de]
Chronic Urticaria
  • Chronic urticaria caused by Hymenolepis nana in an adopted girl. Allergy. 2007 Jul. 62(7):821-2. [Medline]. Mehraj V, Hatcher J, Akhtar S, Rafique G, Beg MA.[emedicine.medscape.com]
Eruptions
  • Amebiasis Amebic liver abscess Ascariasis Creeping eruption Rectal culture Stool ova and parasites exam Taeniasis Visceral larva migrans [ Read More ][icdlist.com]
Neglect
  • The disease is a type of helminthiasis which is classified as a neglected tropical disease.[en.wikipedia.org]
  • To improve visibility and enhance advocacy for the control of hymenolepiasis, it may be warranted to include this infection in the list of neglected tropical diseases.[journals.plos.org]
Memory Impairment
  • At intensive invasions, as a rule, there are heavier manifestations: strong pristupoobrazny abdominal pains, frequent vomiting, dizzinesses, convulsive attacks, faints, memory impairment, subfebrile condition, sleeplessness, etc.[en.medicalmed.de]
  • At intensive invasions, as a rule, there are heavier manifestations: strong pristupoobrazny abdominal pains, frequent vomiting , dizzinesses , convulsive attacks, faints, memory impairment, subfebrile condition, sleeplessness, etc.[en.medicalmeds.eu]

Treatment

  • Post-treatment parasitological examinations were carried out on 3 faecal samples, each collected on a different day between 21 and 30 days following initiation of treatment.[doi.org]
  • Repeated treatment is required for H. nana at an interval of 7–10 days. Praziquantel as a single dose (25 mg/kg) is the current treatment of choice for hymenolepiasis and has an efficacy of 96%.[en.wikipedia.org]
  • After a break the course of treatment is repeated. The control research a calla is conducted in 15 days after the end of treatment and in the subsequent monthly.[en.medicalmed.de]

Prognosis

  • Expectations (prognosis) Expect full recovery following treatment.[coordinatedhealth.com]
  • Prognosis - Hymenolepiasis Cure rates are extremely good with modern treatments, but it is unclear that successful cure results in any symptomatic benefit to patients.[checkorphan.org]

Epidemiology

  • Mason PR, Patterson BA (1994) Epidemiology of Hymenolepis nana infections in primary school children in urban and rural communities in Zimbabwe. J Parasitol 80: 245–250. View Article Google Scholar 6.[journals.plos.org]
  • Main Clinical Presentation Transmission Morphology Diagnostic Tests and Therapy Epidemiology Public Health and Prevention Strategies Useful Web Links References Transmission of Hymenolepis spp.[web.stanford.edu]
  • Epidemiology Frequency United States Infection is most common in the Southeast (1% of school children in one study) and among institutionalized children.[emedicine.medscape.com]
  • […] pages { 83-6 } } Agathe Nkouawa , Voitto Haukisalmi , 5 authors Akira Ito Published 2016 in Parasitology international DOI: 10.1016/j.parint.2015.10.009 An adult hymenolepidid tapeworm was recovered from a 52-year-old Tibetan woman during a routine epidemiological[pdfs.semanticscholar.org]
  • (See "Epidemiology, transmission, and prevention of cysticercosis" and "Clinical manifestations and diagnosis of cysticercosis" and "Treatment of cysticercosis" .) MORPHOLOGY Adult tapeworms consist of a head, neck, and segmented body.[uptodate.com]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • The effect on morbidity identified in this study is consistent with the known pathophysiology of H. nana and T. trichiura worms, which are known to cause inflammation, bleeding, and dysentery through mucosal injury and local, humoral, and cellular responses[journals.plos.org]
  • Another less frequent zoonotic intestinal tapeworm infection is caused by H. diminuta, commonly known as the rat tapeworm, in which humans are incidental hosts. [1] Pathophysiology The life cycles consist of adult (tapeworm) stages in the small bowel[emedicine.medscape.com]

Prevention

  • Prevention Good hygiene, public health and sanitation programs, and elimination of rats help prevent the spread of hymenolepiasis.[coordinatedhealth.com]
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website.[cdc.gov]
  • Good hygiene, public health and sanitation programs, and elimination of infected rats help to prevent the spread of hymenolepiasis. Preventing fecal contamination of food and water in institutions and crowded areas is of primary importance.[en.wikipedia.org]

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