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Immunization

Immunologic Sensitization


Presentation

  • Here we present the first analysis of human neuropathology after immunization with Abeta (AN-1792).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • For passive immunization and vaccination as well, we first present immunization assays performed in animal models and second in humans and associated clinical trials.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • We presented cases distribution by year, age group and diagnostic criteria and calculated pertussis incidence rates. The proportions of cases among different age groups were compared using chi-square test for trend.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • A three year old girl presented with lupus vulgaris of the upper arm, which appeared 1 month after BCG immunization. The diagnosis was confirmed by polymerase chain reaction after histology and culture were negative for mycobacteria.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Typical clinical presentation is that of a monomorphic, nonpruritic eruption most commonly involving the face, neck, buttocks, and extremities. It tends to occur in childhood, though infrequently it has been reported in adults.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Fever
  • AIMS: Clinical guidelines for management of infants with fever but no evident focus of infection recommend that those aged 1-3 months with a white cell count 15   10 9 /l have a full septic screen and be admitted for parenteral antibiotics.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • A 20 mo old male child, born at 31 weeks, presented to an out-of-hours General Practitioner (GP) with a 7 d history of cough and fever. There was history of post-tussive vomiting.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • After endoscopic splenectomy performed before kidney transplantation, the recipient developed a high fever and leukocytosis, and he was treated with antibiotics and 5 g of human immunoglobulin products by intravenous infusion for 3 d.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Vaccines with pertussis component, yellow fever and measles-mumps-rubella were the most reactogenic.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The most common symptoms are fever, neck stiffness, and headache. Meningitis is spread by coughing, sneezing, and kissing. A serious infection can lead to brain damage.[bartelldrugs.com]
Hydrops Fetalis
  • The first fetus died in utero with hydrops fetalis during the 20th gestational week and the second child was delivered after 28 weeks of gestation with hydrops fetalis and a hemoglobin level of 16 g per L whereas the third affected child was treated with[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Skin Lesion
  • Six months later, complete resolution of the skin lesions occurred without any treatment, leaving only slightly hypopigmented macules on the extremity.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The patient failed to respond to standard immunization, and adequate protection with a good antibody response could be achieved only after exudation from the skin lesions had been treated by intensive topical skin therapy and multiple intravenous immunoglobulin[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Hypopigmented Macule
  • Six months later, complete resolution of the skin lesions occurred without any treatment, leaving only slightly hypopigmented macules on the extremity.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Guillain-Barré Syndrome
  • Abstract Zika virus (ZIKV) infection is closely associated in the fetus with microcephaly and in the adults with Guillain-Barré syndrome and even male infertility.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Results available thus far suggest that the monovalent pandemic (H1N1) vaccine had similar safety performance to seasonal trivalent influenza vaccines and much lower risk for Guillain Barré syndrome than that seen with the 1976 swine influenza vaccination[cdc.gov]

Workup

Lymphocytic Infiltrate
  • Histopathological examination revealed perivascular and periadnexial lymphocytic infiltrate with neutrophils and eosinophils, and leukocytoclastic vasculitis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
HLA-A2
  • In this study, we analyzed antigen-specific T-cell responses induced in the skin and in peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) in an HLA-A2-positive melanoma patient.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Treatment

  • Pre-vaccination antibody levels were obtained in 7 patients at an average of 20 days after the end of treatment date. In those without protective antibody levels, we administered vaccines 3 months after completion of treatment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Six months later, complete resolution of the skin lesions occurred without any treatment, leaving only slightly hypopigmented macules on the extremity.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Since the success of haematopoietic stem cell transplantations for the treatment of congenital haematologic diseases could imply early and repetitive procedures, this observation enlightens the technical feasibility of such an invasive approach and its[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • In spite of treatment with rhesus immune globulin, the patient developed anti-D antibodies.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Without this history, an unnecessary biopsy or treatment may have ensued. Methods to avoid such occurrences are discussed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Etiology

  • The etiology and pathogenesis of Kawasaki disease (KD) remain poorly understood. Among the diverse infectious and environmental factors examined to be triggers for, or be associated with, KD, are immunizations.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The etiology of lichen striatus is as yet unknown. It has been observed after infection or immunization in atopic patients and in siblings.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • We aimed to investigate whether immunization with A hemagglutinin domain (Rgp44) of Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg), a major etiologic agent of periodontitis, would lead to an antibody response cross-reacting with oxidized low-density lipoprotein (OxLDL[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Epidemiology

  • Methods An open retrospective epidemiological study of measles infection was conducted during the epidemic in Zenica-Doboj Canton (ZDC) in the period 2014-2015.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • ACIP members and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) staff discuss the epidemiology of vaccine-preventable diseases and vaccine research, effectiveness, safety data, and clinical trial results.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Prior published case reports and large epidemiological studies, which explore potential associations between immunization and KD and other vasculitides, are then comprehensively reviewed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The ACIP-recommended use of each vaccine is developed after an in-depth review of vaccine-related data, including data on disease epidemiology, vaccine efficacy and effectiveness, vaccine safety, feasibility of program implementation, and economic aspects[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • We propose that epidemiological studies be performed to examine this potential association in more detail to quantitate the risk and identify possible genetic risk factors.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Prevention

  • Diphtheria was the disease with the highest number of prevented cases, followed by mumps, chickenpox and measles.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Abstract Hepatitis B (HepB) vaccination is the primary means of preventing infections and complications caused by hepatitis B virus (HBV).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • […] for Disease Control and Prevention.[academic.oup.com]
  • KEYWORDS: Anti-Shiga toxin antibodies; Bovine lactoferrin; E. coli O157:H7 infection; HUS prevention; Hyperimmune bovine colostrum[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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