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Infancy


Presentation

  • Melanotic neuroectodermal tumors of infancy are rare tumors arising from the neural crest and typically present during the first 12 months of life.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Movement Disorder
  • Paroxysmal benign movement disorders are a heterogeneous group of movement disorders characterized by their favourable outcome.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Rhinitis
  • Atopic march is the development of AD in infancy and subsequent food allergies, allergic rhinitis, and asthma in later childhood. Patients with infantile eczema may develop typical symptoms of AD, allergic rhinitis, and asthma at certain ages.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Progressive Hearing Loss
  • His father had congenital hearing loss, and his mother had progressive hearing loss since childhood.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Pigmented Tumor
  • Melanotic neuroectodermal tumors of infancy (MNTI) are rapidly growing pigmented tumors that occur predominantly within bony head and neck structures. There are fewer than 400 cases reported in the literature with the majority affecting the maxilla.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Hirsutism
  • At the age of 7 months, she developed polyphagia, acne, hirsutism, hypertension and hypokalemia with elevated ACTH and absence of serum cortisol circadian rhythm. Immunostaining of tumour tissue showed ACTH-immunoreactive cells.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Hematuria
  • Both of the patients presented to hospital with painless gross hematuria without other symptoms. One is 6 months old male, another is 5-month-old.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Workup

  • […] common cause of macrocephaly (macrocrania) 9 more common in males than in females in majority of cases, there is a family history of macrocephaly Associations scaphocephaly 10 Often discovered incidentally or when patients undergo neuroimaging in the workup[radiopaedia.org]
Ventricular Hypertrophy
  • Mutations in PRKAG2 cause a cardiac syndrome comprising ventricular hypertrophy, pre-excitation, and progressive conduction-system disease, which is typically not diagnosed until adolescence or young adulthood.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Treatment

  • Over a total of 52 treatment months, no serious adverse effects occurred.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Prognosis

  • Awareness of this condition is essential for prompt recognition and referral to a tertiary cardiac center to enable early surgical intervention and improved prognosis for these children.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Etiology

  • The etiology remains still unknown. The potential triggers of AHEI include preceding bacterial or viral infections, immunizations, and drugs.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Epidemiology

  • Epidemiological, clinical, radiological, pathological, and immunohistochemical examinations were reviewed. A statistical analysis using a t-test was conducted to calculate parameters correlating with tumor recurrence.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Therefore, it is no longer used in routine diagnostics, but only for study purposes, such as epidemiological studies aimed at following the natural course of an infection [ 57 ].[erj.ersjournals.com]
  • The latest neuroscience is discovering how crucial sleep is to an infant’s growing brain, while the latest epidemiology is discovering how irregular sleep doubles the risk of death as we grow older.[journal.thriveglobal.com]
  • The enduring effects of abuse and related adverse experiences in childhood: A convergence of evidence from neurobiology and epidemiology. Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2006 Apr;256(3):174–86. 24 Culhane JF and Elo IT.[healthypeople.gov]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Prevention

  • KEYWORDS: Dental caries; Infant; Oral health; Prevention; Risk factors[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • "This showed that early introduction of peanut flour had over 80% prevention effect," Nepom said.[cnn.com]

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