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Infarct of the Prostate Gland


Presentation

  • Related tests are grouped by chapter and presented in a consistent format to facilitate a full understanding of each type of diagnostic test. UNIQUE![books.google.de]
  • Over 20 NEW test entries present the latest tests and procedures, with a strong focus on affordable, clinically relevant genetic tests.[books.google.com]
  • […] within glands, corpora amylacea and collagenous rings present around metaplastic glands Zonation is present, but may not be appreciated by needle biopsy Microscopic (histologic) images Images hosted on other servers: Squamous metaplasia adjacent to infarct[pathologyoutlines.com]
  • Presentation on theme: "Prostate Dr. Amitabha Basu MD."— Presentation transcript: 1 Prostate Dr.[slideplayer.com]
  • Bile duct profiles are evident within the fibrous tissue that is present between nodules. The section of pancreas on this slide is normal. Slide 1-03 .[web.duke.edu]
Pathologist
  • Pathologists' awareness of prostatic infarcts on needle biopsy and their potential for atypical histology can prevent the misdiagnosis of cancer.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Pathologists sent in 10 of 13 consult cases (77%) for problems with interpretation of the infarcts; remaining consults had other pathology of concern. One case was misdiagnosed as urothelial cancer.[journals.lww.com]
  • CRC Press , ٣١‏/١٢‏/١٩٨٨ - 328 من الصفحات Written expressly for the surgical pathologist, the pathology resi-dent and the urologic surgeon, this volume describes the histopathologic appearances of diseases affecting the prostate and the seminal vesicles[books.google.com]
  • Some pathologists do not comment on the presence (or absence) of inflammation. Microscopic Features: Neutrophils within the glands, between the epithelial cells or within the stroma - key feature .[librepathology.org]
  • University School of Medicine; Chief, Genitourinary Pathology Service, Indiana University Health Liang Cheng, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Association for Cancer Research , American Urological Association , College of American Pathologists[emedicine.medscape.com]
Surgical Procedure
  • procedure that led to her rapid renal insufficiency.[jcp.bmj.com]
  • Open prostatectomy is used when the prostate is so large (2.8–3.5 oz [80–100 g]) that transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP, a less strenuous surgical procedure to remove a smaller prostate) cannot be performed.[surgeryencyclopedia.com]
  • Further evidence on the hypothesis of TURP-related cardiac stress come from studies evaluating cardiac enzyme levels after this surgical procedure.[bmcsurg.biomedcentral.com]
Perineal Pain
  • Axial ( a ) and coronal ( b ) T2-weighted MR images demonstrate patchy hypointense areas in the PZ representing chronic prostatitis ( arrows ) Prostatic Abscess Symptoms of prostatic abscess include fever, chills, urgency, perineal pain, dysuria, and[radiologykey.com]
Aspiration
  • The introductory chapter includes a dis-cussion on the role and limitations of immunohistochemistry and fine needle aspiration in the diagnosis of prostatic carcinoma.[books.google.com]
  • Use of needle aspiration techniques. Acta Cytol 46: 848–854 PubMed Google Scholar 24.[link.springer.com]
Hypertension
  • No relationship was seen with histories of hypertension, diabetes, atherosclerotic coronary vascular disease, recent surgery, and steroid use.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The results of other variables of hypertension, cardiovascular disease, alcohol consumption, opium addiction, DM, smoking, and other underlying diseases are contained in Table 2 .[urotoday.com]
  • It is used to treat high blood pressure (hypertension). High blood pressure adds to the workload of the heart and arteries. If it continues for a long time, the heart and arteries may not function properly.[mayoclinic.org]
  • Hemorrhagic renal infarction due to renal vein thrombosis Signs and Symptoms Flank pain or abdominal pain Hematuria Arterial hypertension Irregular heart rate Nausea, vomiting Oligouria, Anuria Diagnostic Work-Up Urine: Signs for kidney infarction are[urology-textbook.com]
Vascular Disease
  • No relationship was seen with histories of hypertension, diabetes, atherosclerotic coronary vascular disease, recent surgery, and steroid use.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Other factors such as smoking habits, hypertension, preexisting atherosclerotic coronary vascular disease, and a previous history of general anesthesia may lead to AUR via probable prostatic infarction [2].[urotoday.com]
  • disease TSH to evaluate for hypothyroidism Consider referral to Urology for nocturnal penile tumescence (NPT) testing, which is a home test of number of nocturnal erections and level of penile rigidity a man experiences during sleep; a normal NPT measurement[hiv.va.gov]
Blister
  • Bleeding into the urethra or bladder: This can cause a blood blister (hematoma), an inability to urinate, or a need to urinate often.[bioprognos.com]
Urinary Retention
  • Four of 12 men with available information had acute urinary retention, with markedly enlarged prostates in three (90 cc, 92 cc, 94 cc); two of these men had hematuria.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • None of the patients with BPH and urinary retention had a previous history of anticholinergic use.[urotoday.com]
  • Definition / general Mean age 71 years ( Am J Surg Pathol 2000;24:1378 ) Usually associated with nodular hyperplasia in TURP specimens, not needle biopsies Usually clinically silent, may cause acute urinary retention due to associated edema May cause[pathologyoutlines.com]
  • Elevations may also be associated with urethral instrumentation, TUR, prostatic needle biopsy, urinary retention, or prostatic infarct.[labcorp.com]
Hematuria
  • Four of 12 men with available information had acute urinary retention, with markedly enlarged prostates in three (90 cc, 92 cc, 94 cc); two of these men had hematuria.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • […] proteinuria , microhematuria or hematuria.[urology-textbook.com]
  • Definition / general Mean age 71 years ( Am J Surg Pathol 2000;24:1378 ) Usually associated with nodular hyperplasia in TURP specimens, not needle biopsies Usually clinically silent, may cause acute urinary retention due to associated edema May cause gross hematuria[pathologyoutlines.com]
  • PC is the most common malignancy in men and often shows an adenocarcinoma histology with symptoms such as hematuria and obstruct urine flow.[moh-it.pure.elsevier.com]
Prostatic Disease
  • Recently, several studies exploring the relationship between cardiovascular (CV) risk and prostatic diseases have been published.[moh-it.pure.elsevier.com]
  • Clinical Trials Some men may find that standard treatments are not sufficient to treat their prostatic diseases, from long term prostatitis to prostate cancer.[urologywestchester.com]
  • .; Andres, Reubin et al. (1992): Longitudinal Evaluation of Prostate-Specific Antigen Levels in Men With and Without Prostate Disease. JAMA : the journal of the American Medical Association 267 (16), S. 2215–2220. Cartledge, J.[med4you.at]
  • These services are offered to educate, inform, and motivate consumers to make informed choices about prostate cancer and other prostate diseases.[aboutzoladex.com]
  • Longitudinal evaluation of prostate-specific antigen levels in men with and without prostate disease. JAMA 1992;267:2215-2220. 27. Catalona WJ, Partin AW, Slawin KM, et al.[bcmj.org]
Enlargement of the Prostate
  • Doxazosin is also used to treat benign (noncancerous) enlargement of the prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia [BPH]). Benign enlargement of the prostate is a problem that can occur in men as they get older.[mayoclinic.org]
  • TRUS reveals an enlarged prostate with round shape in axial plane, heterogeneous or decreased echogenicity, loss of the echogenicity difference between the TZ and the PZ, and capsular indistinctness.[radiologykey.com]
  • Surgery La-Pa Open Prostatectomy Definition Open prostatectomy is a procedure for removal of an enlarged prostate gland.[surgeryencyclopedia.com]
  • Benign prostatic hyperplasia is a progressive, androgen-dependent disease resulting in enlargement of the prostate gland and urinary obstruction.[nejm.org]
  • Rectal examination revealed an enlarged, nodular firm prostate. Gross: The prostate was large, nodular, and 120 grams in weight. The capsule was tense, and many gray-white firm nodules bulged out of the cut surface.[web.duke.edu]
Enlargement of the Prostate
  • Doxazosin is also used to treat benign (noncancerous) enlargement of the prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia [BPH]). Benign enlargement of the prostate is a problem that can occur in men as they get older.[mayoclinic.org]
  • TRUS reveals an enlarged prostate with round shape in axial plane, heterogeneous or decreased echogenicity, loss of the echogenicity difference between the TZ and the PZ, and capsular indistinctness.[radiologykey.com]
  • Surgery La-Pa Open Prostatectomy Definition Open prostatectomy is a procedure for removal of an enlarged prostate gland.[surgeryencyclopedia.com]
  • Benign prostatic hyperplasia is a progressive, androgen-dependent disease resulting in enlargement of the prostate gland and urinary obstruction.[nejm.org]
  • Rectal examination revealed an enlarged, nodular firm prostate. Gross: The prostate was large, nodular, and 120 grams in weight. The capsule was tense, and many gray-white firm nodules bulged out of the cut surface.[web.duke.edu]

Treatment

  • […] of Prostate Cancer Novel Bone-Targeted Therapy in Metastatic Prostate Cancer Emerging Treatment Strategies for Metastatic Prostate Cancer: The Next Step Forward[books.google.com]
  • Panic Level Symptoms and Treatment are provided for dangerously increased and decreased levels.[books.google.com]
  • He is experienced with most effective treatment options for BPH including medical (non-surgical) and minimally invasive treatments such as Urolift , TUNA, and microwave.[newyorkurologyspecialists.com]
  • Discover more Take control of your journey Cutting-edge treatments are available for every stage of prostate cancer.[provenge.com]
  • However, a large prostate may produce no symptoms and does not require treatment. On the other hand, even mild prostate enlargement can cause urinary difficulties requiring treatment. Click here to find out more.[urologywestchester.com]

Prognosis

  • Report to the Nation on Prostate Cancer 2004, Chapter 1: Detection, Diagnosis, and Prognosis of Prostate Cancer CME. Medscape Today, Clinical Update [On-line CME]. Available online at . (2005 January 1, Revised).[labtestsonline.it]
  • […] erection (erectile dysfunction) Pain in the hips, back (spine), chest (ribs), or other areas from cancer that has spread to bones Weakness or numbness in the legs or feet, or even loss of bladder or bowel control from cancer pressing on the spinal cord Prognosis[bioprognos.com]
  • This recommendation highlights possible limitations of PSA testing and the need for better biomarkers to facilitate diagnosis, prognosis, and stratification of treatment.[bcmj.org]
  • In men known to have prostate cancer, based on their biopsy result, the PSA test can help predict prognosis.[neilbaum.net]
  • Stege R, Tribukait B, Lundh B et al. (1992) Quantitative estimation of tissue prostate specific antigen, deoxyribonucleic acid ploidy and cytological grade in fine needle aspiration biopsies for prognosis of hormonally treated prostatic carcinoma.[link.springer.com]

Etiology

  • Etiology Infarction 4 Acute bacterial Prostatitis [ E.coli] Patient may have additional infection of urethra or urinary bladder (as a source of infection) .[slideplayer.com]
  • Etiology (Causes) of Kidney Infarction Thromboembolic event (90%).[urology-textbook.com]
  • The epidemiologic correlations depend in part on the etiology.[emedicine.medscape.com]
  • Etiology usually not apparent on histomorphology. Microscopic Features: Lymphocytes within the glands, between the epithelial cells or within the stroma - key feature .[librepathology.org]
  • Anjum et al [30] concluded that prostatic infarction had no role in the etiology of AUR due to BPH.[urotoday.com]

Epidemiology

  • The epidemiologic correlations depend in part on the etiology.[emedicine.medscape.com]
  • Source: Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program of the U.S. National Cancer Institute.[bioprognos.com]
  • Mettlin C (1997) Recent developments in the epidemiology of prostate cancer. Eur J Cancer 33: 340–347 PubMed CrossRef Google Scholar 63. Mettlin C, Murphy GP, Ray P et al. (1993) American Cancer Society – National Prostate Cancer Detection Project.[link.springer.com]
  • The epidemiology of acute urinary retention in benign prostatic hyperplasia. Rev Urol . 2001;3(4):187-192. PubMed Roehrborn CG, McConnell JD, Lieber M, et al.[urotoday.com]
  • Drug-induced renal calculi: epidemiology, prevention and management . Drugs. 2004;64(3):245-75. Lebovitch S, Mydlo JH. HIV-AIDS: urologic considerations . Urol Clin N Am. 2008 Feb;35(1):59-68; vi.[hiv.va.gov]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • In fact, there are some factors involved in the pathophysiology and treatment of prostatic diseases that may influence the establishment and progression of myocardial infarction (MI) in elderly patients with comorbidities.[moh-it.pure.elsevier.com]
  • […] helpful Predicting recurrence after radical prostatectomy for clinically localized prostate cancer and following response to androgen ablation therapy, when used in conjunction with prostate-specific antigen Clinical Information Discusses physiology, pathophysiology[mayomedicallaboratories.com]
  • This finding indicates in increased sympathetic activity a common pathophysiological factor for both disease states [ 31 ].[bmcsurg.biomedcentral.com]

Prevention

  • Coverage includes discussion of multiple new agents that have been shown to impact overall survival or improve skeletal-related events in metastatic CRPC as well as articles covering new data on screening and prevention, integration of surgery and radiation[books.google.com]
  • Pathologists' awareness of prostatic infarcts on needle biopsy and their potential for atypical histology can prevent the misdiagnosis of cancer.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Pathologists' awareness of prostatic infarcts on needle biopsy and their potential for atypical histology can prevent the misdiagnosis of cancer. From the Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.A.[journals.lww.com]
  • Preventive Services Task Force. USPSTF Recommendation Statement. Annals of Internal Medicine v 157 (2) 121. [On-line information]. Available online at . Accessed 06/15/15. Genzen, J. et. al. (2015 March, Updated). Prostate Cancer - PSA.[labtestsonline.it]
  • This means that 1410 men would need to be screened and 48 additional cases of prostate cancer would need to be treated to prevent one death from prostate cancer.[krebsforum.at]

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