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Infectious Diarrhea


Presentation

  • One simple approach is to categorize patients into two groups: those who present with bloody diarrhea and those who present with nonbloody diarrhea ( Table 1 ). 3 – 5 Table 1: Possible causes of acute infectious diarrhea 3 – 5 Agent Nonbloody diarrhea[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Abstract THE PURPOSE of this review is to summarize the present status of antibiotic therapy of diarrhea in infancy and childhood.[pediatrics.aappublications.org]
Pain
  • […] stools is reasonable before starting therapy. 20 Box 1 Clinical features suggestive of infection with Escherichia coli O157 19, 20 Bloody diarrhea preceded by one to three days of nonbloody diarrhea Five stools in 24 hours Abdominal tenderness Worsening pain[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Nausea
  • . †1000 mg of azithromycin can cause nausea. Note: C. difficile Clostridium difficile, E. coli Escherichia coli. The most common causes of community-acquired, infectious diarrhea are viral and short-lived.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Treatment

  • What treatment should be offered? Treatment of infectious diarrhea can be divided into supportive treatment and pathogen-directed treatment. Supportive treatment The mainstay of treatment is oral hydration.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • We concluded that these results were very encouraging but more research is needed to identify exactly which probiotics should be used for which groups of people, and also to assess the cost effectiveness of this treatment.[cochrane.org]

Etiology

Prevention

  • Patients who have acute gastrointestinal illness should be reminded of the importance of hand hygiene as a way to prevent transmission to others.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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