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Infectious Lung Disease

Pulmonary Infection


Presentation

  • HRCT proved to be helpful to correctly identify BO cases, whereas histology was always needed to better define DLD presenting with an interstitial and/or alveolar pattern.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • […] lobe usually caused by viral infection stages of lobar pneumonia congestion red hepatization gray hepatization resolution active hyperemia, long is heavy and boggy few neutrophils extravasate red blood cells and fibrinopurulent exudate neutrophils are present[quizlet.com]
  • Eight of the patients with COPD presented documented sequential episodes of P. aeruginosa respiratory infections (strains named “COPD”), and 5 presented a first episode of infection due to this microorganism (strains named “L”).[cid.oxfordjournals.org]
  • The aim of the present retrospective study was to determine if HHV-6 can be identified as a potential pathogen in infectious lung disease after BMT.[nature.com]
  • […] of clinical and radiographic presentations.[hivinsite.ucsf.edu]
Constitutional Symptom
  • Hemoptysis and constitutional symptoms are not typical 2 . Mycobacterium avium and Mycobacterium intracellulare are now considered together, and referred to as Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) or Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare complex (MAIC).[radiopaedia.org]
  • Hemoptysis and constitutional symptoms are not typical 2. Mycobacterium avium and Mycobacterium intracellulare are now considered together, and referred to as Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) or Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare complex (MAIC).[radiopaedia.org]
Camping
  • In this case, the frequent patient-to-patient contact in hospitals or at holiday camps [ 38 ] allows selection of bacterial clones that can establish themselves as evolutive successful (epidemic) lineages in hospitals.[cid.oxfordjournals.org]
Hemoptysis
  • Indications for surgery included recurrent active infection, hemoptysis, or antibiotic intolerance associated with focal bronchiectasis (86%), cavitary disease (7%), or both (7%).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Complications of surgery include bronchopleural fistulas , hemoptysis and empyema 2 .[radiopaedia.org]
  • Complications of surgery include bronchopleural fistulas, hemoptysis and empyema 2.[radiopaedia.org]
  • […] pulmonary disease any abnormal condition of the respiratory system, characterized by cough, chest pain, dyspnea, hemoptysis, sputum production, stridor, or adventitious sounds.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]
  • […] expired air呼気 extubation抜管 f fibrosis線維症、線維増多 fine crackle[s]捻髪音、細かい断続[性ラ]音 finger clubbing[太鼓]ばち(撥)指形成 forced expiratory volume in the first second (FEV1) 努力性呼気一秒量 forced vital capacity (FVC) 努力肺活量 g gas (gaseous) exchangeガス交換 h hair line毛髪線〈胸部 X線上の葉間線〉 hemoptysis[tokyo-med.ac.jp]
Rales
  • 肺症 pneumonia肺炎 productive cough 湿性せき、痰を伴うせき psittacosisおうむ病 pulmonary 肺の pulmonary adventitious sound[s]ラ音 pulmonary carcinoma肺癌 pulmonary function test肺機能検査 pulmonary hilum肺門 pulmonary marking[s]肺紋理 pulse oximetryパルスオキシメトリー purulent膿性 r radiation放射線 rale[tokyo-med.ac.jp]
  • For example, the finding of rales in association with a cardiac S3 gallop and elevated jugular venous pressure suggests a cardiac etiology for the respiratory symptoms.[hivinsite.ucsf.edu]

Workup

  • Primary Infection A thorough immunologic workup and early start with antiviral therapy in any patient with a life- threatening course of HHV-6 lung infection is mandatory because a severe HHV-6 infection can be the first indication of primary immunodeficiency[hhv-6foundation.org]
Ground Glass Appearance
  • glass appearance hemorrhagic tracheobronchitis RNA reverstranstriptase makes errors and this is why the vaccines only work for a year or so parasite. infects the immunocompromised ground glass appearance allergic type is common in asthmatics. not an[quizlet.com]

Treatment

  • CONCLUSIONS: DLDs represent a group of entities heterogeneous in regard to variables such as onset and clinical behaviour (acute, subacute or chronic), predominant pattern of lung involvement (airway or parenchymal), response to treatment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • While most people with TB can be cured, often the treatment regimen lasts six months to one year. New medications are now making the treatment of TB easier.[nyp.org]
  • In the upper lobe cavitary form, lung destruction is usually progressive and can lead to respiratory failure and death if successful treatment is not instituted.[radiopaedia.org]
  • Hyaluronan could be detected following chloroquine pre-treatment, indicating rapid turnover and degradation of hyaluronan by macrophages.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Prognosis

  • The predominant airway involvement as well as the acute-onset of a respiratory illness with histological evidence of diffuse alveolar damage were associated with a worse prognosis because of a poor response to the immunosuppressive treatment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Prognosis depends on the form of the disease. In the upper lobe cavitary form, lung destruction is usually progressive and can lead to respiratory failure and death if successful treatment is not instituted.[radiopaedia.org]
  • In-depth studies of the microbiology of the respiratory tracts of patients with COPD are, nevertheless, needed to clearly ascertain the role of infection in the prognosis of the disease.[cid.oxfordjournals.org]

Etiology

  • Abstract Many chronic pulmonary diseases, including those that are not primarily infectious in etiology, have some aspects of their pathogenesis that are influenced by infectious organisms.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Rather than discussing the role of infections as etiology of these diseases, this article focuses on infections that occur in the background of established chronic lung disease.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Occasionally, abnormal findings on the lung examination are the result of a nonpulmonary etiology.[hivinsite.ucsf.edu]
  • Sethi Infectious etiology of acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis Chest, 117 (2000), pp. 380S-385S [6.] M.I. Morosini, R. Zalacain, J.[archbronconeumol.org]
  • F igure 1: Bacterial etiologies of acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis Guided Medline Search For Historical Aspects Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease[antimicrobe.org]

Epidemiology

  • Molecular epidemiology. The epidemiological relatedness of the strains was studied by PFGE [ 15 ]. Bacterial DNA embedded in agarose plugs, prepared as described elsewhere [ 7 ], was digested with use of the restriction enzyme Spe I.[cid.oxfordjournals.org]
  • Typically, clinical evaluation and local epidemiology Sometimes diagnostic testing Viral respiratory infections are typically diagnosed clinically based on symptoms and local epidemiology.[merckmanuals.com]
  • Research Team Alison Morris, MD, MS , Associate Professor of Medicine and Immunology conducts translational research in HIV-associated pulmonary disease with a focus on epidemiology and causes of HIV-associated COPD.[dom.pitt.edu]
  • Theme members come together to address this question from a diversity of perspectives, encompassing fundamental molecular and cellular investigations, through to clinical, epidemiological approaches.[www2.le.ac.uk]
  • Tesini, MD, Assistant Professor of Medicine and Pediatrics, Division of Infectious Diseases, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry; Associate Hospital Epidemiology, Strong Memorial Hospital and Golisano Children's Hospital, University[msdmanuals.com]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • The epidemiological and pathophysiological characteristics of the bacteria that produce these infections are very similar to those already found in patients with CF.[cid.oxfordjournals.org]
  • Pathophysiology of exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Proc Am Thorac Soc 2006; 3: 245-251. Sanjay Seth. New Developments in the pathogenesis of acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.[medigraphic.com]
  • Interstitial Lung Disease: Pathophysiology and Genetic Predisposition. Medscape General Medicine 2(1), 2000 [On-line information]. Available online at through . Brain, J. (2006 August, Revision). Biology of the lungs and airways.[labtestsonline.org]

Prevention

  • More specifically, the application claims use of suppressive oligonucleotides for the treatment, prevention, or inhibition of pneumonia, ARDS, and chronic bronchitis.[fda.gov]
  • Prevention of nosocomial infections in acute respiratory failure patients. Eur Respir J Suppl. 2003;42:72s–6. PubMed CrossRef Google Scholar 7.[link.springer.com]
  • The implementation of adequate protocols to prevent and treat P. aeruginosa infection might, therefore, help to alleviate the mortality and morbidity associated with COPD.[cid.oxfordjournals.org]
  • Therefore, it is important to watch for signs of infection and follow these tips to help prevent infections. You will probably not be able to avoid infections entirely, but these tips will help you prevent infections as much as possible.[my.clevelandclinic.org]

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