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Inhalation of Cadmium Fumes


Presentation

  • Presentation The presentation will depend on the age of the individual, the metal absorbed and whether this was the result of acute exposure - eg, vapour inhalation - or exposure over a more prolonged period of time.[patient.info]
  • In developing its educational products ATSDR has made a diligent effort to ensure the accuracy and the currency of the presented information.[atsdr.cdc.gov]
  • Present levels of general population exposure to cadmium have no known adverse health consequences.[cadmium.org]
Fever
  • "Metal Fume Fever." A carcinogen. Other chronic effects include damage to the respiratory tract. Cadmium Oxides Stainless steel containing cadmium or plated materials, zinc alloy.[ccohs.ca]
  • MFF, or "brass founder’s ague," "zinc shakes," or "Monday morning fever" as it is variously known, is characterized by fever, headache, fatigue, dyspnea, cough, and a metallic taste occurring within 3-10 hours after exposure.[emedicine.medscape.com]
  • Inhaling this fume can cause flu-like symptoms known as “metal fume fever.” The exposed worker may experience a high temperature, cough, sweating, chills, nausea, dry throat and fatigue.[lhsfna.org]
  • The person may experience fever and chills. Cadmium may also increase blood flow to the lungs, further complicating the alveolar hemorrhage. The lungs may also become inflamed and swell, causing difficulty breathing.[livestrong.com]
  • Acute intoxication : 1-Metal fume fever: Inhalation of cadmium oxide fumes, produced when cadmium metal and cadmium compounds are heated to high temperature, causes flu-like symptoms better known as « metal fume fever », a benign condition.[digitalfire.com]
Fever
  • "Metal Fume Fever." A carcinogen. Other chronic effects include damage to the respiratory tract. Cadmium Oxides Stainless steel containing cadmium or plated materials, zinc alloy.[ccohs.ca]
  • MFF, or "brass founder’s ague," "zinc shakes," or "Monday morning fever" as it is variously known, is characterized by fever, headache, fatigue, dyspnea, cough, and a metallic taste occurring within 3-10 hours after exposure.[emedicine.medscape.com]
  • Inhaling this fume can cause flu-like symptoms known as “metal fume fever.” The exposed worker may experience a high temperature, cough, sweating, chills, nausea, dry throat and fatigue.[lhsfna.org]
  • The person may experience fever and chills. Cadmium may also increase blood flow to the lungs, further complicating the alveolar hemorrhage. The lungs may also become inflamed and swell, causing difficulty breathing.[livestrong.com]
  • Acute intoxication : 1-Metal fume fever: Inhalation of cadmium oxide fumes, produced when cadmium metal and cadmium compounds are heated to high temperature, causes flu-like symptoms better known as « metal fume fever », a benign condition.[digitalfire.com]
Fatigue
  • Could cadmium be responsible for some of the neurological signs and symptoms of Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome. Med Hypotheses. 2012 Sep;79(3):403-7. doi: 10.1016/j.mehy.2012.06.007. Epub 2012 Jul 12.[globalhealingcenter.com]
  • The exposed worker may experience a high temperature, cough, sweating, chills, nausea, dry throat and fatigue. Cadmium can be found in zinc and is often used to protect steel from rusting.[lhsfna.org]
  • Short-term Effects Among the short-term effects is metal fume fever, symptoms of which occur four to 12 hours after exposure and include chills, thirst, fever, muscle ache, chest soreness, coughing, wheezing, fatigue, nausea, and a metallic taste.[thefabricator.com]
  • Early signs of poisoning are stomachache, loss of appetite, fatigue and sleeplessness. If the exposure continues, the lead starts to accumulate because of the very slow excretion.[ilo.org]
  • MFF, or "brass founder’s ague," "zinc shakes," or "Monday morning fever" as it is variously known, is characterized by fever, headache, fatigue, dyspnea, cough, and a metallic taste occurring within 3-10 hours after exposure.[emedicine.medscape.com]
Weight Loss
  • Chronic inhalation exposure to low doses of cadmium can cause poisoning symptoms of: coughing proteinuria weight loss difficulty breathing sense of smell loss Chronic cadmium exposure can also cause an increased risk for these health conditions: anemia[healthblurbs.com]
  • Exposure to cadmium for a few minutes can lead to difficulty in breathing, loss of sense of smell, drastic weight loss, severe lung and liver damage, kidney stones, bone fractures, osteomalacia, pulmonary edema, and various kidney diseases.[buzzle.com]
Exposure to Metal Fumes
  • Pregnant women should be aware of potential hazards to the fetus from many of the chemicals used in jewelry processes, and should avoid exposure to metal fumes and dusts in particular.[nontoxichub.com]
Cough
  • Chronic inhalation exposure to low doses of cadmium can cause poisoning symptoms of: coughing proteinuria weight loss difficulty breathing sense of smell loss Chronic cadmium exposure can also cause an increased risk for these health conditions: anemia[healthblurbs.com]
  • Most Important Symptoms/Effects, Acute and Delayed : May cause respiratory irritation, coughing, headache. See section 11 for more information.[espimetals.com]
  • Short term health effects are of inhaling welding smoke are: Irritation of the eyes, nose, and chest Coughing Shortness of breath Bronchitis Fluid in the lungs (Edema) Inflammation of the lungs (Pneumonitis) Loss of appetite Cramps Nausea / Vomiting Long[kemperamerica.com]
  • The symptoms of exposure, dizziness, chills, and cough usually take five or six hours to appear. Arc welding should never be performed within 200 ft. of degreasing equipment or solvents.[thefabricator.com]
  • Inhalation of cadmium fumes can severely damage the lungs and cause muscle weakness, shooting pain in the chest, dry throat, coughing, excessive sweating, shivering, pneumonitis, frequent headaches, and wheezing.[buzzle.com]
Dyspnea
  • Later on you may experience some of these toxic cadmium inhalation symptoms: dyspnea sweating shivering coughing arthralgia wheezing dry throat headache chest pain pneumonitis muscle weakness Inhalation of cadmium fumes can cause severe lung inflammation[healthblurbs.com]
  • MFF, or "brass founder’s ague," "zinc shakes," or "Monday morning fever" as it is variously known, is characterized by fever, headache, fatigue, dyspnea, cough, and a metallic taste occurring within 3-10 hours after exposure.[emedicine.medscape.com]
  • Signs and Symptoms of Acute Cadmium Oxide Exposure: The following signs and symptoms may be noted following exposure to cadmium oxide: cough, dyspnea (shortness of breath), dry mouth or increased salivation, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, bronchitis[cameochemicals.noaa.gov]
Anosmia
  • […] multiple risk factors such as multiparity and poor nutrition. 4-Miscellaneous: Other consequences of cadmium exposure are: anemia, yellow discoloration of the teeth, rhinitis, occasional ulceration of the nasal septum, damage to the olfactory nerve, and anosmia[digitalfire.com]
Abdominal Pain
  • Ingested cadmium poisoning causes symptoms of: shock vertigo choking salivation dyspepsia convulsions abdominal pain muscle cramps nausea, vomiting loss of consciousness Breathing high levels of cadmium can severely irritate and damage your lungs.[healthblurbs.com]
  • Gastrointestinal upset (abdominal pain, gingivitis and stomatitis, nausea, vomiting). Renal problems include acute renal failure, nephrotic syndrome and acute tubular necrosis.[patient.info]
  • Consumption of cadmium can cause shock, loss of consciousness, salivation, abdominal pain, choking, vertigo, muscle cramps, nausea, vomiting, and convulsions.[buzzle.com]
  • pain (ingestion) Copper deficiency: anemia, neurologic degeneration, osteoporosis Normal range: 0.6-1.1 mg/L (plasma) 10-14 mg/L (red cells) * *No accepted chelation regimen; contact a medical toxicologist regarding treatment plan.[emedicine.medscape.com]
  • Signs and Symptoms of Acute Cadmium Oxide Exposure: The following signs and symptoms may be noted following exposure to cadmium oxide: cough, dyspnea (shortness of breath), dry mouth or increased salivation, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, bronchitis[cameochemicals.noaa.gov]
Metallic Taste
  • When its initially inhaled you may notice a sweet or metallic taste, and then throat irritation.[healthblurbs.com]
  • MFF, or "brass founder’s ague," "zinc shakes," or "Monday morning fever" as it is variously known, is characterized by fever, headache, fatigue, dyspnea, cough, and a metallic taste occurring within 3-10 hours after exposure.[emedicine.medscape.com]
  • Symptoms include a metallic taste in the mouth, loss of appetite, nausea, abdominal cramps and insomnia. The release of carbon monoxide is also associated with welding and cutting.[lhsfna.org]
  • It presents with: Metallic taste and increased salivation. Nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea. Impaired sensation. Difficulty breathing, cough, chest pain. Complications include pneumonitis and pulmonary oedema.[patient.info]
  • Short-term Effects Among the short-term effects is metal fume fever, symptoms of which occur four to 12 hours after exposure and include chills, thirst, fever, muscle ache, chest soreness, coughing, wheezing, fatigue, nausea, and a metallic taste.[thefabricator.com]
Chest Pain
  • Later on you may experience some of these toxic cadmium inhalation symptoms: dyspnea sweating shivering coughing arthralgia wheezing dry throat headache chest pain pneumonitis muscle weakness Inhalation of cadmium fumes can cause severe lung inflammation[healthblurbs.com]
  • Irritation of respiratory system, sore and dry throat, chest pain and breathing difficulty. Chronic effects include kidney damage and emphysema. Suspected carcinogen. Chromium Most stainless-steel and high-alloy materials, welding rods.[ccohs.ca]
  • Difficulty breathing, cough, chest pain. Complications include pneumonitis and pulmonary oedema. Chronic exposure may cause anaemia, emphysema or renal failure and cadmium may be a risk factor in the development of prostate or lung cancer.[patient.info]
  • Exposures to high levels of cadmium dust or fume may be immediately dangerous to life or health and can cause delayed pneumonitis with fever and chest pain, and pulmonary edema resulting in death.[espimetals.com]
Hypertension
  • This toxic metal is known to cause cancer, hypertension and enzyme activity decrease as well.[healthblurbs.com]
  • Cadmium exposure is a risk factor associated with early atherosclerosis and hypertension, which can both lead to cardiovascular disease . * Disclaimer : The information presented in CigaretteKills.com website is for informational purposes only.[cigarettekills.com]
Muscle Weakness
  • Later on you may experience some of these toxic cadmium inhalation symptoms: dyspnea sweating shivering coughing arthralgia wheezing dry throat headache chest pain pneumonitis muscle weakness Inhalation of cadmium fumes can cause severe lung inflammation[healthblurbs.com]
  • Inhalation of cadmium fumes can severely damage the lungs and cause muscle weakness, shooting pain in the chest, dry throat, coughing, excessive sweating, shivering, pneumonitis, frequent headaches, and wheezing.[buzzle.com]
Kidney Failure
  • Continuous, prolonged exposure to cadmium may result in kidney failure, a life-threatening condition. Cancer Prolonged exposure to cadmium has been known to cause cancer.[livestrong.com]
  • However, cadmium in welding fumes causes the lung disease, emphysema, as well as kidney failure ( Cadmium Exposure from Welding, American Welding Society ; Welding Health Hazards, OSHA ).[welding-rod-dangers.com]
Headache
  • Later on you may experience some of these toxic cadmium inhalation symptoms: dyspnea sweating shivering coughing arthralgia wheezing dry throat headache chest pain pneumonitis muscle weakness Inhalation of cadmium fumes can cause severe lung inflammation[healthblurbs.com]
  • Very low concentrations (e.g., one part per million) cause headaches and dryness of the eyes. Chronic effects include significant changes in lung function.[ccohs.ca]
  • Inhalation of cadmium fumes can severely damage the lungs and cause muscle weakness, shooting pain in the chest, dry throat, coughing, excessive sweating, shivering, pneumonitis, frequent headaches, and wheezing.[buzzle.com]
  • There may be headache, chills, diarrhea, muscle aches, nausea, vomiting, irritability, and restlessness.[espimetals.com]
  • The symptoms of acute cadmium poisoning may resemble a flu-like illness with fever, headache, coughing and chills. If cadmium entered the body through food or water, vomiting, stomach pain and diarhea may also occur.[healthpedian.org]
Dizziness
  • Dizziness, mental confusion, asphyxiation and death. Ozone Formed in the welding arc, especially during plasma-arc, MIG and TIG processes. Acute effects include fluid in the lungs and hemorrhaging.[ccohs.ca]
  • Secondary symptoms include depression; sleep disturbances; dizziness; stooped posture; constipation; dementia; and problems with speech, breathing, swallowing, and sexual function.[thefabricator.com]
  • Mild exposure to this gas can cause headaches, dizziness, ringing in the ears and nausea. High levels of carbon monoxide inhalation can rob a worker’s body of oxygen.[lhsfna.org]
  • Vertigo (dizziness), fever, and profuse sweating are common. Victims may collapse. Emergency Life-Support Procedures: Acute exposure to cadmium oxide may require decontamination and life support for the victims.[cameochemicals.noaa.gov]
Seizure
  • Normal excretion: 25 µg/24 h (urine) BAL D-Penicillamine Succimer Iron Vomiting, GI hemorrhage, cardiac depression, metabolic acidosis Hepatic cirrhosis Nontoxic: 300 µg/dL Severe: 500 µg/dL Deferoxamine Lead Nausea, vomiting, encephalopathy (headache, seizures[emedicine.medscape.com]
  • Syrup of Ipecac should be administered only if victims are alert, have an active gag-reflex, and show no signs of impending seizure or coma.[cameochemicals.noaa.gov]

Treatment

  • الصفحة 275 - Acute illness which requires medical treatment where there is reason to believe that this resulted from exposure to a biological agent or its toxins or infected material. ‏[books.google.com]
  • No chelating agent can be proposed for the treatment of the chronic intoxication.[digitalfire.com]
  • No effective treatment for cadmium toxicity exists. For the general public, the primary source of exposure to cadmium is dietary. Smoking tobacco adds an additional burden of cadmium.[atsdr.cdc.gov]

Epidemiology

  • Seite 441 - Becklake MR: Asbestos-related diseases of the lung and other organs: Their epidemiology and implications for clinical practice. ‎ Seite 279 - Intravascular activation of complement and acute lung injury.[books.google.de]
  • الصفحة 69 - Epidemiology is defined as the study of the distribution and determinants of health-related states or events in specified populations, and the application of this study to control of health problems. ‏[books.google.com]
  • Epidemiology Heavy metal poisoning is rare in the UK, even in industries where there is an increased risk. [ 1 ] The most common cause of heavy metal poisoning is lead.[patient.info]
  • Most of the available epidemiological information on cadmium has been obtained from occupationally exposed workers or on Japanese populations in highly contaminated areas.[cadmium.org]
  • NIOSH suggested two complementary types of research to fill those gaps,: A continuation of epidemiological studies to provide a better understanding of the role that welding fumes may play in immunosuppression, lung cancer development, neurotoxicity,[thefabricator.com]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Prevention

  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is authorized by IACET to offer .15 IACET CEU's for this program.[atsdr.cdc.gov]
  • Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014. Available online . Last accessed December 16, 2014. National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health. Cadmium Dust, NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards.[cancer.gov]
  • Duties for preventive action have been defined for both workers and for employers.[ilo.org]

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