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Inhalation of Noxious Gases


Presentation

  • الصفحة xxxiv - Preparing for class is easy with the resources found on this CD-ROM, including: • PowerPoint Presentations, providing you with a powerful way to make presentations that are both educational and engaging to your students. ‏[books.google.com]
  • Presenting sophisticated concepts in a readable, accessible format, the book distills the latest information into practical knowledge.[books.google.com]
  • Chemical Agents of Opportunity for Terrorism Complete Course Description Course Target Audience The information presented will be of interest to state and local first responders, EMTs, paramedics, emergency physicians, emergency response coordinators,[acmt.net]
  • Rather, it is essential to be able to recognize when any potential airway compromise is present.[emsworld.com]
  • Toxic gases: Toxic gases can be present in a confined space because the type of manufacturing process uses toxic substances as part of the production process, or biological and chemical "breakdown" of the product being stored in a tank, and from maintenance[sc.edu]
Fever
  • Exposure can cause metal fume fever. Cadmium: Used as a rust-preventive coating on steel and as an alloying element. Acute exposures can produce severe lung irritation, pulmonary edema, and death.[seegerweiss.com]
  • There was a fall in his urine output and he also demonstrated spikes of intermittent fever. There was no improvement in the GCS. All standard supportive therapies were instituted. Intensive monitoring was continued.[medcraveonline.com]
  • […] irritation ppm mild irritation LD50 for 1 hour exposure 175 ppm Acute phase: Mucosal irritation (may last up to 2 weeks), methemoglobinemia October 28, 2003 Gases and Toxic Inhalation 47 Gases and Toxic Inhalation Nitrogen dioxide Delayed: 3-36 hours Fever[slideplayer.com]
Anemia
  • Chronic cases: Elevation of urine arsenic level October 28, 2003 Gases and Toxic Inhalation 66 Gases and Toxic Inhalation Arsine : Treatment Decontamination: Removal from exposure ABC: 100% oxygen Supportive care: Blood transfusion in case of severe anemia[slideplayer.com]
Cough
  • Exposure to chloramine gases can cause the following symptoms: Coughing. Nausea. Shortness of breath. Watery eyes. Chest pain. Irritation to the throat, nose, and eyes. Wheezing. Pneumonia and fluid in the lungs.[doh.wa.gov]
  • This can cause mucosal sloughing and hemorrhage, which often manifests itself as coughing and hemoptysis.[resusreview.com]
  • Nonsoluble gases cause fewer immediate symptoms but can cause dyspnea or cough. Patients who develop ARDS have worsening dyspnea and increasing oxygen requirements.[merckmanuals.com]
  • Short term health effects are of inhaling welding smoke are: Irritation of the eyes, nose, and chest Coughing Shortness of breath Bronchitis Fluid in the lungs (Edema) Inflammation of the lungs (Pneumonitis) Loss of appetite Cramps Nausea / Vomiting Long[kemperamerica.com]
  • You should go to the nearest emergency department if you have been advised to do so, or if you, or your child, have: trouble breathing coughing that won’t stop wheezing (or a whistling sound while breathing).[healthdirect.gov.au]
Dyspnea
  • Nonsoluble gases cause fewer immediate symptoms but can cause dyspnea or cough. Patients who develop ARDS have worsening dyspnea and increasing oxygen requirements.[merckmanuals.com]
  • However, in some cases disabling long-term sequelae, eg, bronchiectasis, chronic airflow obstruction, bronchial hyperreactivity, asthma-like disease (reactive airways dysfunction syndrome), bronchiolitis obliterans, or residual psychophysiologic dyspnea[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • […] asphyxia Situations: Confined space High ambient concentration -- compressed liquefied gas October 28, 2003 Gases and Toxic Inhalation 5 Simple asphyxiants: Clinical manifestations Symptoms of hypoxia CVS and CNS effects predominate No hypercapnia No dyspnea[slideplayer.com]
  • […] inhalation effects if exposed to fire in a confined space assess for airway injury and respiratory compromise — features of airway burns — upper airways: singed nasal airs, facial burns, soot in nose and pharynx, stridor, hoarseness — lower airways: wheeze, dyspnea[lifeinthefastlane.com]
  • Exposure to even low concentrations of hydrogen sulphide can cause irritation of the eyes, sore throat, dyspnea and cough. Prolonged exposure can even cause pulmonary edema, headache and dizziness [4].[medcraveonline.com]
Hemoptysis
  • This can cause mucosal sloughing and hemorrhage, which often manifests itself as coughing and hemoptysis.[resusreview.com]
  • Marked cough, hemoptysis, wheezing, retching, and dyspnea are common. The upper airway may be obstructed by edema, secretions, or laryngospasm. Severity is generally dose-related.[merckmanuals.com]
Rales
  • […] mild irritation LD50 for 1 hour exposure 175 ppm Acute phase: Mucosal irritation (may last up to 2 weeks), methemoglobinemia October 28, 2003 Gases and Toxic Inhalation 47 Gases and Toxic Inhalation Nitrogen dioxide Delayed: 3-36 hours Fever dyspnea rales[slideplayer.com]
  • Auscultation may reveal a variety of findings, such as absent or diminished sounds, wheezing, rales (crackles) or rhonchi.[emsworld.com]
Tachypnea
  • 2003 Gases and Toxic Inhalation 12 Gases and Toxic Inhalation October 28, 2003 Gases and Toxic Inhalation 13 Acute carbon monoxide poisoning ‘Flu-like symptoms’ Headache and dizziness Nausea, weakness, difficulty with concentration Mild tachycardia and tachypnea[slideplayer.com]
Blurred Vision
  • If you use bleach and experience shortness of breath, throat swelling, dizziness or blurred vision, vomiting or presence of blood in your urine or stool, call your local poison hotline immediately. Bleach and outdoor furniture don’t mix.[cleaningservicegotham.com]
Chemosis
  • 2003 Gases and Toxic Inhalation 36 Irritant gases: Clinical manifestations Short exposure Rapid onset of symptoms (seconds to minutes) Signal to escape the exposure Oral, nasal and pharyngeal pain Mucosal edema, cough, stridor Conjunctival injection, chemosis[slideplayer.com]
Blurred Vision
  • If you use bleach and experience shortness of breath, throat swelling, dizziness or blurred vision, vomiting or presence of blood in your urine or stool, call your local poison hotline immediately. Bleach and outdoor furniture don’t mix.[cleaningservicegotham.com]
Irritability
  • Seite 128 - Irritant: A chemical, which is not corrosive, but which causes a reversible inflammatory effect on living tissue by chemical action at the site of contact.[books.google.de]
  • The book delineates key issues in the field such as regulatory aspects of exposure and testing, testing equipment and methods, biomarkers, pathology, allergies and immunology, irritation of the respiratory tract, and risk assessment.[books.google.com]
  • Irritant gas exposures predominantly affect the airways, causing tracheitis, bronchitis, and bronchiolitis.[merckmanuals.com]
  • The irritant gas chloramine is released. Some gases—for instance, nitrogen dioxide—do not dissolve easily.[msdmanuals.com]
  • […] inflammation and bronchiolitis obliterans 2-6 after the exposure October 28, 2003 Gases and Toxic Inhalation 46 Gases and Toxic Inhalation Nitrogen dioxide 1-3 ppm odor 15 ppm minimal irritation ppm mild irritation LD50 for 1 hour exposure 175 ppm Acute[slideplayer.com]
Burning Sensation
  • The workers were able to recollect that they had a very pungent irritant odor on entering the tank associated with severe redness and watering from their eyes followed by throat pain, tightness in the chest and retrosternal burning sensation with loss[mjmsr.net]
  • sensation in the esophagus vomiting up blood decreased mental status difficult, labored breathing irregular heartbeat loss of consciousness seizures If you are with someone you think has poisoning, quickly move the victim to fresh air to avoid further[healthline.com]
Neglect
  • In jobs that require long shifts working with heavy equipment and toxic materials, often with little training or supervision, the hazards are numerous — and critics say industry sometimes neglects safety in its rush to produce.[hcn.org]
Tremor
  • Long-term exposure may produce tremors, emotional instability, and hearing damage. Lead: The welding and cutting of lead-bearing alloys or metals whose surfaces have been painted with lead-based paint can generate lead oxide fumes.[seegerweiss.com]
Slurred Speech
  • Other signs include: watery eyes slurred speech drunken appearance excitability sudden weight loss chemical smells on the clothing or breath paint stains on the clothing, face, or hands lack of coordination hidden empty spray cans or rags soaked in chemicals[healthline.com]

Treatment

  • Treatment is urgently required. Transport to a hospital. Ingestion: Not applicable (gas). First Aid Comments: Some of the first aid procedures recommended here require advanced first aid training.[ccohs.ca]
  • Call Substance Abuse Treatment Facility Locator from the National Institute on Drug Abuse at 1-800-662-HELP if you need information or advice about treatment, or if you are addicted and want to stop now.[healthline.com]
  • Since poisons work in different ways depending on the amount and type ingested, it is important to consult with a doctor or a poison control center to seek advice for treatment. More[sharecare.com]
  • Therapy of the respiratory effects of irritant gases should follow the general principles used for the treatment of upper and lower airway obstruction, noncardiogenic pulmonary edema, and hemorrhagic pneumonitis while spontaneous healing and recovery[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Inhalation 7 Simple asphyxiants: specific agents Noble gases: Helium, argon, xenon Short chain-aliphatic hydrocarbon gases: methane, ethane, propane, butane Carbon dioxide Nitrogen gases October 28, 2003 Gases and Toxic Inhalation 8 Simple asphyxiants: treatment[slideplayer.com]

Epidemiology

  • Seite 441 - Becklake MR: Asbestos-related diseases of the lung and other organs: Their epidemiology and implications for clinical practice. ‎ Seite 279 - Intravascular activation of complement and acute lung injury.[books.google.de]
  • الصفحة 441 - Becklake MR: Asbestos-related diseases of the lung and other organs: Their epidemiology and implications for clinical practice. ‏ الصفحة 279 - Intravascular activation of complement and acute lung injury.[books.google.com]
  • Seite 69 - Epidemiology is defined as the study of the distribution and determinants of health-related states or events in specified populations, and the application of this study to control of health problems. ‎[books.google.de]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Prevention

  • Ryles tube was inserted and nasogastric feeds were started to prevent gut bacterial translocation. Patient was kept adequately warm and hypothermia preventive measures were instituted.[medcraveonline.com]
  • These can be prevented by regular cleaning. Electrical . Flipping a light switch. Plugging in a coffeemaker. Charging a laptop computer.[nfpa.org]
  • The PIR itself is flammable, but the aluminium foil is designed to prevent it catching fire.[telegraph.co.uk]
  • Ventilating a complete workshop does not prevent hazardous substances to reach the welders breathing zone![kemperamerica.com]
  • If the person vomits, turn their head to the side to prevent choking. Do not try to rescue someone if there is a toxic gas involved, as you may also inhale the substance. Call triple zero (000) for help.[healthdirect.gov.au]

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