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Invertebrate Sting

Venom Sea Animals/plants


Presentation

  • They present unique medical concerns.[dtmag.com]
  • , however, for the very young, elderly, people allergic to them or in extreme cases, they can present further complications.[australianmuseum.net.au]
  • The oral disk, containing the mouth, at the upper end of the body is surrounded by petal-like tentacles, which are often present in multiples of six.[britannica.com]
  • Hermaphrodites are common in invertebrates, this means that both male and female sexual organs are present in one individual.[animalcorner.co.uk]
  • They kept growing until they were covered with sediment or otherwise killed, [5] and spent most of their lives with their bodies firmly anchored to the sediment. [6] Their taxonomic affinities are presently unknown, but their mode of growth is consistent[en.wikipedia.org]
Nightmare
  • But stings, however painful, are a mere evolutionary afterthought to the real nightmare of wasps: the ovipositor.[cephalopodiatrist.com]
  • Their arrival at surf’s edge can transform a halcyon vacation into a stinging nightmare. Unfortunately, both the man-of-war’s and sea nettle’s peak appearance comes in July to September, prime beach season.[dtmag.com]
  • I am generally uncomfortable with small centipedes, so this species is the stuff of nightmare. What’s bigger than a giant squid? The colossal squid is now thought to be the heaviest cephalopod, and is also the largest invertebrate ever recorded.[listverse.com]
Chills
  • With large skin surface area involvement, the victim may complain of fever, chills, fatigue, dizziness, nausea, muscle cramps, and itching. Blisters induced by contact with Microciona prolifera may become infected.[dtmag.com]
  • Look for a swollen and red area, chills, fever, abdominal pain, nausea, anaphylaxis, shortness of breath, headache, and vomiting. Brown recluse bites include the same symptoms, though most people report they are painless.[infinitespider.com]
  • The following signs and symptoms are often reported following scorpion envenomation: intense pain that radiates towards the body and is especially acute at the armpits and groin areas, aggitation or anxiety, increased body temperature, sweating, chills[wrbu.org]
Goiter
  • In recognition of a medicinal property, the ancient Greeks burned sea sponges and inhaled the vapors as a preventative against goiter.[dtmag.com]
Crying
  • She bolted to the corner of her patch, whimpering and crying while pawing at her nose. Needless to say, what she thought was a leaf was not a leaf at all. She had a bloody spot on her nose and a bit of swelling, but learned a valuable lesson.[bugguide.net]
Nasal Congestion
  • Some of the symptoms of a sting are: swelling of the affected area, face, eyes or tongue, tenderness, pain, itching, hives, wheezing, slurred speech, nasal congestion, nausea or vomiting, difficulty breathing or swallowing, anxiety, and anxiety.[infinitespider.com]
Lip Swelling
  • The signs and symptoms of anaphylaxis may occur within minutes of a sting and include low blood pressure, difficulty in breathing, tongue and lip swelling, tightening in the throat, seizures, abnormal heart rhythms, itching, a raised red skin rash, nausea[dtmag.com]
Muscle Cramp
  • With large skin surface area involvement, the victim may complain of fever, chills, fatigue, dizziness, nausea, muscle cramps, and itching. Blisters induced by contact with Microciona prolifera may become infected.[dtmag.com]
Facial Swelling
  • If the allergic reaction is limited to itching and a skin rash, and the victim has no difficulty breathing, no facial swelling, and does not appear to be in distress, an oral antihistamine may be used as the initial therapy.[dtmag.com]
Irritability
  • Skin irritation can also result from contact with water containing venom that has already been released from stimulated nematocysts.[dtmag.com]
  • Capturing a small jar full of Carpenter Ant queens emerging from a nest and then deciding to sample the 'perfume' of the irritated queens with a strong sniff (valuable lesson on giving in to peer pressure here folks!) was quite an experience.[bugguide.net]
  • They can also prevent irritating (and sometimes serious) coral scrapes. They'll help protect against minor jelly stings and sea lice.[tripadvisor.com]
  • Its venom produces intense irritation in the area of contact. The fireworm is abundant on reefs, beneath stones in rocky areas or in seagrass beds, and on some muddy bottoms.[leisurepro.com]
  • This may also serve to spread the tiny, barbed hairs which can be very irritating. While I like unusual pets, I am not sure a spider covered in irritating hairs sufficiently large to cover my face is the right pet for me.[listverse.com]
Screaming
  • Before I could get close enough, she put her nose on the ground and let out a horrific scream. She bolted to the corner of her patch, whimpering and crying while pawing at her nose. Needless to say, what she thought was a leaf was not a leaf at all.[bugguide.net]
  • And the best strategy to deal with it is – get this – to lie down and start screaming![odditycentral.com]
  • The advice I give in speaking engagements is to lie down and scream.[undark.org]
Burning Sensation
  • These branches possess nematocysts (tiny, venomous stinging cells) that cause intense pain, burning sensations, and/or itching.[leisurepro.com]
  • In turbulent waters or in a strong current, fragments may be washed into a diver’s mask or regulator mouthpiece, causing a burning sensation in the eyes or mouth. Severe reactions, involving large areas of skin surface, are rarely reported.[dtmag.com]
Dizziness
  • Signs of an allergic reaction, which may occur within seconds to minutes, include sneezing, wheezing, hives, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, sudden anxiety, dizziness, difficulty breathing, chest tightness, and itching or swelling of the eyes, lips, or other[medicinenet.com]
  • With large skin surface area involvement, the victim may complain of fever, chills, fatigue, dizziness, nausea, muscle cramps, and itching. Blisters induced by contact with Microciona prolifera may become infected.[dtmag.com]

Workup

Vibrio Parahaemolyticus
  • Moreover, LvSTING expression can be robustly induced by challenge with the Gram-negative bacteria Vibrio parahaemolyticus.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Treatment

  • Treatment Decisive treatment should be instituted at the first indication of an allergic reaction.[dtmag.com]
  • In cases of infection, an antibiotic is the typical treatment.[medicinenet.com]
  • Most patients recover fully and rapidly without treatment, so it is difficult to say whether any particular course of treatment has any beneficial affect at all.[wrbu.org]
  • The pain can be lessened by treatment of the site with vinegar, but even this is usually unnecessary. The larger the jellyfish grow, the darker they become in color, with the largest specimens being a dark, blood red.[listverse.com]
  • GENERAL TREATMENT PRINCIPLES Like the venoms of marine vertebrates, marine-invertebrate venoms are often mixtures of compounds.[alertdiver.com]

Epidemiology

  • Descriptive epidemiology of mass mortality due to Ostreid herpesvirus-1 (OsHV-1) in commercially farmed Pacific oysters ( Crassostrea gigas ) in the Hawkesbury River estuary. Aust Aquacult 422-423 : 146– – 159 [CrossRef].[jgv.microbiologyresearch.org]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Prevention

  • They can also prevent irritating (and sometimes serious) coral scrapes. They'll help protect against minor jelly stings and sea lice.[tripadvisor.com]
  • In recognition of a medicinal property, the ancient Greeks burned sea sponges and inhaled the vapors as a preventative against goiter.[dtmag.com]
  • Clownfish produce mucous on their bodies that prevent the anemones from stinging them. Because most fish can't get near anemones without being stung and eaten, the clownfish is protected from predators.[aboutfishonline.com]
  • The queen secretes a pheromone called "queen substance" that prevents the other females from breeding. As the queen ages or dies, or if the hive gets too large, the amount of queen substance in the hive decreases.[stlzoo.org]
  • Apoptotic caspases prevent the induction of type I interferons by mitochondrial DNA. Cell 159, 1563–1577 (2014).[nature.com]

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