Edit concept Question Editor Create issue ticket

Ischemia


Presentation

  • We describe patterns of presentation and outcomes of patients with methamphetamine use who present with NOMI to a single institution.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Here, we document a rare case of colon ischemia presenting with subcutaneous and intramuscular emphysema of the thigh. A 76-year-old woman presented to the emergency department for left thigh pain for three days.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Thrombus from this arterial injury then embolizes down the arm resulting in the symptomatic presentation. Patients were often presented after multiple embolic events, which have resulted in obliteration of digital arteries.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • We present a case of arterial occlusion resulting in critical limb ischemia (CLI) in a pediatric patient. METHODS: A 14-year old boy presented with worsening right lower extremity pain and ulcerative lesions of his foot.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Exertional abdominal pain may be a unique manifestation of this disease, but when it presents, clinicians should have acute clinical awareness of this diagnosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Lower Extremity Pain
  • METHODS: A 14-year old boy presented with worsening right lower extremity pain and ulcerative lesions of his foot. Laboratory analysis revealed a diagnosis of APS.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Scotoma
  • METHODS: A 38-year-old woman presented with a 2-day history of a paracentral scotoma of her right eye.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • A 31-year-old man with a family history of retinal vasculopathy with cerebral leukoencephalopathy and systemic manifestations presented with a scotoma in his left eye.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Thigh Pain
  • A 76-year-old woman presented to the emergency department for left thigh pain for three days. Physical examination revealed tenderness without obvious crepitus, erythema or swelling over the left groin area and a soft abdomen without tenderness.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Dysmetria
  • A neurological examination showed left-arm paresthesia, horizontal-rotational nystagmus, and left-side dysmetria according to a finger-to-nose test. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography showed left subclavian artery dissection.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Workup

  • We report a case of a 50 year old woman presenting with digital ischemia, whose diagnostic workup led to an invasive breast cancer, with significant improvement of digital ischemia after a successful treatment of the neoplasm.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Bloody Ascites
  • However, massive bloody ascites from abdominal drainage developed on the 13th day of admission. She later passed away due to hemorrhagic shock.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Treatment

  • However, all 3 treatment modalities have significantly increased physical health at 6 months. Conservative therapy seems to be an acceptable treatment option in patients unfit for revascularization with gained physical health at 6 months.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • We herein present an extremely rare case of PLE after conservative treatment for NOMI. The possibility of PLE also needs to be considered when hypoalbuminemia occurs after conservative treatment of NOMI.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Clinicians might start with conservative treatment while considering other treatment options for patients with CLI.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Despite our general understanding, however, optimal treatment of this cohort remains elusive.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • A total of 22 metabolites were detected varied after propofol posthypoxia treatment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Prognosis

  • CONCLUSIONS: Patients with CLI with decline in ADL during hospitalization were found to have a poor prognosis suggesting that a decline in ADL may affect the clinical outcomes.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • These results showed that an increase in SPP of 20 mmHg after bypass surgery was associated with better limb prognosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • In order to get a better clinical prognosis, more and more studies focus on the pharmaceutical and nonpharmaceutical neuroprotective therapies against free radical damage.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Surgical revascularization did not improve the prognosis of patients with CLI as compared with the conservative therapy. Clinicians might start with conservative treatment while considering other treatment options for patients with CLI.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • These results illustrated that PCGE can reduce the cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury and improve prognosis by remedying the cell damage within affected tissues.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Etiology

  • Spontaneous subclavian artery dissection is a rare etiology. Spontaneous artery dissection causing brain ischemia is rare in all ischemic strokes.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Abstract The finding of portal pneumatosis may be related to multiple etiologies such as intestinal inflammatory diseases, intestinal infectious diseases, chemotherapy and radiotherapy treatments or advanced stages of intestinal ischemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • This case highlights the important diagnostic and therapeutic considerations in patients with less common etiologies of upper extremity ischemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • We wish to highlight spontaneous isolated IMA dissection as a rare etiology for chronic mesenteric ischemia and its management by endovascular methods.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • We report two cases of NOMI characterized by their difference in etiology, treatment and outcome. In the first case, the patient developed NOMI after septic shock, she was successfully treated with surgery.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Epidemiology

  • We present a short review of the literature, discussing epidemiology, pathophysiology, clinical presentations, diagnosis and management of NOMI. NOMI is a rare disease with a difficult diagnosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • It provides biological plausibility to support epidemiology studies that show ultrafine particles are especially potent in causing adverse cardiac outcomes.[cfpub.epa.gov]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • This study reviews the role of ALDH2 in modulating the pathways involved in the pathophysiology of IRI associated with oxidative stress, autophagy and apoptosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • We believe that understanding the pathophysiology ischemia-reperfusion injury will enable the development of novel treatment interventions. 2018 The Author(s). Published by S. Karger AG, Basel.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • We present a short review of the literature, discussing epidemiology, pathophysiology, clinical presentations, diagnosis and management of NOMI. NOMI is a rare disease with a difficult diagnosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • PURPOSE: Repeated cycles of endothelial ischemia-reperfusion injury and the resulting respiratory burst contribute to the irreversible pathophysiology of vascular diseases, and yet, the effects of ischemia reperfusion on vascular function, oxidative stress[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Evidence is now accumulating that glial cells, in particular astrocytes, play an active and important role in the pathophysiology of cerebral ischemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Prevention

  • Therefore, stroke prevention and treatment is clinically important. There are two important separate areas of the brain during ABI: the ischemic core and the ischemic penumbra.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The effects of statins on stroke prevention and treatment as well as on apoptotic mediators are also considered.[dx.doi.org]
  • The gold standard for diagnosis is computed tomography, and once the findings are observed, proper differential diagnosis must be asserted to prevent unnecessary laparotomies.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The management for preventing the delayed cerebral ischemia is clinically difficult because of its multifactorial nature.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Ablation of the stellate ganglia increased perfusion to his hand and likely prevented amputation that has lasted for approximately 1 year.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Ask Question

5000 Characters left Format the text using: # Heading, **bold**, _italic_. HTML code is not allowed.
By publishing this question you agree to the TOS and Privacy policy.
• Use a precise title for your question.
• Ask a specific question and provide age, sex, symptoms, type and duration of treatment.
• Respect your own and other people's privacy, never post full names or contact information.
• Inappropriate questions will be deleted.
• In urgent cases contact a physician, visit a hospital or call an emergency service!