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Jacksonian Seizure

Jacksonian March


Presentation

  • Complete diagnostic studies are indicated in patients presenting with sensory Jacksonian seizures because of the frequency of related focal pathology.[unboundmedicine.com]
  • In these individuals, seizures most likely result from lesions present in the cerebral cortex and subcortical white matter.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The observations in the following case, besides presenting interesting clinical and electroencephalographic findings, furnish information on some central mechanisms and therapeutic possibilities. REPORT OF A CASE History.[jamanetwork.com]
  • They involve a progression of the location of the seizure in the brain, which leads to a "march" of the motor presentation of symptoms.[definitions.net]
Loss of Hair
  • […] of hair Tremors or abnormal movements Problems with coordination Fevers, infections Prevention Treating the underlying disorders may reduce the risk of further seizures.[health.am]
Sleep Apnea
  • I have known people who sleep alot during the day to have sleep apnea and develop seizures from lack of oxygen during the night... Important to get a work up in addition to your thyroid workup.[healthquestions.medhelp.org]
Blurred Vision
  • Multiple sclerosis course during 2009-2012 The second MS relapse occurred in May 2009 and was characterized by blurred vision and diplopia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Seizure
  • Jacksonian march seizures are simple partial seizures that often do not require treatment. In this lesson we will discuss the symptoms and available treatment of these types of seizures.[study.com]
  • Freebase (0.00 / 0 votes) Rate this definition: Jacksonian seizure Jacksonian seizure is a phenomenon where simple partial seizure spread from distal part of limb to face ipsilaterally.[definitions.net]
  • A Jacksonian seizure is a type of focal partial seizure, also known as a simple partial seizure. This means the seizure is caused by unusual electrical activity that affects only a small area of the brain.[cedars-sinai.edu]
  • Seizure redirects here. For non epileptic seizures, see Non epileptic seizure. For other uses, see Seizure (disambiguation). Epileptic seizure Classification and external … Wikipedia[medicine.academic.ru]
  • Alternative names Simple seizure; Complex seizure; Partial (focal) seizure; Seizure - partial (focal) Definition A partial seizure is an episode of abnormal activity in a localized (specific) part of the brain which causes changes in attention, movement[health.am]
Dysmetria
  • On neurologic examination right-side finger to nose dysmetria and hyper reflexia was detected. Routine laboratory tests were normal except mild anemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Neglect
  • He was aware of the neglect Bravais work had received; hence, “Bravais-Jacksonian seizures” is another eponymous term used to describe the same phenomenon.[medlink.com]
Automatic Behavior
  • Strange odors, ictal fear, the sensation of déjà vu or jamais vu, and automatic behaviors such as lip smacking or repetitive hand movements are common. Notably, these symptoms are positive phenomena.[mdedge.com]

Workup

  • Important to get a work up in addition to your thyroid workup. Could it be some sort of interaction, or have I finally parted with what's left of my sanity? ___________________ ___________________ Dear Giselle, No, you are not crazy.[healthquestions.medhelp.org]

Treatment

  • Other conditions that look like Jacksonian march seizures are: migraines capsular warning syndrome stroke Treatment Treatment varies depending on the severity. Often the seizures are so mild that treatment is not necessary.[study.com]
  • Treatments If the condition is caused by a brain lesion that is treatable, surgery may be the best treatment option. Anti-seizure medications are a common treatment used for Jacksonian seizures.[cedars-sinai.edu]
  • The treatment was discontinued in 7.8%. Therefore, zonisamide is an effective treatment for refractory structural focal epilepsy in children with CP and comorbid pathology, which reduces the frequency of seizures without severe side-effects.[unboundmedicine.com]
  • Treatment of the causes may stop the seizures. This may include medication, surgical repair of tumors or brain lesions, and other treatments.[health.am]
  • Medical References Health Topics Medical Dictionary Diseases & Treatments Medical News Doctors Search Diseases & Conditions Allergy Arthritis Cancer More Topics... Attention, chocolate lovers: You may not be able to help yourselves.[medicineonline.com]

Prognosis

  • Expectations (prognosis) The outlook is largely determined by the underlying cause of the focal seizures.[health.am]
  • Benign febrile convulsions do not require treatment because of the favorable prognosis compared with the potential toxic effects of anticonvulsants in a young child.[meta-religion.com]
  • What Is the Prognosis for Seizures in Children? The prognosis for children with seizures depends on the type of seizures. Most children do well, are able to attend regular school, and have no limitations.[emedicinehealth.com]
  • Classification of seizure • It is important to determine the type of seizure that has occurred – to find out the etiology, selecting the appropriate therapy and providing information regarding prognosis • ILAE- International League against Epilepsy 3.[slideshare.net]

Etiology

  • If an infectious or a metabolic etiology is suspected, laboratory tests can also be helpful.[amboss.com]
  • Risk factors: 50% are ideopatic (etiology unknown), birth trauma, genetic factors (run in family), 5% of children with febrile (high fever) seizures develop epilepsy, physical or chemical trauma to the brain. 90-95% of patients are diagnosed before 20[scarletline.com]
  • Those beginning after age 25 may be secondary to cerebral trauma, tumors, or cerebrovascular disease, but 50% are of unknown etiology.[meta-religion.com]
  • ., motor seizure), (2) etiology (e.g., post-traumatic), (3) anatomic site of seizure origin (e.g., frontal lobe seizure), (4) tendency to spread to other structures in the brain, and (5) temporal patterns (e.g., nocturnal epilepsy).[icd10data.com]
  • Classification of seizure • It is important to determine the type of seizure that has occurred – to find out the etiology, selecting the appropriate therapy and providing information regarding prognosis • ILAE- International League against Epilepsy 3.[slideshare.net]

Epidemiology

  • The epidemiology of epilepsy revisited. Curr Opin Neurol. 2003; 16 :165–70. [ PubMed ] [ Google Scholar ] 6. Forsgren L, Beghi E, Oun A, Sillanpaa M. The epidemiology of epilepsy in Europe-A systematic review.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • Seizures in patients with multiple sclerosis: Epidemiology, pathophysiology and management. CNS Drugs. 2009; 23 :805–15. [ PMC free article ] [ PubMed ] [ Google Scholar ] 9. Kelley BJ, Rodriguez M.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Number of Embeds 21 Actions Shares 0 Downloads 466 Comments 0 Likes 17 No notes for slide ILAE commission has provided an updated approach to classification of seizuresThis system is based on clinical features of seizures and associated EEG findings The Pathophysiological[slideshare.net]

Prevention

  • Multiple, repeated seizures are usually treated with anti-seizure drugs such as phenytoin or carbamazepine for preventive, long-term use. Follow-up includes review of the need for drugs and monitoring for side effects.[health.am]
  • Treatment of Seizure The main aim of treatment is to prevent recurrence. Determining the cause of the seizure and treatment of causes such as infection or injury can prevent recurrence.[healthhype.com]
  • However, no evidence suggests that such treatment of complicated febrile seizures prevents the development of recurrent nonfebrile seizures (epilepsy).[meta-religion.com]

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