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Jugular Venous Distention

Jugular vein distention


Presentation

  • METHODS: This was a case series of 8 patients presenting with dyspnea without jugular venous distention on physical examination.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The present case emphasizes the importance of physical examination leading to a diagnosis of asymptomatic life-threatening diseases in patients with a history of previous aortic surgery.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The book focuses on the analysis of the presenting signs and symptoms, history, and physical examination and the appropriate use of laboratory and radiologic studies to reach a definitive diagnosis.[books.google.de]
  • The You are the Paramedic cases conclude with a Patient Care Report, showing the student exactly how the presented case would be documented. New to This Edition![books.google.de]
  • ., and Carolina Fux-Otta, M.D. 3 Citing Articles A 42-year-old woman presented with palpitations, anxiety, tremor, and weight loss.[nejm.org]
Candidiasis
  • Seite 20 - Candidiasis of bronchi, trachea, or lungs Candidiasis, esophageal Cervical cancer, invasive* Coccidioidomycosis, disseminated or extrapulmonary Cryptococcosis, extrapulmonary Cryptosporidiosis, chronic intestinal ( 1... ‎[books.google.de]
Abdominal Guarding
  • guarding) Kussmaul's Sign Paradoxical rise in JVP with inspiration JVP normally falls with inspiration Causes Constrictive Pericarditis Cardiac Tamponade IV.[fpnotebook.com]
Heart Failure
  • Right-sided heart failure Heart failure means your heart has grown too weak to effectively pump enough blood to meet the demands of your body. Right-sided heart failure usually develops after you have left-sided heart failure.[healthline.com]
  • Here’s a look at some jugular vein distention causes: Heart failure This means that your heart is too weak to pump enough blood to meet the needs of your body. Right-sided heart failure develops after left-sided heart failure.[belmarrahealth.com]
  • Right-sided heart failure is another cause of elevated jugular vein distention. Jugular vein distention can accompany serious vascular and heart conditions .[healthgrades.com]
  • JVD is therefore caused by right heart failure. (Of course, the most common cause of right heart failure is left heart failure, so that doesn’t mean it’s an isolated event.) If JVD isn’t the heart’s fault, then we look to fluid levels.[emsbasics.com]
  • Interpretation: Distance between JVP and Sternum Normal: 4 cm or less Increased 4 cm (Jugular Venous Distention) Right-sided Heart Failure (most common) Increased Right Atrial Pressure Constrictive Pericarditis Tricuspid stenosis Superior Vena Cava Obstruction[fpnotebook.com]
Amenorrhea
  • Problems 277 Peripheral Joint Arthritis 278 Myalgia 293 Painful Shoulder 298 Painful Hip 301 Painful Knee 304 Low Back Pain 309 Neck Pain and Selected Cervical Syndromes 318 Endocrine and Metabolic Problems 321 Hypoglycemia 324 Failure to Mature 329 Amenorrhea[books.google.de]

Workup

  • Henry Harold Friedman Lippincott Williams & Wilkins , 01.01.2001 - 441 Seiten Now in its updated Seventh Edition, this popular Spiral(R) Manual is a step-by-step guide to the diagnostic workup of 75 of the most common clinical problems in internal medicine[books.google.de]
  • The diagnosis of CHF is based on clinical presentation and requires an initial workup to assess disease severity and possible causes. The initial workup includes measurement of brain natriuretic peptide levels, chest x-ray , and ECG .[amboss.com]
Pericardial Effusion
  • Pericardial effusion or constrictive pericarditis 4. SVC obstruction – usually no waveform as transmission from the RA is blocked 5.[renalfellow.blogspot.com]
  • Cardiac tamponade is another cause, where fluid leaks from the heart into the pericardium, an inflexible sac that surrounds it (this leakage is called a pericardial effusion ), eventually filling the available space and compressing the myocardium.[emsbasics.com]
  • The differential diagnosis of Kussmaul's sign includes constrictive pericarditis , restrictive cardiomyopathy , pericardial effusion , and severe right-sided heart failure .[wikidoc.org]
  • The differential diagnosis of Kussmaul's sign includes constrictive pericarditis , restrictive cardiomyopathy , pericardial effusion , and severe right-sided heart failure.[en.wikipedia.org]
Treponema Pallidum
  • pallidum immobilization or fluorescent treponemal antibody absorption test An abnormal titer of antinuclear antibody by immunofluorescence or an equivalent assay at any point in time and in the absence of drugs known to be associated with "druginduced[books.google.de]

Treatment

  • Jugular vein distention treatment often begins with a combination of lifestyle changes and medications.[belmarrahealth.com]
  • The sooner you are diagnosed and treatment begins, the better your odds of a positive outcome.[healthline.com]
  • How to Get Rid of Lipomas Naturally Military Neck (Cervical Kyphosis): Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments Neck Strain: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, and Exercises Lump on Back of Neck: 5 Causes and Natural Treatments Sources: Salina, “What Causes Jugular[doctorshealthpress.com]
  • Treatment The underlying disease will determine the treatment.[healthguideinfo.com]
  • Treatment is directed at the cause.[merckmanuals.com]

Prognosis

  • The more you can adhere to your medication regimen, exercise, and eat a heart-healthy diet, the better your prognosis. You’ll need to manage your weight and quit smoking.[healthline.com]
  • References: [35] [36] [37] Prognosis[amboss.com]
  • […] included in the systematic review by the RCE: [8] sensitivity 48% specificity 88% If inspecting the patient sitting erect, visualizing the jugular pulse above the clavicle is: [4] sensitivity 77% specificity 68% An elevated JVD is associated with reduced prognosis[en.citizendium.org]
  • Complications and prognosis Mild hyponatraemia is associated with gait disturbance in the elderly and with falls.[patient.info]
  • The patient’s family was notified of the poor prognosis and the decision was made not to resuscitate her if her condition deteriorated further. The patient ultimately became bradycardic and went into asystole at 5: 30 am.[bjmp.org]

Etiology

  • Seite 372 - Either (1) or (2): (1) Evidence from the history, physical examination, or laboratory tests of a specific organic factor (or factors) judged to be etiologically related to the disturbance. (2) In the absence of such evidence, an etiologic[books.google.de]
  • Etiology ADHF typically occurs in patients who have a history of chronic HF or other cardiac conditions in which an acute cause precipitates the deterioration of cardiac function.[amboss.com]
  • Regardless of the etiology, the first manifestation of congestive heart failure is usually tachycardia. An obvious exception to this finding occurs in congestive heart failure due to a primary bradyarrhythmia or complete heart block .[emedicine.medscape.com]
  • Etiology Acute cor pulmonale has few causes. Chronic cor pulmonale is usually caused by COPD , but there are several less common causes (see Table: Causes of Cor Pulmonale ).[merckmanuals.com]
  • […] the site of sting has been secured with a high-voltage electrode coil allowed for nonthoracotomy implants approach those of a nasal foreign body distally so that it protrudes approximately 5 cm or more, whereas the cyanosis is a possible infectious etiology[smj.org.sa]

Epidemiology

  • References: [2] [3] Epidemiological data refers to the US, unless otherwise specified. Etiology The three major causes of heart failure are coronary artery disease , hypertension , and diabetes mellitus .[amboss.com]
  • Epidemiology Hyponatraemia is the most common electrolyte abnormality encountered in clinical practice. An accurate incidence of mild hyponatraemia managed in the community is impossible, as it is rarely reported.[patient.info]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • […] of Care 154 Documenting Incident Times 163 Prep Kit 177 The Human Body 180 Introduction 183 Cell Physiology 194 Contents 196 The Cell Life Cycle 200 SECTION 7 215 Physiology 225 Physiology 231 Anatomy 240 Physiology 253 Chapter 29 301 Chapter 20 302 Pathophysiology[books.google.de]
  • Pathophysiology Lung disorders cause pulmonary hypertension by several mechanisms: Loss of capillary beds (eg, due to bullous changes in COPD or thrombosis in pulmonary embolism) Vasoconstriction caused by hypoxia, hypercapnia, or both Increased alveolar[merckmanuals.com]
  • References: [4] [5] [2] [3] [6] Pathophysiology General physiological concepts Cardiac output is determined by: Preload Afterload Ventricular contractility Pathomechanism Underlying pathomechanism of reduced cardiac output Systolic ventricular dysfunction[amboss.com]
  • Read about particular murmurs and their pathophysiology when you encounter them.[meded.ucsd.edu]

Prevention

  • If someone is diagnosed with heart failure, they should work closely with their healthcare team to manage their condition and prevent complications.[belmarrahealth.com]
  • Mainly, these are obstructive cardiac conditions, where some sort of pressure is impeding the heart’s ability to expand, and immediate care to relieve the pressure is needed in order to prevent incurable deadness.[emsbasics.com]
  • A change in diet and lifestyle activities may also be required to prevent further complications, including another heart episode.[doctorshealthpress.com]
  • This prevents you from hearing breath sounds. Then compare sides. Palpating the Carotid Artery Feel on one side at a time and lightly palpate. This prevents too much pressure on the carotid sinus area.[registerednursern.com]
  • This is very unusual because they use ultrasound to visualise the veins to prevent this possibility. In the unlikely event that a needle passes into another organ, worrisome complications arising from this are extremely uncommon.[cirse.org]

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