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Labor Pain

Obstetric Pain


  • The risks of vaginal delivery with breech presentation are much higher than with a head-first presentation.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]
  • This will help you get through contractions one at a time, instead of them having a cumulative effect. [10] Use the candle flame as a focal point to bring your attention to the present if you are having trouble keeping your mind calm.[wikihow.health]
  • Psychology of labour pain Labour pain is an emotional experience and presents a psychological challenge for many parturients.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • This can cause a lung infection (pneumonia) that can be serious. General anesthesia usually requires the placement of a breathing tube into the lungs to help you breathe while you are unconscious. Difficulty placing this tube is another risk.[acog.org]


  • Treatment Most women choose some type of pain relief during childbirth, ranging from relaxation and imagery to drugs.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]
  • However, cardiotoxic doses of bupivacaine are unlikely to be reached if low-dose infusions or top-ups are used. 20% lipid emulsion is now widely available as treatment for cardiac arrest secondary to overdose of these long acting local anaesthetics 17[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]


  • General Anesthesia: The use of drugs that produce a sleep-like state to prevent pain during surgery. Local Anesthesia: The use of drugs that prevent pain in a part of the body.[acog.org]

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