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Lactobacillus


Presentation

  • A case of infective endocarditis due to Lactobacillus is presented. The diagnosis was established by positive blood cultures and transesophageal (but not transthoracic) echocardiography. The patient was cured with outpatient ceftriaxone therapy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • An analysis is presented with a focus on outcomes. Mortality from reported cases of Lactobacillus endocarditis was found to have substantially improved since 1992. Surgical rates for persistent disease remain the same.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • We present a case of native aortic valve endocarditis caused by L. jensenii, complicated by root abscess and complete heart block, and requiring emergent surgical intervention.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • We present a 49-year-old diabetic patient with Lactobacillus septic arthritis. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • We present here the first reported case of tunneled LTID bloodstream infection due to a multidrug resistant Lactobacillus rhamnosus.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Splenectomy
  • The infection was cured with splenectomy and a prolonged course of ampicillin and gentamicin.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Disability
  • Coronary heart disease (CHD) is one of the major causes of death and disability in industrialised countries, with elevated blood cholesterol an established risk factor.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Heart Block
  • We present a case of native aortic valve endocarditis caused by L. jensenii, complicated by root abscess and complete heart block, and requiring emergent surgical intervention.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Chronic Urticaria
  • Comparing the frequency and bacterial load of Lactobacillus, Bifidobacterium, and Bacteroides between patients with chronic urticaria and healthy controls. 20 patients with chronic urticaria and 20 age and sex matched healthy individuals were included[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Fussiness
  • 5% to 40% of infants cry excessively, usually accompanied by fussiness and excessive of gas. There are no uniform criteria for treatment of infantile colic. Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 17938 has been used with promising results.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Workup

  • The rest of his infectious workup was unremarkable. Subsequent blood cultures were negative. However, the patient remained febrile and had persistent bandemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Treatment

  • RCTs, published between 1960 and 2015 for the treatment of infantile colic were included. Primary outcome was duration of crying after 21 to 28 days of treatment. Different databases were searched.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Consistently, the inflammation scores in the MIMP treatment group were significantly lower than those in the DSS treatment group.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The initial empiric treatment with the standard regimen of penicillin-aminoglycoside failed; subsequent treatment with a combination of antibiotics, selected according to the in vitro studies, was successful.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • IE due to LB is rare; however, early diagnosis and early treatment are important because of its high mortality rate. We report the onset of IE after otologic treatment in a heavy drinker of alcohol, the second case of IE due to LB in Japan.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The antibiotic lock therapy (ALT) represents a conservative approach to the treatment of uncomplicated infections of tunneled LTID when catheter removal is not a feasible option.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Etiology

  • Our finding suggests that further studies are necessary to establish the significance of Lactobacillus as an etiologic agent of septic arthritis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Dental caries is a biofilm-dependent oral disease and Streptococcus mutans is the known primary etiologic agent of dental caries that initiates biofilm formation on tooth surfaces.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The findings suggest that further case series are necessary to establish the significance of Lactobacillus as an etiologic agent in chronic low-virulence, and potentially vancomycin-resistant, prosthetic joint infection.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • […] microaerophilic, occur singly or in pairs SECTION II - HEALTH HAZARD PATHOGENICITY: Very rarely pathogenic; part of normal flora in man and animals (mouth, vagina, and intestinal tract); in the oral cavity, associated with dental caries but no known etiologic[msdsonline.com]
  • […] emphasizes that the presence of true Lactobacillus bacteremia in a clinically deteriorating patient should prompt urgent evaluation of a pathology that facilitates this translocation such as colitis, pyelonephritis, endometritis, and their underlying etiologies[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Epidemiology

  • […] abscess caused by Lactobacillus fermentum from a 53-year-old woman with squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus after transthoracic esophagectomy and neoadjuvant chemoirradiation. 16S rRNA gene sequencing is a useful tool to better characterize the epidemiology[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • We compare the epidemiology of Lactobacillus infections in heart and lung transplant recipients at our institution before and after the introduction of this probiotic, and discuss the potential mechanism for Lactobacillus within the probiotic to cause[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • […] rarely pathogenic; part of normal flora in man and animals (mouth, vagina, and intestinal tract); in the oral cavity, associated with dental caries but no known etiologic role; have been reported to cause endocarditis, neonatal meningitis and bacteremia EPIDEMIOLOGY[msdsonline.com]
  • […] of lactobacillus as a pathogen. 27,28 With the recent changes in dietary habits, vitamin usage, and consumption of over-the-counter supplements, a prudent physician, as a matter of routine, would probe their patients' history and background for these epidemiological[journals.lww.com]
  • Diagnostic criteria and microbial and epidemiologic associations. Am. J. Med. 74 :14-22. [ PubMed ] 2. Antonio, M. A. D., S. E. Hawes, and S. L. Hillier. 1999.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Prevention

  • The present study demonstrated strain-specific properties of probiotics to prevent Salmonella infection and elucidated their underlying mechanisms.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • This paper hypothesizes that Lactobacillus spp. containing products are able to prevent recurrent urinary tract infections in females.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Probiotics have been proposed as an option for the prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • In this study, we have analyzed breast milk samples collected at 10 d and 3 mo postpartum from women participating in the Probiotics in the Prevention of Allergy among Children in Trondheim placebo controlled trial.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Probiotic agents are increasingly used for the treatment and prevention of a variety of infectious and inflammatory conditions. They are generally safe, but complications of probiotic use can occur.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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