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Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy


Presentation

  • The patient presented with a mass at the site of epigastric port 28 months after surgery.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Sore Throat
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate cuff pressure and incidence of post-operative sore throat in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Complications such as sore throat related to tracheal intubation and muscle pain due to succinylcholine are avoided.[clinicalpainadvisor.com]
Pleural Effusion
  • The patient underwent thoracentesis which resulted in the removal of 250 cc bilious pleural effusion. The bilirubin level of the pleural fluid was 9.1 mg/dL.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Abdominal Mass
  • We report the case of a 55-year-old woman who presented with a painless, slow growing, left upper abdominal mass that developed after a laparoscopic cholecystectomy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Chronic Abdominal Pain
  • This patient presented with a 2-year history of chronic abdominal pain, loose stools and excessive weight loss.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Recurrent Abdominal Pain
  • The patient presented with recurrent abdominal pain and intermittent jaundice for 6 mo. Diagnosis was suspected when a computed tomography scan of the abdomen showed a metallic density artifact in the lower end of the bile duct.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Chronic Abscess
  • We here describe the radiologic findings of peritoneal chronic abscess formation due to gallstones lost within the peritoneum during laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Workup

  • The patient's deficits slowly resolved, and she was ultimately diagnosed with familial hemiplegic migraine after a negative workup for cerebrovascular accidents.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Medically unstable conditions warranting further evaluation include: Well-documented coronary heart disease associated with angina after strenuous exercise usually does not need any additional preoperative workup.[clinicalpainadvisor.com]
Gram-Positive Bacteria
  • Staphylococcus aureus was isolated in five patients (71.4%) and miscellaneous aerobic gram-positive bacteria in two subjects (28.6%).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Actinomyces Israelii
  • The histological analysis of the specimen was inconsistent with a desmoid tumour and revealed an infection of Actinomyces israelii in the anterior abdominal wall that was confirmed with a microbiology culture.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Staphylococcus Aureus
  • Staphylococcus aureus was isolated in five patients (71.4%) and miscellaneous aerobic gram-positive bacteria in two subjects (28.6%).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Ischemic Changes
  • Contrast-enhanced CT revealed ischemic changes, a swollen gallbladder with a V-shaped distortion of the extrahepatic ducts, and the gallbladder in an abnormal anatomical position; clinical findings indicated GT.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Pleural Effusion
  • The patient underwent thoracentesis which resulted in the removal of 250 cc bilious pleural effusion. The bilirubin level of the pleural fluid was 9.1 mg/dL.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Treatment

  • After nearly 8 months of treatment, the patient recovered and then was discharged.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Prognosis

  • In the absence of cirrhosis and neoplasia, portal cavernoma is usually asymptomatic until the first variceal bleeding and has a better prognosis [ 5 ]. Intestinal ischemia or portal biliopathy may rarely develop.[omicsonline.org]
  • […] of surgery after adequate control of pain and nausea. [31] Patients who were high-risk, those who required emergency surgery, and/or those undergoing open cholecystectomy usually need to stay in the hospital several days after surgery. [15] Long-term prognosis[en.wikipedia.org]

Etiology

  • He developed a postoperative left brachial vein thrombus of unclear etiology, possibly related to dantrolene administration or his underlying susceptibility to MH.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • However, our understanding of the etiology of this disease, as well as the availability of effective medical therapies, have remained subst- tially unchanged over time.[books.google.ro]
  • Seizure disorders Seizures are associated with anatomic and metabolic conditions and it is important to determine the type of disorder and its etiology preoperatively. Antiepileptic drugs must not be interrupted during the perioperative period.[clinicalpainadvisor.com]
  • "TG13 current terminology, etiology, and epidemiology of acute cholangitis and cholecystitis". Journal of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Sciences. 20 (1): 8–23. doi : 10.1007/s00534-012-0564-0.[en.wikipedia.org]

Epidemiology

  • Rome Group for the Epidemiology and Prevention of Cholelithiasis (GREPCO). Am J Epidemiol. 1984; 119:796-805. Patino JF, Quintero GA. – Asyptomatic Cholelitiasis Revited. World J Surg. 1998; 22:1119-24.[revistas.unifoa.edu.br]
  • "TG13 current terminology, etiology, and epidemiology of acute cholangitis and cholecystitis". Journal of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Sciences. 20 (1): 8–23. doi : 10.1007/s00534-012-0564-0.[en.wikipedia.org]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • The time scale for this pathophysiological process can vary.[academic.oup.com]
  • Pulmonary pathophysiology. The essentials, pp. 1 [24.] M.D. Altose, R.O. Crapo, A. Wanner The determination of static lung volumes Chest, 86 (1984), pp. 471-489 [25.] P.H. Quanjer, G.J. Tammeling, J.E. Cotes, O.F. Pedersen, R. Peslin, J.C.[archbronconeumol.org]
  • The increased incidence of postoperative pulmonary complications in patients with COPD is caused by the combination of the pulmonary pathophysiology and comorbidities, often cardiac disease.[clinicalpainadvisor.com]
  • "Definitions, pathophysiology, and epidemiology of acute cholangitis and cholecystitis: Tokyo Guidelines". Journal of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery. 14 (1): 15–26. doi : 10.1007/s00534-006-1152-y. PMC 2784509.[en.wikipedia.org]
  • Ann Surg 2003; 238:661–2Callery, MP Holte K, Kehlet H: Perioperative single dose glucocorticoid administration: Pathophysiological effects and clinical implications.[anesthesiology.pubs.asahq.org]

Prevention

  • No valuable data for BDI prevention or detection could be retrieved, even if no BDI was documented in the reports analyzed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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