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Laryngitis


Presentation

  • If a doctor suspects bacterial pharyngitis, a culture of the throat secretions can help identify the bacteria present, most often streptococcus.[biron.com]
  • […] irritation of the vocal cords. [2] Concerning signs that may require further investigation include stridor, history of radiation therapy to the neck, trouble swallowing, duration of more than three weeks, and a history of smoking. [1] If concerning signs are present[en.wikipedia.org]
  • Introduction Laryngitis refers to inflammation of the larynx and can present in both acute and chronic form. [1] Acute Laryngitis is a mild and self-limiting condition that typically lasts for a period of 3 to 7 days.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Physician
  • Am Fam Physician. 11 (11): 720–728. PMID 29431404. a b Dominguez, L. M.; Simpson, C. B. (December 2015). "Viral laryngitis". Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery. 23 (6): 454–458. doi : 10.1097/moo.0000000000000203.[en.wikipedia.org]
Nightmare
  • This stops the vocal chords from vibrating correctly Her mother Jenny Mitchell, 47, said: 'It’s been a nightmare for her. 'Her vocal cords are okay but the muscle at the back is damaged which is restricting her voice box from functioning properly.[dailymail.co.uk]
Pertussis
  • […] another major cause of acute laryngitis, and may develop in conjunction with or due to a viral infection. [1] Common bacterial strains are; group A streptococcus, Streptococcus pneumoniae, C. diphtheriae, M. catarrhalis, Haemophilus influenzae, Bordetella pertussis[en.wikipedia.org]
Inspiratory Stridor
  • stridor. [15] Treatment [ edit ] Treatment is often supportive in nature, and depends on the severity and type of laryngitis (acute or chronic). [1] General measures to relieve symptoms of laryngitis include behaviour modification, hydration and humidification[en.wikipedia.org]
Myalgia
  • […] front of the neck) Globus pharyngeus (feeling like there is a lump in the throat) Cold or flu-like symptoms (which, like a cough, may also be a causal factor for laryngitis) Swollen lymph nodes in the throat, chest, or face Fever General muscle pain ( myalgia[en.wikipedia.org]

Workup

Streptococcus Pneumoniae
  • Most commonly encountered bacterial organisms are Streptococcus pneumoniae, H.influenzae, and Moraxella catarrhalis. Exanthematous fevers like measles, chickenpox and whooping cough are also associated with acute laryngitis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Bacterial [ edit ] This is another major cause of acute laryngitis, and may develop in conjunction with or due to a viral infection. [1] Common bacterial strains are; group A streptococcus, Streptococcus pneumoniae, C. diphtheriae, M. catarrhalis, Haemophilus[en.wikipedia.org]

Treatment

  • "Laryngitis: Types, Causes, and Treatments". Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America. 41 (2): 419–436. doi : 10.1016/j.otc.2007.11.011. PMID 18328379. Ferri, Fred F. (2016). Ferri's Clinical Advisor 2017: 5 Books in 1.[en.wikipedia.org]
  • Treatment / Management Treatment is often supportive in nature and depends on the severity of laryngitis. Voice rest: This is the single most important factor. Use of voice during laryngitis results in incomplete or delayed recovery.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Common treatments include vocal rest, increasing fluid intake, humidity, and voice therapy.[dailymail.co.uk]
  • How laryngitis is treated Most cases of laryngitis get better without treatment within a week.[everestpharmacy.co.uk]

Prognosis

  • Prognosis As this is a self-limiting condition, it carries a good prognosis. If patient sticks to above-mentioned therapy, the prognosis for recovery to a premorbid level of phonation is excellent.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Less frequently used treatments include intralesional injections or laser resection. [1] Prognosis [ edit ] Acute [ edit ] Acute laryngitis may persist, but will typically resolve on its own within two weeks. [1] Recovery is likely to be quick if the[en.wikipedia.org]

Etiology

  • Etiology The etiology for acute laryngitis can be classified as infectious and non-infectious. The infectious form is more common and usually follows the upper respiratory tract infection.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Epidemiology

  • Epidemiology Acute laryngitis usually affects individuals aged 18 to 40 years of age. However, it may be seen in children as young as 3 years of age or above.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • Pathophysiology An acute form of laryngitis resolves within 2 weeks. Infectious form is characterized by congestion of larynx in early stages. As the healing stage begins, white blood cells invade at the site of infection to remove the pathogens.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Prevention

  • Can laryngitis be prevented? As laryngitis is often caused by a common viral infection, such as a cold or flu, it’s not always possible to prevent it.[everestpharmacy.co.uk]

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