Edit concept Question Editor Create issue ticket

Left Cardiac Ventricle Disorder

Disorder of Left Cardiac Ventricle


Presentation

  • The topics discussed are relevant to chest physicians, thoracic surgeons, nurses, students, and teachers, and a well-balanced mix of contributions ensures that doctors, clinicians, and institutions from all around the world will find the information presented[books.google.com]
  • Tricuspid atresia: complete absence of the tricuspid valve; an ASD must be present to maintain blood flow.[patient.info]
  • When a double aortic arch is present, two tubes develop which circle and compress the windpipe and/or food pipe. Learn more about Double Aortic Arch.[nicklauschildrens.org]
  • Abstract Although dyspnea on mild exertion is sometimes present, signs of frank heart failure—pulmonary edema, venous distention, hepatomegaly, peripheral edema—are rarely seen in untreated patients with Addison's disease (1, 2); indeed, only one report[annals.org]
  • However, during the initial presentation profound hypotension and shock may be present.[escardio.org]
Pain
  • We ask about general symptoms (anxious mood, depressed mood, fatigue, pain, and stress) regardless of condition. Last updated: May 13, 2019[patientslikeme.com]
  • The most common symptoms of LVH are: Feeling short of breath Chest pain, especially after activity Feeling dizzy or fainting Rapid heartbeat, or a pounding or fluttering sensation in your chest Cleveland Clinic News & More Cleveland Clinic News & More[my.clevelandclinic.org]
  • The main symptoms are chest pain and shortness of breath.[health.harvard.edu]
  • Symptoms and severity of structural heart disease will vary depending from patient to patient, but the most common symptoms are: Chest pain or tightening Fatigue Heart palpitations/irregular heart beats High blood pressure Kidney dysfunction Leg cramping[uchospitals.edu]
Congestive Heart Failure
  • .- ) Heart failure Approximate Synonyms Acute left sided congestive heart failure (chf) Acute left-sided congestive heart failure Chronic left sided congestive heart failure (chf) Chronic left-sided congestive heart failure Congestive heart failure (chf[icd10data.com]
  • Clinical portrait of congestive heart failure.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]
  • Congestive heart failure due to high blood pressure, aortic or mitral valve disease, or cardiomyopathy is a common cause of pulmonary edema. A heart attack may cause pulmonary edema.[healthcommunities.com]
  • CONGESTIVE HEART FAILURE Congestive heart failure takes place when the veins near the heart become “congested,” or full of blood.[sjm.com]
  • If severe symptoms of high blood pressure and congestive heart failure develop, and surgery may be considered. Aortic stenosis (AS).[stanfordhealthcare.org]
Physician
  • The topics discussed are relevant to chest physicians, thoracic surgeons, nurses, students, and teachers, and a well-balanced mix of contributions ensures that doctors, clinicians, and institutions from all around the world will find the information presented[books.google.com]
  • *Medscape Business of Medicine Academy Survey, September 2015 Learn from Experienced Professionals Courses were developed especially for physicians by business health experts and experienced physicians.[medscape.org]
  • If you experience one or more of the above symptoms, contact your physician for further evaluation.[uchospitals.edu]
  • Talk to your physician about medications that control blood sugar spikes. Be active: Moderate exercise helps circulation and decreases stress on your heart muscle.[baptisthealth.com]
  • "Cardiomyopathy" Outlines in Clinical Medicine on Physicians on Line, accessed January 29, 2003.[healthcentral.com]
Inflammation
  • Bacterial infection, viral infection and inflammation of valves (infective endocarditis) can produce changes in valve structure and function.[cvphysiology.com]
  • Types of damage include prior heart attack, long-term alcohol abuse, and heart muscle inflammation.[healthcentral.com]
  • Myocarditis: This condition occurs when a virus causes inflammation of the heart. Pericardial constriction: I nflammation causes the pericardium (a sac covering the heart) to scar, thicken and tighten the heart muscle.[baptisthealth.com]
  • Of those acquired cases, the disease can be caused by acute myocarditis an inflammation of the heart muscle from a viral infection.[childrenscardiomyopathy.org]
  • Kawasaki Disease When inflammation occurs in the coronary arteries and other medium-sized arteries throughout the body, the condition is known as Kawasaki disease. Learn more about Kawasaki Disease.[nicklauschildrens.org]
Anemia
  • Heart transplant Treating related problems - correct or control related health problems (such as high blood pressure or coronary artery disease ) and any other heart failure triggers (such as fever, anemia or infection) Lifestyle changes - losing weight[cedars-sinai.edu]
  • There is no need for treatment, except in cases when it is caused by an underlying problem, such as anemia (a low blood count) or hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid gland), or rarely, happens frequently and without a clear cause (inappropriate sinus[hrsonline.org]
  • Jarvis, 1996. forward heart failure a concept of heart failure emphasizing the inadequacy of cardiac output as the primary cause. high-output heart failure that in which cardiac output remains high, associated with conditions such as hyperthyroidism, anemia[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]
  • PA chest film Lateral chest film Congestive cardiac failure secondary to sickle cell anemia.[bcm.edu]
  • Other known causes are frequent use of certain drugs, excessive alcohol use, sensitivity to chemicals and toxins, infection due to HIV, build up of proteins in the heart muscle (amyloidosis), severe anemia or nutritional deficiencies and rare complications[childrenscardiomyopathy.org]
Dyspnea
  • Abstract Although dyspnea on mild exertion is sometimes present, signs of frank heart failure—pulmonary edema, venous distention, hepatomegaly, peripheral edema—are rarely seen in untreated patients with Addison's disease (1, 2); indeed, only one report[annals.org]
  • Orthopnea and paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea are related to congestion of the pulmonary blood vessels and edema of the lung tissues.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]
  • Valvular stenosis and insufficiency can have serious cardiac consequences, and produce the following clinical symptoms: Shortness of breath ( dyspnea ) Fatigue Reduced exercise capacity Light headedness or fainting (syncope) Heart failure Pulmonary hypertension[cvphysiology.com]
  • Typical signs of heart failure include: Breathlessness or Shortness of Breath (Dyspnea) — When the heart begins to fail, blood backs up in the veins attempting to carry oxygenated blood from the lungs to the heart.[ucsfhealth.org]
  • […] left ventricle Congestive heart failure due to left ventricular systolic dysfunction Left heart failure Clinical Information Failure of adequate output by the left ventricle despite an increase in distending pressure and in end-diastolic volume, with dyspnea[icd10data.com]
Heart Disease
  • Risk factors The relative risk of recurrence of congenital heart disease increases if a first-degree relative has a congenital heart disease.[patient.info]
  • To participate in this study, you must be an adult with congenital heart disease with or without a family member with congenital heart disease. This study is located in Columbus, Ohio.[nhlbi.nih.gov]
  • 2012 ICD-9-CM Diagnosis Code 429.9 Heart disease, unspecified Short description: Heart disease NOS.[icd9data.com]
  • Most people with left bundle branch block have some form of underlying heart disease.[verywell.com]
Heart Disease
  • Risk factors The relative risk of recurrence of congenital heart disease increases if a first-degree relative has a congenital heart disease.[patient.info]
  • To participate in this study, you must be an adult with congenital heart disease with or without a family member with congenital heart disease. This study is located in Columbus, Ohio.[nhlbi.nih.gov]
  • 2012 ICD-9-CM Diagnosis Code 429.9 Heart disease, unspecified Short description: Heart disease NOS.[icd9data.com]
  • Most people with left bundle branch block have some form of underlying heart disease.[verywell.com]
Heart Failure
  • RIGHT- AND LEFT-SIDED HEART FAILURE Treatment for heart failure depends on the type of heart failure you have. In some types, the heart does not fill with enough blood.[sjm.com]
  • Often left heart failure when long-standing leads to right heart failure, causing biventricular failure (failure on both sides). What causes heart failure? Heart failure can be caused by many different diseases.[netdoctor.co.uk]
  • Synonyms Acute left sided congestive heart failure (chf) Acute left-sided congestive heart failure Chronic left sided congestive heart failure (chf) Chronic left-sided congestive heart failure Congestive heart failure (chf) left ventricle Congestive[icd10data.com]
  • heart failure inability of the heart to maintain cardiac output sufficient to meet the body's needs; it most often results from myocardial failure affecting the right or left ventricle. backward heart failure a concept of heart failure emphasizing the[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]
  • However, they may experience symptoms of heart failure, as the two are closely linked.[cedars-sinai.edu]
Hypertension
  • Tools for the classification, diagnosis, and management of pulmonary embolism and pulmonary hypertension have been developed and optimized, providing clinicians with detailed and updated guidelines.[books.google.com]
  • Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is the most common cause of RHF (Table 1). The commonest cause of pulmonary hypertension is left-sided heart failure.[escardio.org]
  • Conclusions The most common etiology for elevated pulmonary artery pressure is pulmonary venous hypertension.[phaonlineuniv.org]
  • FIGURE 1 Definition of pulmonary hypertension (PH) associated with left heart disease. mPAP: mean pulmonary arterial pressure; PAWP: pulmonary artery wedge pressure; PAH: pulmonary arterial hypertension; CTEPH: chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension[err.ersjournals.com]
  • More than one-third of people show evidence of left ventricular hypertrophy at the time of their diagnosis with hypertension. Aortic valve stenosis.[mayoclinic.org]
Tachycardia
  • That is the simple and quick way of saying “ventricular tachycardia .” The word “ventricular” refers to your heart ’s lower chambers. Tachycardia is the medical term for a fast heart rate.[webmd.com]
  • Sinus Tachycardia A harmless faster rhythm, sinus tachycardia is a normal increase in heart rate that happens with fever, excitement, and exercise.[hrsonline.org]
  • Tachycardia Tachycardia is the medical term for a rapid heartbeat. Learn more about Tachycardia.[nicklauschildrens.org]
  • With prolonged arrhythmias, the heartbeat may become either too fast (tachycardia) or too slow (bradycardia) and can occur in either the heart ventricles or atrial.[childrenscardiomyopathy.org]
  • These mechanisms are responsible for the symptoms of diaphoresis, cool skin, tachycardia, cardiac arrhythmias, and oliguria.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]
Kidney Failure
  • If the kidneys receive less blood, kidney failure can occur, requiring dialysis treatment. Liver damage: Fluid backing up from the heart puts pressure on the liver that can cause scarring, which makes it harder for the liver to function properly.[baptisthealth.com]
Seizure
  • Some medicines used to treat conditions, like acne, seizures or bipolar disorder (a kind of mental illness), may increase risk your baby’s risk of congenital heart defects.[marchofdimes.org]
  • Long QT Syndrome (LQTS) Long QT syndrome is an electrical problem of the heart that can lead to potentially dangerous arrhythmias which can present with a fainting spell, seizure or even sudden death. Learn more about Long QT Syndrome (LQTS).[nicklauschildrens.org]
Hyperactivity

Treatment

  • Treatment for other types of cardiomyopathy - if someone has LVNC alongside another type of cardiomyopathy, they may need additional treatment. If someone does not have any symptoms, they will not usually require any treatment.[cardiomyopathy.org]
  • Heart transplantation is another option for treatment of children with hypoplastic left heart syndrome, and remains an option even after staged surgical treatment.[mottchildren.org]
  • Fortunately, there are many preventative and treatment options.[hrsonline.org]
  • Treatment and Recovery Treatment for left-sided heart failure focuses on managing symptoms and treating underlying causes of the condition.[baptisthealth.com]

Prognosis

  • As patients with left heart disease and PH have a worse prognosis than those without, it has been assumed that improving the PA pressure should translate into an improved prognosis and survival.[phaonlineuniv.org]
  • Prognosis is poor and survival rates are low.[err.ersjournals.com]
  • Prognosis The prognosis for left-sided heart failure varies, depending on the cause of the condition and severity of the symptoms. Some will improve with treatment and lifestyle changes. For others, left-sided heart failure can be life-threatening.[baptisthealth.com]
  • Prognosis The prognosis for children with congenital heart disease has improved dramatically over the last few decades.[patient.info]
  • Their rise reflects the severity of the condition and portends poor prognosis.[escardio.org]

Etiology

  • Congestive cardiac failure (non-cardiac etiology). Congestive cardiac failure secondary to glomerulonephritis. PA chest film Lateral chest film Congestive cardiac failure secondary to sickle cell anemia.[bcm.edu]
  • It is this impaired RV function that portends a poor prognosis in patients with PH of any etiology.[phaonlineuniv.org]

Epidemiology

  • Access is intended to spur hypothesis generation and testing , cross-cohort analysis of risk factors and outcomes, development of new signal processing tools, and to enhance training in clinical analysis, signal processing , epidemiological analysis ,[incosact.org]
  • However, there is still a lack of understanding about its pathophysiology, epidemiology and treatment [ 1 – 14 ]; as such, there are numerous unmet needs for this condition ( table 2 ).[err.ersjournals.com]
  • Epidemiology The reported total birth prevalence of congenital heart disease in Europe is 8.2 per thousand live births which is higher than reported birth prevalence in the USA (6.9 per thousand live births).[patient.info]
  • Epidemiologic studies have shown a very high prevalence of up to 50% of all patients diagnosed with heart failure, especially in the elderly population. 56 However, only one randomized trial has been done in patients with diastolic dysfunction, the pre-specified[phaonlineuniv.org]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • Physiologic and pathophysiologic features. Mayo Clin Proc 1989a;64:71–81. Google Scholar Nishimura RA, Abel MD, Hatle LK, et al. Assessment of diastolic function of the heart: Background and current applications of Doppler echocardiography. Part II.[link.springer.com]
  • Classification Classification into five groups based on pathophysiology has been suggested as it would be helpful in planning management [ 1 ].[patient.info]
  • However, there is still a lack of understanding about its pathophysiology, epidemiology and treatment [ 1 – 14 ]; as such, there are numerous unmet needs for this condition ( table 2 ).[err.ersjournals.com]
  • Finally another possible explanation is that a subgroup of patients respond “too well” to the prostacyclin analogues, with marked decrease in the PCWP, which may lead to negative pathophysiologic effects, not measured by the usual hemodynamic parameters32[phaonlineuniv.org]
  • A critical analysis of the association and pathophysiology. Pulm Circ. 2015 Jun;5(2):220-7. Dazner MH, Rame E, Stevenson LW, Dries DL. Prognostic importance of elevated jugular venous pressure and a third heart sound in patients with heart failure.[escardio.org]

Prevention

  • Giving up smoking improves your overall health and prevents heart attacks.[mayoclinic.org]
  • The best way to prevent left ventricular hypertrophy caused by high blood pressure is to maintain healthy blood pressure.[drugs.com]
  • Prevention While you cannot prevent all risks factors associated with left-sided heart failure, you can take steps to lower, or in some cases even reverse, your risks of diseases or conditions that can cause or complicate left-sided heart failure.[baptisthealth.com]
  • Infants who receive a heart transplant will need to take medicines for the rest of their lives to prevent their body from rejecting the new heart. References Parker SE, Mai CT, Canfield MA, et al; for the National Birth Defects Prevention Network.[cdc.gov]
  • Endocarditis Prevention Antibiotics to prevent endocarditis are needed before certain dental procedures. See the section on Endocarditis for more information.[heart.org]

Ask Question

5000 Characters left Format the text using: # Heading, **bold**, _italic_. HTML code is not allowed.
By publishing this question you agree to the TOS and Privacy policy.
• Use a precise title for your question.
• Ask a specific question and provide age, sex, symptoms, type and duration of treatment.
• Respect your own and other people's privacy, never post full names or contact information.
• Inappropriate questions will be deleted.
• In urgent cases contact a physician, visit a hospital or call an emergency service!