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Levocardia

Isolated Levocardia


Presentation

  • We present the case of a fourteen-year-old boy with congenital cyanotic heart disease, isolated levocardia and splenic abscess. It is the first report of both these conditions occurring in the same person.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • In a study of 19 patients presenting with partial or complete SI from 1973 to 2001, only one has presented with levocardia, the remainder with dextrocardia (Fulcher & Turner 2002).[fasebj.org]
  • In the presented case no associated cardiac malformations were present and the 55-year-old woman remained symptom-free for a long time until she developed an acquired valve disease.[unboundmedicine.com]
  • […] if the condition was present at the time of inpatient admission.[icd.codes]
Cyanotic Congenital Heart Disease
  • Abstract: (4709 Views) Introduction: Levocardia with situs inversus, a rare congenital disorder, is usually associated with severe cyanotic congenital heart disease. Thus these patients have adverse prognosis.[hmj.hums.ac.ir]
  • Cyanotic congenital heart diseases (transposition of atria, ventricular septal defect, atrial septal defects and diminutive right ventricle) in an infant were reported by Padmavati et al. [8] However, literature search also showed case-reports in which[scirp.org]
Multiple Congenital Anomalies
  • It is often associated with multiple congenital anomalies. We present the case of a 38-year-old woman with dyspnea and a clinical history of chronic kidney disease and kidney transplantation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Marfanoid Habitus
  • This condition is often associated with severe heart defects and splenic abnormalities such as asplenia or polysplenia. long QT syndrome Lowry Maclean syndrome Marfan syndrome Marfanoid Habitus with Situs Inversus McDonough Syndrome McKusick-Kaufman syndrome[rgd.mcw.edu]
Diastolic Murmur
  • Examination revealed an acyanotic patient with situs inversus and pansystolic and mid diastolic murmur best heard at right lower parasternal area. Electrocardiogram, chest X-ray, and echo doppler study were done.[heartviews.org]
Mid-Diastolic Murmur
  • Examination revealed an acyanotic patient with situs inversus and pansystolic and mid diastolic murmur best heard at right lower parasternal area. Electrocardiogram, chest X-ray, and echo doppler study were done.[heartviews.org]

Workup

  • Following imaging workup, palliative surgery of an atrial septectomy and replacement of the RPA were performed a few months after presentation. After surgery, the patient improved clinically.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The suggested workup in the prenatal evaluation of isolated levocardia should include determination of the situs, identification of heart anomalies, and detection of the major vessels and abdominal viscera.[onlinelibrary.wiley.com]

Treatment

  • […] of patients with androgenetic alopecia". ( 30880717 ) Malayanur D...Mysore V 2019 10 Platelet-Rich Plasma as a Treatment for Androgenetic Alopecia. ( 30882509 ) Gupta AK...Puig CJ 2019 11 The effect of platelet-rich plasma injection in the treatment[malacards.org]
  • In both cases, fetal cardiac function remained within the normal range throughout pregnancy, and no treatment for the heart was required after birth.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Barium contrast screening has been used for early detection of intestinal malrotation and to guide treatment.[rarediseases.info.nih.gov]
  • Levocardia Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatments and Causes ... Levocardia information including symptoms, diagnosis, misdiagnosis, treatment, causes, patient stories, videos, forums, prevention, and prognosis.[dxline.org]
  • Many children with congenital heart defects don't need treatment, but others do. Treatment can include medicines, catheter procedures, surgery, and heart transplants.[icdlist.com]

Prognosis

  • This is also known as isolated levocardia and is almost always associated with severe forms of congenital heart defects with poor prognosis. We report isolated levocardia in a 13-year-old symptomatic male patient.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Thus these patients have adverse prognosis. Case Report: A 2-day-old neonate with mild central cyanosis was admitted to Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). Prenatal sonographies were normal.[hmj.hums.ac.ir]

Etiology

  • The etiology of the tricuspid valve stenosis and regurgitation was considered rheumatic because of a history of polyarthritis, early presentation, characteristic echocardiographic valve morphology and combined involvement of the tricuspid valve and the[heartviews.org]
  • Year introduced: 1991(1975) PubMed search builder options Subheadings: anatomy and histology chemically induced classification complications diagnosis diagnostic imaging embryology epidemiology etiology genetics metabolism mortality pathology physiology[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Qualifiers English : BL blood CF cerebrospinal fluid CI chemically induced CL classification CO complications DI diagnosis DG diagnostic imaging DH diet therapy DT drug therapy EC economics EM embryology EN enzymology EP epidemiology EH ethnology ET etiology[decs.bvs.br]
  • Discussion Etiology of situsinversus anomalies was attributed to the biological expression of a certain protein that affects the heart looping during embryogenesis. Mostly, it has an autosomal recessive inheritance pattern [2].[ijcrr.com]

Epidemiology

  • Year introduced: 1991(1975) PubMed search builder options Subheadings: anatomy and histology chemically induced classification complications diagnosis diagnostic imaging embryology epidemiology etiology genetics metabolism mortality pathology physiology[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • CONGENITAL 1975-90 Allowable Qualifiers English : BL blood CF cerebrospinal fluid CI chemically induced CL classification CO complications DI diagnosis DG diagnostic imaging DH diet therapy DT drug therapy EC economics EM embryology EN enzymology EP epidemiology[decs.bvs.br]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Prevention

  • […] diet therapy DT drug therapy EC economics EM embryology EN enzymology EP epidemiology EH ethnology ET etiology GE genetics HI history IM immunology ME metabolism MI microbiology MO mortality NU nursing PS parasitology PA pathology PP physiopathology PC prevention[decs.bvs.br]
  • Levocardia information including symptoms, diagnosis, misdiagnosis, treatment, causes, patient stories, videos, forums, prevention, and prognosis.[dxline.org]
  • Discussion In the USA, the incidence of TOF is 3.9 per 10,000 live births and it accounts for 7–10% of all congenital heart diseases [ 8 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).[tandfonline.com]
  • Attention to the left and right sides of the patient and the left and right labeling of images is helpful to prevent mistakes in diagnosis and/or surgical intervention.[emedicine.medscape.com]

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