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Ligation of the Internal Jugular Vein

Ligation Internal Jugular Vein


Presentation

  • Cerebral vein and dural sinus thrombosis is a rare condition with a wide range of causes and a highly variable presentation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • External Jugular Vein Aneurysm Presenting as a Cervical Mass.[connection.ebscohost.com]
  • Two cases are presented.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • In presenting this volume we wish to acknowledge our gratitude to our surgical teachers, our present and past associates in surgical oncology, our colleagues in the other oncologic disciplines, and our patients whose treatment is illustrated herein.[books.google.com]
  • Superbly presented with line drawings, high quality radiographic images and colour photographs. Presented in similar form to its sister textbook Davidson’s Principles and Practice of Medicine.[books.google.com]
Increased Jugular Venous Pressure
  • The venous congestion, however, may be resolved within a few minutes since IJV ligation in swine did not lead to increased jugular venous pressure in five minutes [ 7 ].[jaclinicalreports.springeropen.com]
Pulsatile Tinnitus
  • Pulsatile Tinnitus Cured by Mastoidectomy . Annals of Otology, Rhinology & Laryngology, Vol. 113, Issue. 9, p. 730. CrossRef Google Scholar Seoane, Eduardo and Rhoton, Albert L 1999.[journals.cambridge.org]
  • Unilateral Hypoplasia of Venous System of Brain; A Contraindication to the Ligation of Internal Jugular Vein in the Treatment of Venous Pulsatile Tinnitus.[connection.ebscohost.com]
  • Abstract Vascular anomalies, extracranial and intracranial arteriovenous malformations as well as glomus jugulare tumour are well known causes of pulsatile tinnitus.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • tinnitus, and we discuss the proper management of pulsatile tinnitus of venous origin.[mydigimag.rrd.com]
  • Pulsatile tinnitus represents a small portion of those presenting with tinnitus, and is thought to approximate 4%. Pulsatile tinnitus has a number of etiologies.[emedmd.com]

Treatment

  • It can lead to significant morbidity, but scant literature is available describing diagnosis and treatment when this occurs after ligation of the internal jugular vein.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The purposes of this study were to review the clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes of patients with lateral sinus thrombosis (LST) and to discuss the need of internal jugular vein (IJV) ligation or anticoagulants.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • , guidelines, discoveries in your fields of interest; be notified You are informed about innovative treatments, techniques and innovations in medicine This video is limited to doctors and other health professionals.[medtube.net]
  • R. ( 1975 ) Operative treatment of surgical lesions with objective tinnitus . Annals of Otology Rhinology and Laryngology 84 : 473 – 482 .[journals.cambridge.org]
  • Unilateral Hypoplasia of Venous System of Brain; A Contraindication to the Ligation of Internal Jugular Vein in the Treatment of Venous Pulsatile Tinnitus.[connection.ebscohost.com]

Prognosis

  • High-dose parenteral antibiotics Anticoagulation Ligation or resection of the internal jugular vein on occasion Complications Pulmonary septic emboli Empyema Lung abscess Septic arthritis, osteomyelitis or hepatic abscesses through a patent foramen ovale Prognosis[learningradiology.com]
  • Prognosis The outcome is generally good, but with morbidity and mortality similar to those for subclavian and axillary vein thrombosis. PE can occur but is uncommon when full-strength systemic anticoagulation is in place.[emedicine.medscape.com]
  • A wait-and-see decision seems to be all the more justified in Menkes disease because of vessel wall fragility and poor short-term prognosis.[omicsonline.org]
  • Surgery ensues a better prognosis. A cortical mastoidectomy is sufficient treatment for non cholesteatoma ear disease(31). It allows drainage of the initiating infection and confirms the diagnosis of LST.[arquivosdeorl.org.br]
  • […] possible to set up clinical trials to study the disease. [8] The disease can often be untreatable, especially if other negative factors occur, i.e. various diseases occurring at the same time, such as meningitis , pneumonia . [ medical citation needed ] Prognosis[en.wikipedia.org]

Etiology

  • There is a controversy about etiology. This paper reports a case of localised distension of the external jugular vein in a 24-year-old male patient... External Jugular Vein Aneurysm Presenting as a Cervical Mass.[connection.ebscohost.com]
  • Pulsatile tinnitus has a number of etiologies.[emedmd.com]
  • The exact etiology remains unclear although various proposed etiologies include trauma, tumors, inflammation and thoracic outlet syndrome.[jpmsonline.com]
  • Two hypotheses have been proposed to explain the etiology of IJP: The first is the elevated pressure in the internal jugular vein and the second is the congenital defect of the venous wall.[e-aps.org]
  • Etiology Thrombosis associated with central venous catheters occurs more frequently than was previously believed.[emedicine.medscape.com]

Epidemiology

  • Incidence and clinical epidemiology of necrobacillosis, including Lemierre’s syndrome, in Denmark 1990–1995 . Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 17 , 561 – 565 . [CrossRef] [Google Scholar] Huntington M.K. , Sewall B.O. ( 2007 ).[jmmcr.microbiologyresearch.org]
  • IJP is a rare condition and its epidemiologic features have not been well documented. In recent years, its incidence has increased.[e-aps.org]
  • Epidemiology Some studies suggest that the rate of thrombosis may be lower for Silastic (Dow Corning, Midland, MI) hemodialysis catheters inserted percutaneously than for those inserted surgically.[emedicine.medscape.com]
  • Epidemiology It is estimated that one of every five people experience some form of tinnitus during their lifetime, and 25% of those with tinnitus have their lives severely affected (Otto et al. 2007).[emedmd.com]
  • Epidemiology [ edit ] Lemierre's syndrome is currently rare, but was more common in the early 20th century before the discovery of penicillin .[en.wikipedia.org]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • Pathophysiology The classic triad predisposing to intravascular thrombosis was described first by Virchow and includes the following: Blood vessel trauma Stasis of blood flow Hypercoagulable state In the case of central venous lines, the catheter itself[emedicine.medscape.com]
  • . , Streptococcus microaerophile , Staphylococcus aureus , Streptococcus pyogenes , and Eikenella corrodens . [6] [8] Pathophysiology [ edit ] Lemierre's syndrome begins with an infection of the head and neck region.[en.wikipedia.org]

Prevention

  • Early diagnosis and aggressive therapeutic interventions are critical to prevent further morbidity in patients who develop cerebral vein and dural sinus thrombosis after ligation of the internal jugular vein.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Numerous methods of venous reconstruction have been described to help prevent the many complications related to bilateral ligation of the internal jugular veins.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • It is used to remove a damaged vein and prevent complications of vein damage. If several valves in a vein and the vein itself are heavily damaged, the vein (or the diseased part of the vein) is removed (stripped).[northshore.org]
  • Anticoagulation has been advocated to prevent extension of the thrombus to distal sinuses(27,28). However, it is rarely used now as most infections can be controlled with antibiotics and surgery, and this tends to prevent thrombus propagating.[arquivosdeorl.org.br]
  • Care is taken to prevent inadvertent damage to the jugular vein or the contents of the carotid sheath. This reinforcement prevents the vein from dilating, and at the same time preserves its function.[bhj.org.in]

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