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Lower Urinary Tract Infection


  • As susceptibility to mecillinam in vitro did not predict bacteriological and clinical outcome of PIV treatment, we suggest that the present breakpoints for mecillinam should be revised.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Tissue pathways for urological pathology The target primary users of the tissue pathway are trainee and consultant cellular pathologists. These recommendations will also be of value to trainee/qualified biomedical scientists involved in...[evidence.nhs.uk]
Febrile Convulsions
  • Febrile convulsions increase risk of Tourette syndrome. Seizure 2014;23:651–656. pmid:24907027 View Article PubMed/NCBI Google Scholar 22. Sfanos KS, De Marzo AM. Prostate cancer and inflammation: the evidence.[journals.plos.org]
Peripheral Neuropathy
  • However, long-term use should be avoided, especially in older patients as peripheral neuropathy can occur with impaired renal function.[nps.org.au]


  • (See Workup.) Successful emergent management includes selection of appropriate antimicrobial therapy with recommendations for follow-up care.[emedicine.medscape.com]


  • Four of them succeeded to collect data on type, dosage and duration of treatment. Mostly, trimethoprim was the treatment of first choice, sometimes combined with sulfamethoxazol or sulfamethizol.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]


  • […] immunocompromised status especially virulent pathogen factors that may make a patient complicated 1 male childhood UTIs immunocompromised pregnancy elderly diabetes mellitus failed antibiotic course extended symptoms before presentation Treatment and prognosis[radiopaedia.org]
  • Wear cotton underwear and loose-fitting clothes UTI prognosis If you have a lower urinary tract infection, antibiotic treatment usually clears up the infection.[depend.com.au]
  • Prognosis Even with effective antibiotic treatment, the average duration of severe symptoms in women with cystitis is somewhat longer than 3 days.[emedicine.medscape.com]
  • What is the prognosis of a urinary tract infection? For people with uncomplicated cystitis or pyelonephritis, antibiotic treatment usually brings complete resolution of the infection.[medicinenet.com]


  • CONCLUSION: We found that cystitis or urethritis may play an etiological role in the development of PCa in Taiwanese men, particularly in those with repeated medical visits for cystitis or urethritis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Therefore, there is a critical need for a greater understanding of the etiological factors triggering PCa.[journals.plos.org]
  • Use Additional Use Additional Help Certain conditions have both an underlying etiology and multiple body system manifestations due to the underlying etiology.[icd10data.com]
  • Chronic interstitial nephritis: Etiologic factors. Ann. Intern. Med. 82 (1975) 453–459. Google Scholar 16. Kass, E. H. Horatio at the orifice: The significance of bacteriuria. J. Infect. Dis. 138 (1978) 546–557. Google Scholar 17. Gower, P.[link.springer.com]
  • Etiology and risk factors N Engl J Med. 2012 Mar 15;366(11):1028-37. Lancet Infect Dis. 2004 Oct;4(10):631-5. Etiology Most commonly due to infection with Escherichia coli species (80-90% of cases).[pathophys.org]


  • Both clinical studies in pregnant women with UTI and large epidemiological studies have confirmed the safety of pivmecillinam used in pregnancy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Rapid procedure for isolation of plasmid DNA and application to epidemiological analysis. J Clin Microbiol 20, 608 –613. [Google Scholar] Supplementary Data Data loading.... Article metrics loading...[jmm.microbiologyresearch.org]
  • Epidemiology of urinary tract infections: incidence, morbidity, and economic costs. Am J Med 2002;113 Suppl 1:5-13. Zalmanovici Trestioreanu A, Green H, Paul M, Yaphe J, Leibovici L.[nps.org.au]
  • Epidemiological reports on the relationship between LUTI (cystitis or urethritis) and PCa risk are rare.[journals.plos.org]
  • […] infections in women is based on a re-evaluation of the criteria for defining pyelonephritis at autopsy, careful description of the causes of renal disease among patients entering dialysis and transplant programs, long term observation of patients, and epidemiologic[link.springer.com]
Sex distribution
Age distribution


  • Pathophysiology of Complicated Urinary Tract Infections. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at . Accessed October 2012. Brusch, J. (Updated 2012 February 1). Cystitis in Females. Medscape Reference [On-line information].[labtestsonline.org]
  • For more information on this topic, see the Medscape Reference articles Acute Pyelonephritis and Pathophysiology of Complicated Urinary Tract Infections.[emedicine.medscape.com]
  • Certainly, behavior is crucial to the pathophysiology of most types of dysfunctional voiding.[auanet.org]
  • Study Guide for Pathophysiology (5 ed.). Elsevier Health Sciences. 2013. p. 272. ISBN 9780323293181. Archived from the original on 2016-02-16. Introduction to Medical-Surgical Nursing. Elsevier Health Sciences. 2015. p. 909. ISBN 9781455776412.[en.wikipedia.org]


  • CONCLUSION: Acupuncture seems a worthwhile alternative in the prevention of recurring lower UTI in women.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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