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Measles Pneumonia


Presentation

  • Two weeks later the child presented with measles giant cell pneumonia diagnosed on open lung biopsy. Ribavirin therapy was again successful. The role of ribavirin in the treatment of measles in immunocompromised children is discussed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Both patients presented severe pneumonia with bilateral diffuse micronodular shadows. Diagnoses were established in both patients by antibody titers for measles and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) of blood and throat swab.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Clinical evidence of bronchospasm was present in 18 patients (17 percent) and required bronchodilators in six. Other complications included liver function abnormalities (31 percent), otitis media (29 percent) and sinusitis (25 percent).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • In the present paper, we describe a 27-yr-old male who developed fever, skin rash typical of measles, and diffuse pulmonary infiltrates associated with respiratory failure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • More severe changes on chest X-ray at presentation were associated with higher rates of bacterial identification and worse outcome at 2 weeks. Chest X-ray changes were worse and bacterial identification was more common in poorly nourished children.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Fever
  • Although no deaths occurred, the illness was characterized as clinically severe with high fever and prolonged hospitalization (mean, 14.5 days).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • In the present paper, we describe a 27-yr-old male who developed fever, skin rash typical of measles, and diffuse pulmonary infiltrates associated with respiratory failure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Complicated with pneumonia, measles children with respiratory symptoms were significantly increased, often high fever continued, cough increased, shortness of breath, nose flap, cyanosis, the lungs can smell and wet rales, mostly with measles fever, rash[healthfrom.com]
  • , trench fever, human erlichiosis; and more.[books.google.com]
  • Other symptoms include Fever Cough Runny nose Conjunctivitis (pink eye) Feeling achy and run down Tiny white spots inside the mouth Sometimes measles can lead to serious problems.[icdlist.com]
Multiple Organ Dysfunction Syndrome
  • The clinical characteristics of complications such as hypoxemia, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), sepsis, pneumothorax, multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS), and intracranial infection were retrospectively analyzed; in addition, the death[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Mucosal Edema
  • The pathologic manifestations of measles virus pneumonia are acute inflammation of the respiratory tract including bronchial and bronchioles, mucosal edema, congestion, necrosis can form ulcers with cilia shedding, interstitial Mononuclear cells and multinucleated[healthfrom.com]
Dry Rale
  • Symptom Measles virus pneumonia symptoms common symptoms muscle pain dry cough abdominal pain dry rales high fever does not return wet rales breathing rapid nasal flapping cyanosis pulmonary suppurative infection Pneumonia is the most common complication[healthfrom.com]
Hematochezia
  • Haug Browse recently published Learning/CME Learning/CME View all learning/CME CME Partial Oral versus Intravenous Antibiotic Treatment of Endocarditis Case 4-2019: An 18-Year-Old Man with Abdominal Pain and Hematochezia Bridging the Gap Challenge Yourself[nejm.org]
Vascular Disease
  • Hammar Springer Science & Business Media , ٢٩‏/٠٦‏/٢٠١٣ - 1656 من الصفحات The first edition of Pulmonary Pathology was dedicated to Vascular Diseases. Vasculitis is so complex as to con two giants in the field, Drs.[books.google.com]
Exanthema
  • […] their children and importation ( Cleve Clin J Med 2010;77:207 ) Highly infectious, affecting up to 90% of individuals in nonimmune populations Also occurs in adults ( MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2011;60:666 ) Pneumonia is serious complication of childhood exanthema[pathologyoutlines.com]

Workup

  • Complicated and possibly hazardous workups can be avoided by awareness of this disease.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Pulmonary Infiltrate
  • In the present paper, we describe a 27-yr-old male who developed fever, skin rash typical of measles, and diffuse pulmonary infiltrates associated with respiratory failure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Atelectasis
  • […] cells and mononuclear cells, alveolar wall has a transparent membrane formation, bronchial secretion As well as exfoliated cells can cause partial obstruction of the bronchus caused by local emphysema and pulmonary bullous obstruction can occur when the atelectasis[healthfrom.com]

Treatment

  • Treatment Treatment of measles virus pneumonia Department of Internal Medicine: Department of Respiratory Medicine Treatment: drug treatment supportive treatment Treatment cycle: 10 - 30 days Cure rate: 90% Commonly used drugs: ribavirin tablets ribavirin[healthfrom.com]
  • The role of ribavirin in the treatment of measles in immunocompromised children is discussed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Prevention of measles pneumonia is clearly the preferred "treatment." Preventive healthcare is paramount in providing optimal care for children.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Most of these lives could be saved by expanding low-cost prevention and treatment measures.[unicef.org]
  • The objective of this study was to summarize and analyze the clinical characteristics and treatment experience of serious complications of measles pneumonia in children.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Prognosis

  • (B) prognosis Measles pneumonia has a higher mortality rate. 20 years ago, measles pneumonia mortality was 60.1%, is still about 10%. Basic Nursing Measles virus pneumonia care 1.[healthfrom.com]
  • Prognosis (cont.) Deaths are primarily due to pneumonia or secondary bacterial infections .[slideshare.net]
  • Prognosis Most healthy people recover completely from measles. About 3% of adults with measles develop symptoms of pneumonia severe enough to require hospital treatment.[health.harvard.edu]

Etiology

  • Etiology Measles virus pneumonia etiology (A) the cause of the disease Measles is caused by measles virus (measles virus) caused by acute infectious diseases, the most common complication is measles pneumonia (measles pneumonia), measles virus can violate[healthfrom.com]
  • Abuse of antibiotics in China and its potential interference in determining the etiology of pediatric bacterial diseases. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1993;12:986–7. doi: 10.1097/00006454-199312000-00004 .[bmcpediatr.biomedcentral.com]
  • Etiology Measles virus, the cause of measles, is an RNA virus of the genus Morbillivirus in the family Paramyxoviridae. Only one serotype is known 4. Epidemiology Measles is endemic throughout the world.[slideshare.net]

Epidemiology

  • The Epidemiology of Subacute Sclerosing Panencephalitis in England and Wales 1970-1989 . Int J Epidemiol . 1992; 21:998-1006. Top of Page[cdc.gov]
  • Diagnosis Identification of measles virus pneumonia diagnosis According to the characteristics of oral mucosal spots and rash, combined with epidemiological patients 2 to 3 weeks with measles exposure history and chest X-ray pneumonia can be diagnosed[healthfrom.com]
  • Epidemiology Measles is endemic throughout the world. In the past, epidemics tended to occur irregularly , appearing in the spring in large cities at 2-4-yr intervals as new groups of susceptible children were exposed. 5. Epidemiology (Cont.)[slideshare.net]
  • , 200336, China (3) Department of Biostatistics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, 1415 Washington Heights, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA (4) Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, Public Health Service of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, the Netherlands ([bmcpediatr.biomedcentral.com]
  • All suspected cases should be confirmed, ideally by testing of oral fluid (saliva), but management will often have to be based on a clinical and epidemiological risk assessment of the likelihood of the case being true measles. 8.[gov.uk]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Prevention

  • Prevention of measles pneumonia is clearly the preferred "treatment." Preventive healthcare is paramount in providing optimal care for children.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Preventing pneumonia is always better than treating it. Vaccines are available to prevent pneumococcal pneumonia and the flu. Other preventive measures include washing your hands frequently and not smoking.[icdlist.com]
  • Most of these lives could be saved by expanding low-cost prevention and treatment measures.[unicef.org]
  • Suggestions are offered for the prevention of this often fatal complication.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • According to a report released by UNICEF on Monday, most of these deaths are preventable. Pneumonia alone kills more children under five than any other disease.[ugandaradionetwork.com]

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