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Meningococcal Carrier

Carrier of Meningococcal Disease


Presentation

  • If an individual has both meningococcal meningitis and meningococcemia, they may present with a mixture of symptoms and signs characteristic to each of the diseases.[dermnetnz.org]
  • […] display the following symptoms; High fever Feeling lethargic, drowsy, irritable or confused Vomiting and diarrhoea Hands and feet feeling cold Pain and soreness in the joints and muscles Patients who have meningococcal meningitis are also likely to present[doctordoctor.com.au]
  • Get urgent medical advice from your doctor or hospital if you are in any way concerned that you or someone you know is presenting symptoms consistent with meningococcal disease If still in doubt or the disease progresses return to the doctor or hospital[meningococcal.org.au]
  • Two further doses of paracetamol are recommended six hours apart, regardless of whether fever is present.[betterhealth.vic.gov.au]
Asymptomatic
  • There is no reservoir other than man, the vast majority of which comprises of asymptomatic carriers.[lap-publishing.com]
  • Since N. meningitidis is a strict human pathogen and most patients have not been in contact with other cases, asymptomatic carriers are presumably the major source of the pathogenic strains.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The impact of this intervention on asymptomatic carriage of meningococci was investigated to establish whether serogroup replacement or protection by herd immunity occurred.[emgm.eu]
  • Person-to-person transmission can be interrupted by chemoprophylaxis, which eradicates the asymptomatic nasopharyngeal carrier state.[emedicine.medscape.com]
Camping
  • (a1) Neisseria Department, Statens Serum Institut , Artillerivej 5, DK-2300 Copenhagen S, Denmark (a2) Danish Armed Forces Health Services , Høvelte Military Camp, Høveltevej 117, DK-3460 Birkerød, Denmark Published online: 01 August 1998 Three cohorts[cambridge.org]
  • Outbreaks tend to occur in semiclosed communities (eg, military recruit camps, college dormitories, schools, day-care centers) and often involve patients aged 5 to 19 yr.[merckmanuals.com]
Sepsis
  • It usually appears as meningitis or sepsis. ‘Meningitis’ means an inflammation of the protective coverings of the brain and spinal cord. ‘Sepsis’ means blood poisoning, which is a more widespread infection throughout the body.[health.gov.au]
  • The rash is a sign of sepsis . It may not occur with meningitis alone. Other symptoms that may occur in babies These include: Excessive crying - often high-pitched or moaning and different to their usual cry.[patient.info]
  • Palabras claves: Neisseria meningitidis serogrupo; nasofaringe Neisseria meningitidis is a pathogen that lives exclusively in the oropharynx of human beings; it continues to be the most frequent cause of sepsis and meningitis in children around the world[scielosp.org]
Streptococcal Infection
  • Infections Barry M Gray 1 Introduction 673 Methodology 676 Biological Characteristics of the Organisms 684 Descriptive Epidemiology 688 Mechanisms and Routes of Transmission 694 Pathogenesis and Immunity 695 Patterns of Host Response 697 Control and[books.google.de]
Pharyngitis
  • Abstract Three cohorts of Danish male military recruits (n 1069) were studied for pharyngeal meningococcal carriage during 3 months at different seasons: 39-47% of entrants were meningococcal carriers and the carriage rate remained constant over time[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Artillerivej 5, DK-2300 Copenhagen S, Denmark (a2) Danish Armed Forces Health Services , Høvelte Military Camp, Høveltevej 117, DK-3460 Birkerød, Denmark Published online: 01 August 1998 Three cohorts of Danish male military recruits ( n 1069) were studied for pharyngeal[cambridge.org]
Suggestibility
  • Descriptive Epidemiology 587 Mechanisms and Routes of Transmission 7 Pathogenesis and Immunity 590 Patterns of Host Response 591 Control and Prevention 592 References 593 Suggested Reading 595 Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever Theodore E Woodward and J Stephen[books.google.de]
  • If you suspect that you or anyone you know has symptoms which are suggestive of the disease, see your doctor immediately.[doctordoctor.com.au]
  • If you think a person has symptoms that suggest meningococcal disease, contact your doctor immediately, call triple zero (000) for an ambulance or go to the nearest hospital emergency department.[health.gov.au]
  • Your doctor might also suggest the vaccine if you’ve had your spleen removed or if you have a chronic illness.[healthline.com]
  • The symptoms may suggest a less serious illness at first. For example, high temperature, headaches and vomiting are common with many viral illnesses such as flu.[patient.info]

Treatment

  • For more information about preventive treatment of close contacts, click here.[meningitis.ca]
  • Urgent treatment is essential for bacterial meningitis and septicaemia. If your doctor suspects you have bacterial meningitis, he or she will hospitalise you for treatment with antibiotics, and other supportive care.[health24.com]
  • Maintenance treatment, where the member's symptoms are neither regressing or improving, is considered not medically necessary.[tarsashazi-halozat.hu]
  • The sooner people receive treatment, the less damage the disease may cause. It is important to remember that this is an unpredictable infection that can progress very rapidly, despite the best treatment.[betterhealth.vic.gov.au]

Prognosis

  • Bacterial causes The outlook (prognosis) often depends on how soon antibiotics are given after the illness starts. Most people make a good recovery if treated early enough . Without treatment, most people will die.[patient.info]

Epidemiology

  • Abstract An epidemiological study was carried out to determine meningococcal carrier state amongst recruits of a military training centre. 360 recruits with divergent socioeconomic, ethnic backgrounds were studied.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Descriptive Epidemiology 587 Mechanisms and Routes of Transmission 7 Pathogenesis and Immunity 590 Patterns of Host Response 591 Control and Prevention 592 References 593 Suggested Reading 595 Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever Theodore E Woodward and J Stephen[books.google.de]
  • Martin Maiden is Professor of Molecular Epidemiology, and Wellcome Trust Senior Research Fellow in the Department of Zoology, University of Oxford.[books.google.de]
  • Bookcover of Epidemiology of meningococcal carrier state amongst recruits Booktitle: LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing (2017-04-06 ) eligible for voucher ISBN-13: 978-3-330-06713-4 ISBN-10: 3330067136 EAN: 9783330067134 Book language: English Blurb/Shorttext[morebooks.de]
  • Conducted under the sponsorship of the Commission on Acute Respiratory Diseases of the Armed Forces Epidemiological Board and supported by the United States Army Medical Research and Development Command, Department of the Army, under a research contract[nejm.org]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • Pathophysiology, treatment and outcome of meningococcemia: a review and recent experience. Pediatr Infect Dis J 1996;15(11):967-978. 15. Pollard AJ, Levin M. Vaccines for prevention of meningococcal disease.[scielosp.org]

Prevention

  • Descriptive Epidemiology 587 Mechanisms and Routes of Transmission 7 Pathogenesis and Immunity 590 Patterns of Host Response 591 Control and Prevention 592 References 593 Suggested Reading 595 Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever Theodore E Woodward and J Stephen[books.google.de]
  • Center. ‡ Professor of preventive medicine and chairman, Department of Preventive Medicine, State University of New York Upstate Medical Center.[nejm.org]
  • Immunoprophylaxis Vaccination is used for close contacts of patients with meningococcal disease due to A, C, Y, or W135 serogroups, to prevent secondary cases. [17] Current meningococcal vaccines are indicated for active immunization to prevent invasive[emedicine.medscape.com]
  • With no parents to keep an eye on them, meningitis can be missed Preventing meningitis Vaccines are the only way to prevent serious diseases like meningitis.[meningitisnow.org]
  • Disease Prevention and Control Guidelines Guidelines for the Prevention and Control of Meningococcal Disease Older versions of prevention and control guidelines can be made available upon request .[canada.ca]

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