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Microdontia


Presentation

  • This article presents the restorative management of localised and generalised microdontia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The term ogee is proposed to describe dome or onion-shaped incisor roots as presented in a family study. A case of ogee permanent upper incisor teeth associated with microdontia, oligodontia, and tooth mobility is described.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The present paper reports a rare case associated with both microdontia and severe hypodontia in a 13 year-old girl.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • […] astigmatism, camptodactyly, flexion contractures of the distal interphalangeal joints of the fingers, thinning of the fingers towards the distal end of the palm, and complete webbing of the IVth and Vth toes (syndactyly type III) and short stature were presented[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • In the present case a 12 year-old boy was healthy; normal in appearance and the medical history was noncontributory. The patient was examined and found to have permanent teeth that were smaller than those of the average adult teeth.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Short Stature
  • - hypodontia - short stature symptoms.[checkorphan.org]
  • This report describes an unusual case of generalized short roots associated with microdontia, taurodontism of posterior teeth, and multiple dens invaginatus along with short stature in a 20-year-old man, who had lost several teeth because of spontaneous[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • A Thai man and his sister affected with a newly recognized syndrome of proportionate primordial short stature are reported.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The findings which classify them as having MOPD include IUGR, microcephaly, prominent nose and nasal bridge, small pinnae, short stature, cone-shaped and ivory-epiphyses, delayed bone age, slender long bones, and abnormal pelvis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Anemia
  • […] globe Aortic dissection Transient ischemic attack Narrow nose Abnormal eyelash morphology Dilatation of the cerebral artery Alopecia of scalp Esophageal atresia Hemoptysis Scleroderma Clinodactyly Mandibular prognathia Abnormal heart morphology Lipoma Anemia[mendelian.co]
  • Oral findings in Fanconi's anemia. A case report. J Periodontol 1988;59:461–3. [4]. Bargale SD, Kiran SD. Non-syndromic occurrence of true generalized microdontia with mandibular mesiodens – a rare case. Head & Face Med 2011;7:19. [5].[journals.lww.com]
Proportionate Short Stature
  • short stature Kyphoscoliosis Intrauterine growth retardation Pectus excavatum Growth delay Vomiting Gastroesophageal reflux High palate Aplasia/Hypoplasia of the abdominal wall musculature Periorbital edema Conductive hearing impairment Seizures Cystocele[mendelian.co]
Premature Loss of Teeth
  • loss of teeth Periodontitis Hypercholesterolemia Soft skin Subarachnoid hemorrhage Reduced number of teeth Bruising susceptibility Cigarette-paper scars Fragile skin Hypohidrosis Mitral regurgitation High forehead Osteomyelitis Truncal obesity Gingival[mendelian.co]
Absent Earlobe
  • earlobe Coronary artery aneurysm Pulmonary artery aneurysm Arteriovenous fistulas of celiac and mesenteric vessels Renovascular hypertension Normal pressure hydrocephalus Uterine prolapse Dry skin Hypoplastic lacrimal duct Calcinosis cutis Vascular calcification[mendelian.co]
Dry Skin
  • skin Hypoplastic lacrimal duct Calcinosis cutis Vascular calcification Headache Pulp stones Intellectual disability, mild Atrial septal defect Subperiosteal bone formation Gait disturbance Periostosis Wide nasal bridge Hyperreflexia Premature delivery[mendelian.co]
Sparse Eyebrows
  • eyebrow Ventricular hypertrophy Widely spaced teeth Aortic regurgitation Spina bifida occulta Bilateral single transverse palmar creases Spina bifida Aortic valve stenosis Sparse and thin eyebrow Rhizomelia Bowing of the long bones Abnormal form of the[mendelian.co]
Flexion Contracture
  • contractures of the distal interphalangeal joints of the fingers, thinning of the fingers towards the distal end of the palm, and complete webbing of the IVth and Vth toes (syndactyly type III) and short stature were presented.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Abnormal facial shape Pes planus Thin skin Joint laxity Carious teeth Joint hypermobility Gingival overgrowth Osteolysis Hip dislocation Gingivitis Deeply set eye Cognitive impairment Abnormality of cardiovascular system morphology Hearing impairment Flexion[mendelian.co]
Aggressive Behavior
  • behavior Anxiety Septic arthritis Hydronephrosis Hypodontia Hypothyroidism Hyperactivity Upslanted palpebral fissure Babinski sign Neurological speech impairment Hyperphosphatemia Proptosis Prominent nose Long eyelashes Broad thumb Recurrent otitis media[mendelian.co]
Beaked Nose
  • Systemic Features: The facies are sometimes described as 'bird-like' with a beaked nose, brachycephaly, and micrognathia. Microstomia with a shortened ramus and forward displacement of the termporomandibular joints is characteristic.[disorders.eyes.arizona.edu]
Delayed Speech and Language Development
  • speech and language development Increased renal tubular phosphate reabsorption Low-set ears Abnormal oral frenulum morphology Strabismus Microcephaly Hypermobility of distal interphalangeal joints Hemothorax Decreased renal tubular phosphate excretion[mendelian.co]
Dysarthria
  • Epicanthus Ptosis Nephrocalcinosis Dental malocclusion Short metacarpal Bulbous nose Smooth philtrum Protruding ear Hyperlordosis Thin upper lip vermilion Constipation Posteriorly rotated ears Alopecia Long philtrum Abnormality of the skeletal system Dysarthria[mendelian.co]

Workup

Delayed Bone Age
  • The findings which classify them as having MOPD include IUGR, microcephaly, prominent nose and nasal bridge, small pinnae, short stature, cone-shaped and ivory-epiphyses, delayed bone age, slender long bones, and abnormal pelvis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Treatment

  • The literature describes several treatment choices, which are often focused on an orthodontic approach rather than a restorative one.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The treatment was accomplished through the use of overdentures, which also served as a bite plane to increase vertical dimension of occlusion and as a potential space maintainer.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • […] and leads us to success in dental treatments.[elsevier.es]

Prognosis

  • Prognosis - Symphalangism- distal- with microdontia- dental pulp stones- and narrowed zygomatic arch Not supplied. Treatment - Symphalangism- distal- with microdontia- dental pulp stones- and narrowed zygomatic arch Not supplied.[checkorphan.org]
  • Prognosis - Microdontia hypodontia short stature Not supplied. Treatment - Microdontia hypodontia short stature Not supplied. Resources - Microdontia hypodontia short stature Not supplied.[checkorphan.org]
  • […] includes a brief description of each individual lesion or pathologic condition and the kind of pathologic process that it represents, followed by a discussion of its clinical and/or radiographic presentation, histopathologic features, and its treatment and prognosis[books.google.de]

Etiology

  • Jpn Dent Sci Rev 45, 52-58. . [6] Larmour CJ, Mossey PA, Thind BS, Forgie AH, Stirrups DR (2005) Hypodontia — a retrospective review of prevalence and etiology. Part 1.[sciencepubco.com]
  • They are organised into groups, and further divided into clinical, etiological or histopathological sub-types.[orpha.net]
  • […] e in nature .2 3.Down syndrome 4.Ectodermal dysplasia 5.Cleft lip and palate 6.mpaction of permanent canines 7.Maxillar y canine/firs t premolar transposition 8.reduce lower face height refrences: Hypodontia—a Retrospective Review of Prevalence and Etiology[elearning.ju.edu.jo]
  • Expanded sections on etiology, treatment, and diagnosis of oral cancer (HPV) describe how subtypes can play an important role in the development and natural history of some head and neck cancers, most notably those arising in the oropharynx.[books.google.ro]
  • However, both genetic and environmental factors are involved in the etiology of the condition.[dentagama.com]

Epidemiology

  • The anomalies are organized by anatomical system and presented in a consistent manner, including details of the clinical presentation, epidemiology, embryology, treatment and prevention for each anomaly.[books.google.ro]
  • Each age-specific section covers the physical, cognitive, emotional, and social changes that children experience, as well as the epidemiology of dental disease at that age.[books.google.ro]
  • Eur J Dent 1, 167–73. [21] Tallón-Walton V, Nieminen P, Arte S, Carvalho-Lobato P, Ustrell-Torrent JM, Manzanares-Céspedes MC (2010) An epidemiological study of dental agenesis in a primary health area in Spain: Estimated prevalence and associated factors[sciencepubco.com]
  • Numerous epidemiological studies (11) of hypodontia have shown the distributions of hypodontia in an adolescent sample of American blacks with a comparable sample of whites.[jcdr.net]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Prevention

  • The anomalies are organized by anatomical system and presented in a consistent manner, including details of the clinical presentation, epidemiology, embryology, treatment and prevention for each anomaly.[books.google.ro]
  • Patrick Vuong of Smile Avenue Family Dentistry in Cypress maintains a focus on preventative dentistry, with the goal of helping patients achieve long-term success. What’s more is that Dr.[smileavenuefamilydentistry.com]
  • Prevention - Symphalangism- distal- with microdontia- dental pulp stones- and narrowed zygomatic arch Not supplied. Diagnosis - Symphalangism- distal- with microdontia- dental pulp stones- and narrowed zygomatic arch Not supplied.[checkorphan.org]
  • Because the severity of tooth impaction would follow different patterns when considering the investigated factors, it is mandatory to include such factors during dental diagnoses and the planning of preventive or interceptive interventions for young patients[unboundmedicine.com]

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