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Migraine with or without Aura


  • Discussion: The case is presented as further support for CSMT in the treatment of migraine.[chiro.org]
  • Late-Breaking Oral Presentations: Saturday, June 10, 2017 - 9:40-9:50 a.m.[web.archive.org]
  • Recording and stimulation procedure Black and white checkerboard patterns generated on a 17- in. television subtended 21 17 at a viewing distance of 90 cm was presented during EEG and MRI recordings.[thejournalofheadacheandpain.springeropen.com]
  • He noticed an increased nasal discharge and a hoarse voice—a rare side effect.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Disease Ontology : 12 A brain disease that is characterized by moderate to severe headaches, nausea, extreme sensitivity to light and sound and intense unilaterial throbbing or pulsing.[malacards.org]
  • Typical characteristics of the headache are unilateral location, pulsating quality, moderate or severe intensity, aggravation by routine physical activity and association with nausea and/or photophobia and phonophobia.[ichd-3.org]
  • In addition to pain, migraine headaches can cause nausea, dizziness, and sensitivity to lights, sounds, and smells. Migraines, with or without auras, can make it very hard to do everyday tasks and can last anywhere from hours to several days.[kidshealth.org]
  • During the headache at least one of the following occurs: Nausea and/or vomiting Photophobia (lights seem unusually bright) and phonophobia (sounds seem unusually loud) E. No other diagnosis to explain the headache.[bellaireneurology.com]
  • These headaches are often accompanied by nausea and, possibly, vomiting. Most of the time you need to limit or cancel activities during and after the migraine. How long they last.[health.howstuffworks.com]
Head Banging
  • Migraine manifestations by patient age Infants may present with only episodic "head banging." In preschool children, migraine often consists of episodes involving an ill appearance, abdominal pain, vomiting, and the need to go to sleep.[emedicine.com]
Extrapyramidal Symptoms
  • Depression and extrapyramidal symptoms can be observed, particularly in elderly persons. α 2 -Agonists There is good evidence for the lack of efficacy of the α 2 -agonist clonidine in the prevention of migraine (116-120).[annals.org]


  • See Workup for more detail. Management Pharmacologic agents used for the treatment of migraine can be classified as abortive (ie, for alleviating the acute phase) or prophylactic (ie, preventive).[emedicine.com]


  • Table 1 Results of Treatment Pre Treatment Treatment Period (5 weeks) Post-treatment (8 weeks) Frequency Headache – 1 every 2 weeks Migraine – 1 every 8 weeks Headache – 1 only Migraine – Nil No headache details Migraine – Nil Headache score VAS (12–10[chiro.org]
  • Two of the 3 nonresponders responded to the alternate group's treatment. No side effects were seen.[jamanetwork.com]
  • […] and acute treatment for migraines. 24 November 2015 New and amended recommendations on the prophylactic treatment of migraine with or without aura added to prophylactic treatment as the NICE guideline on headaches in over 12s: diagnosis and management[pathways.nice.org.uk]
  • : type of biofeedback intervention, additional relaxation training during biofeedback, feedback modality, type of control intervention, treatment setting, treatment documentation (number and duration of sessions, treatment manual), changes in medication[oadoi.org]


  • Abstract Purpose of the review The prognosis of migraine is poorly studied and research in this regard is in its infancy. Migraine is a chronic disorder with episodic attacks with a highly variable long-term prognosis.[doi.org]
  • Crossing the 15-day-per-month threshold changes the clinical presentation, prognosis, and treatment, all for the worse.[doi.org]


  • Nutrição Natural Anticâncer Atualizado em 4 de Novembro de 2013 para OpenOffice Writer para Adobe Acrobat para Microsoft Word Fluids Hypertension Syndromes: Migraines, Headaches, Normal Tension Glaucoma, Benign Intracranial Hypertension; Etiologies, Pathophysiology[izecksohn.com]
  • These results indicate that migraine and epilepsy are strongly associated, independent of seizure type, etiology, age at onset, or family history of epilepsy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Mansfield LE, Vaughan TR, Waller SF, Haverly RW, Ting S (1985) Food allergy and adult migraine: double-blind and mediator confirmation of an allergic etiology. Ann Allergy 55:126–129 PubMed Google Scholar 20.[doi.org]
  • Nurse practitioners should therefore concentrate their efforts on advising patients of the nutritional pitfalls of some Chinese restaurant meals and to seek more consistently documented etiologies for symptoms such as headache, xerostomia, or flushing[doi.org]


  • Migraine with aura and migraine without aura: an epidemiological study . Cephalalgia 1992 ; 12: 221 – 8 . Google Scholar SAGE Journals ISI 2. Russell, MB, Rasmussen, BK, Thorvaldsen, P, Olesen, J.[doi.org]
  • Epidemiology of migraine . Neuro-epidemiology 1993 ; 12: 179 – 94 Google Scholar 3. Stewart, WF, Simon, D, Shechter, A, Lipton, RB. Population variation in migraine prevalence: a meta-analysis .[doi.org]
  • Epidemiology of headache . Cephalalgia 1995 ; 15: 45 – 68 . Google Scholar SAGE Journals ISI 2. Scher, AI, Stewart, WF, Lipton, RB. Migraine and headache: a meta-analytic approach . In: Crombie, IK , editor . The epidemiology of pain.[doi.org]
  • This article reviews the recent epidemiologic studies of headache in Asia using International Headache Society (IHS) classification criteria.[doi.org]
Sex distribution
Age distribution


  • This review discusses knowledge of the pathophysiology and genetic basis of migraine with the latest scientific evidence from genetic studies.[dx.doi.org]
  • Nutrição Natural Anticâncer Atualizado em 4 de Novembro de 2013 para OpenOffice Writer para Adobe Acrobat para Microsoft Word Fluids Hypertension Syndromes: Migraines, Headaches, Normal Tension Glaucoma, Benign Intracranial Hypertension; Etiologies, Pathophysiology[izecksohn.com]
  • The discovery of genes in monogenic diseases in which migraine is prominent may lead to new insights in the molecular pathways involved in migraine pathophysiology.[doi.org]
  • More information The Merck Manual Pathophysiology, symptoms, signs, diagnosis and treatment options for migraines. Migraine Association of Ireland A registered charity dedicated to improving the quality of life for people with migraine.[curlie.org]
  • Adult Prodrome and Postdrome: A Window on Migraine Pathophysiology? , Frontiers in Neurology , 10.3389/fneur.2019.00199 , 10 , (2019) .[doi.org]


  • Certain natural treatments, such as riboflavin (vitamin B2) and coenzyme Q10, may help prevent migraines. If your magnesium level is low, you can try taking magnesium. There is also an herb, butterbur, which some people take to prevent migraines.[malacards.org]
  • Histamine SC is established as probably effective (3 Class II studies) for migraine prevention. Cyproheptadine is possibly effective for migraine prevention and possibly as effective as propranolol for migraine prevention (single Class II study).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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